Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 97
Bibliography Abiose, A., Bhar, I.S., and Allanson, M.A. 1980 The ocular health status of postprimary school children in Kaduna, Nigeria: Report of a survey. Journal of Pcdiatnc Ophthalmology and Strabismus 17~5~:337-340. Adams, A.J. 1987 Adult onset myopia: evidence for axial length elongation not corneal curvature increase as the basis. American Journal of Optomc*.y and Physiological Optics 64~23:150-2. Agnew, C., and Williams A. 1877 Near sightedness in the public schools. New York Medical Record 12:34-36. Alsbirk, P.H. 1979 Refraction in adult West Greenland Eskimos. Acta Ophthalmologica 57~1~:84-95. Angle, J., and Wisemann, D.A. 1980a The epidemiology of myopia. American Journal of Epidemiology 3~2) :220-228. 1980b Myopia and corrective lenses. Social Science and Mcdicinc 14A(6~:473-479. Ashton, G.C. 1985 Segregation analysis of ocular refraction and myopia. Human Heredity 35:232-239. Ask, F. 1904 Studien uber die Myopie in den Voll~tandigen hoheren lehanstalten fur knaben Schwednes. Nordic Mcdicinhistorisk Ar~lbok. 37: afd.1, nr.10, p .1-70 (117) . 1925 A contribution to the question of the frequency of school myopia in Sweden. Acta Ophthalmologica 3:108-120. Baldwin, W.R. 1957 A serial study of refractive status in youth. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the 1962 1981 American Academy of Optometry 34:486-490. Corneal curvature changes in high myopia vs. corneal curvature changes in low myopia. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 39~6~:349-354. 1964 The relationship between axial length of the eye and certain other anthropometric measures of myopes. American Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of the American Academy of Optometry 41 (9~:513-522. 1967 Clinical research and procedures in refraction. Pages 39-59 in M. J. Hirsch (ed.) Syr~op~i~ of the Refractive State of the Eye: A Symposium. Burgess Publishing Co.: Minneapolis, Minnesota. A review of statistical studies of relations between myopia and ethnic, behavioral, and physio logical characteristics. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 58~7~:516-527. Baldwin, W.R., West, D., Jolley, J., and Reid, W. 1969 Effects of contact lenses on refractive corneal and axial length changes in young myopes. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archings of the American Academy of Optometry 46~12~:903-911. Banerjee, J. 1933 School myopia. Proceedings of the All-India Ophthalmological Society (3~:158-172. 97
OCR for page 98
98 Banks, M.S. 1980 Infant refraction and accommodation. Intcrna;tional Ophthalmology Clinic 20:205-232. Bannon, R.E. 1947 Use of cycloplegics in refraction. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 24:513. Barfoed, P. 1953 On the prognosis in excessive myopia. Acta OpEthalmologica 31:271. Basu, S.K., and Jindal, A. 1983 Genetic aspects of myopia among the Shia Muslim Dawoodi Bohras of Oadipur, Rajsthan. Human Heredity 33~3~:163-169. Bear, J.C., and Richler, A. 1982 Environmental influences on ocular refraction. American Journal of Epidemiology 115~1~:138-142. Beedle, S.L., and Young, F.A. 1976 Values, personality, physical characteristics, and refractive error. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 53~11) :735-739 . Bennett, A.G., and Rabbetts R.B. 1984 Clinical visual optics. London: Butterworths. p. 434-441. Benoit, A. 1958 Biotypology of the myopic man. Archives of Ophthalmology (Paris) 18:734-752. Betsch, A. 1929 Ueber die menschiche refraktoinskurve. Klinischc Monatshlactter fucr Augenheillundc and fucr Augenartzlichc Fortbddung. 82:365-379. Bhau, T.N. 1938 Incidence of refractive errors. Proceedings of the All-India Ophthalmological Society 6:167-168. Bielik, M., Freidman, Z., Peleg, B., and Neumann, E. 1978 Changes in refraction over a period of 3-5 years in 212 strabismic children aged one to two and a half. Metabolic Ophthalmology 2:115-117. Bind, E. 1950 Carrying optometrical services to the Eskimos of the eastern Arctic. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 47:24-31. Birge, H.L. 1956 Myopia caused by prematurity. American Journal of Ophthalmology 42:292-298. Bjerrum, J., and Philipsen, H. 1884 Beretninger fra ojenlaegerne. Bilag II til: Betaenkning afgivet af den under 23. juni 1882 nedsatte Commission til at tilvejebringe oplysninger am mulige sanitaere misligheder og mangler i ordningen at skilevaesenet, og til at fremkomme med forslag Ill sadannes fremtidige forebyggelse. Kobenhavn. Blegvad, O. 1918 Ueber die progression der myopic. Klinuchc Monat~blacttcr fucr Augenheillundc und fucr Augenart- zlichc Fortbildung. 60:155-181. 1927 The prognosis of excessive myopia. Acta Ophthalmologica 5~1~:49-77. Bonink, V. 1973 Refractive problems in native peoples (The Sioux Lookout Project). Canadian Journal of Ophthal- mology 8~23:229-233. Borghi, R.A., and Rouse, M.W. 1985 Comparison of refraction obtained by "near retinoscopyn and retinoscopy under cycloplegia. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 62~3~:169-172. Borish, I.M. 1970 Clinical Refraction. 3rd ed. Chicago: Professional Press. Bothman, L. 1931 The relation of the basal metabolism rate to progressive axial myopia. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 14:918. 1932a A comparative study of homatropine and atropine cycloplegia. Architect of Ophthalmology 7:388 398. 1932b Refraction changes in the eyes of children under six years of age. Archives of Ophthalmology 7:294.
OCR for page 99
99 Boynton, R.E. 1936 Variations in visual acuity among college students. Sight Sating Review 6:263. Brown, E.V.L. 1936 Apparent increase of hyperopia up to the age of nine years. American Journal of Ophthalmology 28:845. 1938 Net average yearly changes in refraction of atropinized eyes from birth to beyond middle life. Archivce of Opthalmology 19:719-734. 1942 Use-abuse theory of changes in refraction versus biologic theory. Archaic of Ophthalmology 28:845-850. 1950 Comparison of refraction of strabismic eyes with that of non-strabismic eyes from birth to the 25th year. Archince of Ophthalmology 44:357. Brown, E.V.L., and Kronfeld, P. 1929 The refraction curve in the U.S. with special reference to the first two decades. Proceedings of the 1Sth International Congress of Ophthalmology 13:87-98. Brown, M. 1986 Unpublished study of refractive error in United States Military Academy cadets. U.S. Military Academy, West Point. Bucklers, M. 1953 Changes in refraction during life. British Journal of Ophthalmology 37:587-592. Burnett, R. 1911 University of California Publications in Physiology 4:75. Callan, P.A. 1875 Examination of colored school children's eyes. American Journal of Mcdecal Scicnecs 69:331-339. Castren, J.A. 1955 The significance of prematurity on the eye with reference to retrolental fibroplasia. Acta Ophthalmologica Supp. 44. Castren, J.A., and Pohjola, S. 1962 Myopia and scleral rigidity. Acta Ophthalmologica 40~1~:33-36. Cattell, J. 1928 Dentition as a Measure of Maturity. Harvard Monographs in Education. Vol. 9: Studies in Educational Psychology and Educational Measurement. Cambridge, Mass.: Graduate School of Education, Harvard University. Clarke, E. 1925 Genesis of myopia. Itan~achon~ of the Ophthalmology Society of the United Kingdom 45:373-382. Cline, D., Hofatetter, H.W., and Griffin, J.R. 1980 Dictionary of Visual Scicnec, 3rd ed. Radnor, Pennsylvania: Chilton. Cohn, H. 1867 Untersuchen der augen van 10060 schulkindern nebst vorsehlangen zur verbesserung der augen nachteiligen schuleinrichtungen. Einc atiologischc Studio, Leipzig, Verlag van Friederich Fleischer. 1881 Die augen der medicinstudirenden. Wincr Mod Jarhrc~bucher i:21, Vienna. 1886 The Hygiene of the Eye in Schools. English translation, London: W.P. Trumbull, Simkin, Marshall & Co. 1892 Lehrbuch der hygiene des agues. Wicn u. Leipzig. 1902 Die augen der in breslau medicin studierenden. Archioc~ of AugenAcilik uncle 46:29-48. Collard, A.C. 1881 De oogen studenten aau te riJks-universitat te utrecht. Inaug. Dim., Utrecht. Conrad, M. 1874 Die refraction van 3036 augen van schulkindern mit rucksicht auf den uberwiegen van myopia. Dissertation (unpublished), University of Konigsberg. Cook, R.C., and Glasscock, R.E. 1951 Refractive and ocular findings in the newborn. American Journal of Ophthalmology 34~10~:1407- 1413. Crawford, H.E., and Hammond, G.E. 1949 Racial analysis of ocular defects in the schools of Hawaii. Hawaii Medical Journal 9:90-93.
OCR for page 100
100 Criswell, M.H., and Goss, D.A. 1983 Myopia development in non-human primates A literature review. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 60(3):250-268. Curtin, B.J. 1963 The pathogenesis of congenital myopia, a study of 66 cases. Architect of Ophthalmology 69~2~:166 173. 1966 Physiology and therapy of the myopias. Inaction of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 70~3) :331-339. 1970 Myopia: A review of its etiology, pathogene~i~ and treatment. Surucy of Ophthalmology 15~1~:1-17. 1979 Physiologic vs. pathologic myopia: Genetics vet environment. Ophthalmology 86~5~:681-691. 1985 The Myopia`: Basic Scicnec and Clinical Managemcnt. New York: Harper and Row. Curtin, B.J., and Teng, C.C. 1958 Scleral changes in pathological myopia. IParuactior" of the American Academy of Ophthalmology 62:777-790. Dalton, M.M. 1943 A visual survey of 5,000 school children. Journal of Educational Research 37~2~:81-94. Daubs, J.A. 1984 Some geographic, environmental and nutritive concomitants of malignant myopia. Ophthalmic Physiology Optics 4~2~:143-149. Derby, H. 1877a 1877b Development of myopia among college students. Boston Medical and Surgical Journal: p. 337. A report on the percentage of nearsight in the class of 1880 at Harvard College. Boston Medical and Surgical Journal:18:337. 1879 Influence on the refraction of four years of college life. ll~an~actione of the American Ophthalmology Society 2:530-536. 1880 Near sight in the young. Boston Magical and Surgical Journal 102(b):620-621. 1885 Influence on the refraction of four years of college life. Illustrated by the statistics of the last four graduating from Amherst College. Inaction of the American Ophthalmology Socicly 3:456-466. Diamond, S. 1957 Acquired myopia in airline pilots. Journal of Ablation Mcdicinc 28:559-568. Dobrowolsky, D.K. 1883 The eyes of the pupils of the Ural high-school, Wratch No. 6. Nagel'` Jabrc~brt 19:189. 1874 Die schule and die Kurssichnigken. Berne: Rectoratrede. Dobson, V., Fulton, A.B., and Sebris, S.L. 1984 Cycloplegic refractions of infants and young children: The axis of astigmatism. Inucatigativc Ophthalmology and Visual Science 2 5 ( 1 ) :83-8 7. Dor, M.L. 1878 Etude sur l 'hygiene oculaire au lycee de lyon. Lyon Medical. Cited by Cohn, H.: Hygiene of the Eye. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co., 1886. Duke-Elder, S., and Abrams, D. 1970 Ophthalmic Optics and Refraction. Vol. V of System of Ophthalmology. S. Duke-Elder, ed. St. Louis: Mosby. Dunphy, E.B., Stall, M.R., and King, S.H. 1968 Myopia among American male graduate students. American Journal of Ophthalmology 65:518-522. Durr, 1883 Die refraction van 414 schulern nach anwendung van homatropin. Archives ~ Ophthalmologic 29(1):103. Dzen, T. 1921 Refraction in Peking Medical College. National Medical Journal of China 6:153-160. Ebenholtz, S.M. 1983 Accommodative hysteresis: A precursor for induced myopia. Inucet*atinc Ophthalmology and Visual Scicnec 24:513-515. 1985 Hysteresis magnitude and decay rate as a function of fixation-target distance from the dark focus. Inucstigatioc Ophthalmology and Visual Scicnec 26:269.
OCR for page 101
101 1986a Potential Predictors of Adult Onset Myopia. Unpublished manuscript, State University of New York College of Optometry. 1986b Accommodative hysteresis: Relation to resting focus. American Journal of Optometry and Phy~i~ logical Optics 62:755-762. Ederer, F. 1973 Shall we count number of eyes or number of subjects. Architect of Ophthalmology 89:E1-E2. Erickson, P.M. 1978 Accounting for refractive changes in orthokeratology Contacto 22 (September):9-12. Erickson, P.M., and Thorn, F. 1977 Does refractive error change twice as fast as corneal power in orthokeratology? American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 54:581-587. Erismann, G. 1871 En Beitrage zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der myopic, gestutst aug die Untersuchung der Augen van 4358 Schulern. Archives of Ophthalmology 17~1~:1-79. Fledelius, H.C. 1980 Ophthalmic changes from age of 10 to 18 years. A longidutinal study of sequels of low birth weight. I. Refraction. Acta Ophthalmologica 58~6~:889-898. 1981a Changes in refraction and eye size during adolescence with special reference to the influence of low birth weight. Documents Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series 28:63-68. 1981b The growth of the eye from age of 10 to 18 years. A longitudinal study including ultrasound oculometry. Documcnta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Series 29:211-215. 1981c Myopia of prematurity-changes during adolescence. Documcnta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Scrics 29:217-223. 1982a Ophthalmic changes from age 10 to 18 years. A longitudinal study of sequels to low birth weight. III. Ultrasound oculometry and keratometry of anterior eye segment. Acta Ophthalmologica 60:393 402. 1982b Ophthalmic changes from age 10 to 18 years. A longitudinal study of sequels to low birth weight. IV. Ultrasound oculometry of vitreous and alibi length. Acta Ophthalmologica 60:403-411. 1983 Is myopia getting more frequent? A cross-sectional study of 1416 Danes aged 16 years+. Acta Ophthalmologica 61 (4) :545-559. Fleischer, B. 1907 Ueber vererbung van kurssichtigkeit. Bar. Ophthal tics. 34:238-247. Fletcher, M.C. 1964 Clinical Research Design Effect of Contact Lens on School Myopia. Paper presented at First International Conference on Myopia, September 10-13, 1964. (Reprints without page number published by Professional Press, New York.) Fletcher, M.C., and Brandon, S. 1955 Myopia of prematurity. American Journal of Ophthalmology 40:474-481. Florschutz, B. 1880 De kurzichttigkeit in den coburger schulen. Coburg. Francois, J., and Goes, F. 1975 Oculometry of progressive myopia. Bibliography of Ophthalmology 83:277-282. Fulton, A.B., Hansen, R.M., and Peterson, R.A. 1982 The relation of myopia and astigmatism in developing eyes. Ophthalmology 89~43:298-302. Gardiner, P., and James, G. 1960 Association between maternal disease during pregnancy and myopia in the child. British Journal of Ophthalmology 44:172-178. Gawron, V.J. 1981 Differences among myopes, emmetropes, and hyperopes. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 58:753-760. Gerhard, J.P. 1983 Myopia in premature infants. Bulletin of the Society of Ophthalmology Or. 83~2~:221-3. Gernet, H. 1964 Compensatory behavior of corneal refraction and length of the globe in buphthalmos. Klini~chc Monatshlacttcr fucr Augenheillundc und fucr Augenartilichc Fortbildung. 144:429-431.
OCR for page 102
102 Gmelin, R.T. 1976 Myopia at West Point: Past and present. Military Medicine 141~8~:542-543. Goldschmidt, E. 1968 On the etiology of myopia. Acta OpAthalmologica Supplement 98. Munksgaard, Copenhagen. Goldstein, J., Vukcevich, D., Paolino, J., and Diamond, H.S. 1971 Myopia and dental caries. Journal of the American Medical Association 219~8~:1572-1573. Goodson, R.A. 1983 Refractive Error Changes in Air Force Academy Cadets. Unpublished study. U.S.A.F. School of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Sciences Division, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas 78235. Goss, D.A. 1982 Attempts to reduce the rate of increase of myopia in young people a critical literature review. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 59~10~:828-841. 1984 Overcorrection as a means of slowing myopic progression. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 61~2~:85-93. 1985 Refractive status and premature birth. Optometric Monthly 76~3) :109-111. 1986a Characteristics of myopia progression. In M.C. Flom and T.P. Grosvenor, eds., Myopia and Other Rcfractinc Errors: The Writings of Frank W. Wcymouth and Monroe J. Hirsch. London: Butterworths. 1986b Effect of biofocal lenses on the rate of childhood myopia progression. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 63~2~:135-141. Goss, D.A., and Cox, V.D. 1985 Trends in the change of clinical refractive error in myopia progression. Journal of the American Optometric Association 56~8~:608-613. Goss, D.A., and Criswell, M.H. 1981 Myopia development in experimental animals a literature review. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 58~10~:859-869. Goss, D.A., and Erickson, P.M. 1987 Meridional corneal components of myopia progression in young adults and children. Americarz Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 64:475-481. Goss, D.A., Erickson, P., and Cox, V.D. 1985 Prevalence and pattern of adult myopia progression in a general optometric practice population. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 62~7~:470-477. Goss, D.A., and Winkler, R.L. 1983 Progression of myopia in youth: Age of cessation. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 60(8):651-658. Graham, M.V., and Gray, O.P. 1963 Refraction of premature babies' eyes. British Magical Journal 1:1452-1454. Greene, M.R. 1970 Submarine myopia in the Minutemen. Journal of the American Optometric Association 41:1012-1016. Grosvenor, T. 1970a Refractive state, intelligence test scores and academic ability. American Journal of Optometry Arctics of the American Academy of Optometry 47~5~:355-361. 1970b Refractive error distribution in New Zealand's Polynesian and European children. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 47~9~:673-679. 1977a A longitudinal study of refractive changes between ages 20 and 40 Part 1: Mean changes and distribution curves. Optometric Weekly 68:386-389. 1977b A longitudinal study of refractive changes between ages 20 and 40-Part 2: Changes for individual subjects. Optometric Weekly 68:415-419. 1977c A longitudinal study of refractive changes between ages 20 and 40 Part 3: Statistical analysis of data. Optometric Weekly 68:455-457. 1980 Can myopia be controlled? Part 4: The use of bifocals. Optometric Monthly 71:620-622. 1982 Primary Care Optometry: A Clirucal Manual. Chicago: Professional Press. 1986 Prevalence of Refractive Errors in the Vanuatu Tribe of New Zealand. Unpublished manuscript, University of Houston College of Optometry. 1987 A review and suggested classification system for myopia on the basis of age-related prevalence and age of onset. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 64~7~:545-554.
OCR for page 103
103 Grosvenor, T., Perrigin, D.M., Perrigin, J., and Maslovitz B. 1987 Houston myopia control study: A randomized clinical trial. Part II. Final report by the patient care team. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 64~73:482-498. Guttman, E. 1902 Klinische-statistische beitrage zur aetiologi der hochgradigen kurgsichtigkeit. Albrecht Von Graefcs Archinc~ of Ophthalmology 54:268. Gwiasda, J., Scheiman, M., Mohindra, I., and Held, R. 1984 Astigmatism in children: Changes in axis and amount from birth to six years. Inuc~tigativc Ophthalmology and Vision Scicnecs 25~1~:88-92. Hadlow, H. 1883 Shortsight amongst boys of the Greenwich hospital school. British Mcdical Journal: May 5. Halasa, A.H., and McLaren, D.S. 1964 The refractive state of malnourished children. Archives of Ophthalmology 71:827-831. Hansen, W. 1883 Welche refraction ist in 10 his 15 lebensjahre die vorherrschende. Klinischc Mor~atshlattcr fucr AugenheillundeuridfucrAugenart~ichcFortbildung. 21~5~:196. Harman, N.B. 1936 The findings of eye examinations. British Mcdical Journal 2(suppl.~:214. Hayden, R. 1941 Development and prevention of myopia at the United States Naval Academy. Archaic of Ophthalmology 25 (4) :539-541. Hayden, R., and Goss, O.R. 1940 Visual deficiency incidence at the United States Naval Academy and measures taken for its reduction. U.S. Naval Mcdical Bulletin 38:252-276. Heard, T., Reber, N., Levi, D., and Allen, D. 1976 The refractive status of Zuni Indian children. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 53~3~:120-123. Heinonen, O. 1924 Ueber die refraction bei eineiigen zweillingen, speziell in hinsicht der asymmetrischen falle. Acta Ophthalmolo~ica 2:35-53. 1928 Factors in the development of myopia. Acta Ophthalmologica 6:238-250. 1934 Weitere studier uber die schulmyopie. Acta Ophthalmologica (Copenhagen) 12:110-121. Hess, C. 1903 Die anomalien der refraction und akkommodation des auges. In A. Graefe and T. Saemisch, eds., -Handbuch der gesamten Augenhc~kundc. 2. ea., vol. 8, II. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann. Hess, C., and Diedricks, C. 1894 Skiaskopische schuluntersuchunger. Albrecht Von Graefc~ Archucs of Ophthalmology 29:1-13. Hirsch, M.J. 1950 A skiascopic procedure for visual screening surveys. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of American Academy of Optometry 27~12~:587-591. 1952 The changes in refraction between the ages of 5 and 14, theoretical and practical considerations. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 29:445-459. 1953 Sex differences in the incidence of various grades of myopia. American Journal of Optometry er Archioce of American Academy of Optometry 30~3~:135-138. 1957 The relationship between measles and myopia. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archoc~ of the American Academy of Optometry 34~6~:229-237. 1958 Changes in refractive state after the age of forty-five. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 35~5~:12-21. 1959 The relationship between refractive state of the eye and intelligence test scores. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 36~1~:229-237. 1961 A longitudinal study of refractive state of children during the first six years of school. Americar~ Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of the American Academy of Optometry 38:564-571. 1963 The refraction of children. Pp. 145-172 in M.J. Hirsch and R.E. Wick, eds., Vigor of Children. Philadelphia: Chilton.
OCR for page 104
104 1964a The longitudinal study in refraction. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 41~3~:137-141. 1964b Predictability of refraction at age 14 on the basis of testing at age 6 interim report from the Ojai longitudinal study of refraction. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archivce of the American Academy of Optometry 41(10):567-573. Hirsch, M.J., ed. 1967 Synopsis of the Rcfractioc State of the Eye' a Symposium. American Academy of Optometry Series. Minneapolis, Minn.: Burgess Publishing Company. Hirsch, M.J. and Ditmars, D.L. 1969 Refraction of young myopes and their parents- a reanalysis. American Journal of Optometry Archince of the American Academy of Optometry 46~1~:30-32. Hirsch, M.J., and Levin J.M. 1973 Myopia and dental caries. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archive& of the American Academy of Optometry 50~6~:484-488. Hofstetter, H.W. 1954 Some interrelationships of age, refraction, and rate of refractive change. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 31:161-169. Holm, E. 1925 Investigations of myopia in Danish secondary schools. Acta Ophthalmotogica 3:121-130. Horstmann, 1879 Ueber refractions-verholtnisse van kindern. Klin~che Monat~blac~ter fuer AugenheRkundc und Suer Augenartzlichc Forthildung. Supl. 1884 Die refractions-vrhaltnisse des menschlichen auges his zum sech~ten lebensjahre, her. u.d. Vcr~ammlung d. ophth. gruel. 16, Heidelberg Houston, J.W. 1972 A Comparison of New Cadets at U.S. Military Academy With Entering Freshmen at Other Colleges Class of 1975. IB4.03-72-030. Office of Institutional Research, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York. Howland, H.C., and Sayles, N. 1984 Photorefractive measurements of astigmatism in infants and young children. Inue~igatiue Oph thalmology and Vision Scicncce 25~1~:93-102. Howland, H.C., Atkinson, 3., Braddick, O., and E`rench, J. 1978 Infant astigmatism measure by photorefraction. Scicnec 202(4365~:331-333. Hyams, S.W., Pokotilo, E., and Shkurko, G. 1977 Prevalence of refractive errors in adults over 40: A survey of 8102 eyes. British Journal of Ophthalmology 61:428-432. Hynes, E.A. 1956 Refractive changes in normal young men. Archives of Ophthalmology 56~5~:761-767. Jackson, E. 1932 Norms of refraction. Journal of the American Medical Association 98~2~:132-137. Jaeger, V., ed. 1861 richer die Ein~tcllungen des dioptri~chen. Vienna: Apparates. Jahoda, G. 1962 Refractive errors, intelligence, and social mobility. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 1:96-106. Jain, I.S., and Garg, P.K. 1970 Myopia in relation to prematurity. Journal of the All-India Ophthalmological Society 31~6~:723-728. Jain, I.S., Jain, S., and Mohan, K. 1983 The epidemiology of high myopia~hanging trends. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 31(6):723- 728. Johansen, E.V. 1950 Simple myopia in school boys in relation to body height and weight. Acta Ophthalmologica 28(3):355-361.
OCR for page 105
105 Johnson, G.J., Matthews, A., and Perkins, E.S. 1979 Survey of ophthalmic conditions in a Labrador community. I. Refractive errors. British Journal of Ophthalmology 63:440-448. Jones, C.P. 1908 A study of one hundred refraction cases in Indians fresh from the plains. Journal of the Americar~ Monica] Association 51:308-402. Kalogiera, T. 1979 Refractive error in Yugoslav urban children aged between 3 and 7 years. Child Care, Health and Dcvelopmcnt 5 (6) :439-445. Kanefuji, M. 1953 Correlation among refractive factors. Acta Socictati~ Ophthalmologica Japonica 57:85-97. Kantor, D.W. 1932 Racial aspects of myopia in compositors: racial factors in degree of myopia. British Journal of Ophthalmology (Abstract) 16:45-50. Keller, J.T. 1973 A comparison of the refractive status of myopic children and their parents. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 50~3~:206-211. 1978 Evaluation of the relation between myopia and dental caries. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics. 55 (10) :661-669. Kempf, G.A., Collins, S.D., and Jarman, B.L. 1928 Refractive errors in eyes of children as determined by retinoscopic examination with cycloplegia. Public Health Service, Public Health Bulletin 182. Available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.: Public Health Service. Kent, P.R. 1963 Acquired myopia of maturity. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 40:247-256. Kinney, J.A., Luria, S.M., McKay, C.L., and Ryan, A.P. 1979 Vision of submariners. Ur~dersca BiomcdicalRcscarch (Suppl.) 6:PS163-173. Kinney, J.A., Luria, S.M., Ryan A.P., Schlichting, C.L., and Paulson, H.M. 1980 The vision of submariners and National Guardsmen: A longitudinal study. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optice 57~8~:469-478. Kinney, J.A., Ryan A.P., Luria, S.M., Paulson, H.M., McKay, C.L., and Strauss, M.S. 1974 The Longitudinal Health Study: Visual Characteristics of 750 Submariners. Report No. 800. Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory, Groton, Connecticut. Kronfeld, P.C. 1930 Frequency of astigmatism. Archinc~ of Ophthalmology 4:883-902. Krause, U., Krause, K., and Rantakillio, P. 1982 Sex difference in refractive errors. Acta Ophthalmologica (Copenhagen) 60:917-924. Krueger, D.E., and Ederer, F. 1984 Visual Acuity Impairment Survey Pilot Study. National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. Laatikainen, L., and Erkkila, H. 1980 Refractive errors and other ocular findings in school children. Acta Ophthalmologica 0058~1~:0129- 0136. Langer, M.A. 1966 Changes in Ocular Refraction From Ages 5 to 16. M.S. thesis, Indiana University. Larsen, J.S. 1971a The sagittal growth of the eye. I. Ultrasonic measurement of the depth of the anterior chamber from birth to puberty. Acta Ophthalmologica 49:239-262. 1971b The sagittal growth of the eye. II. Ultrasonic measurement of the axial diameter of the lens and the anterior segment from birth to puberty. Acta Ophthalmologica 49:427-440. 1971c The sagittal growth of the eye. III. Ultrasonic measurement of the posterior segment (axial length of the vitreous) from birth to puberty. Acta Ophthalmologica 49:441-453. 1971d The sagittal growth of the eye. IV. Ultrasonic measurement of the axial length of the eye from birth to puberty. Acta Ophthalmologica 49:873-886.
OCR for page 106
106 Law, F.W. 1935 The refractive error of twins. British Journal of Ophthalmology 19:99-101. Lecaillon-Thibon, B. 1981 Long-term follow-up studies of myopia. Documents Opthalmologica Proceedings Strict 28:29-32. Leffertstra, L.J. 1977 Vergleichende unter~uchungen auf unterschiedliche refraktionsanderungen beider augen bei pa- tienten mit strabismus convergent. Klinischc Monat~blacttcr fucr Augenheillundc under fucr Augc- nar~ichc Fortbildung. 170:74-79. Leibowitz, H.W., and Owens, D.A. 1978 New evidence for the intermediate position of relaxed accommodation. Documcnta Ophthalmologica 46:133-147. Lepard, C.W. 1975 Comparative changes in the error of refraction between fixing and amblyopic eyes during growth and development. American Journal of Ophthalmology 80:485-490. Li, T.M. 1920 Practical considerations in refraction. National Medical Journal of China 6:108-113. Linder, K. 1944 Ueber den einduss van umwelt und vererbung auf die entstehung der schulmyopie. Von Graefc~ Archiv fucr Klini~chc und E~perimcntcllc Opthalmologic. 146:336-376. 1947 The influence of environment and heredity in the origin of 'school' myopia. Wiener Klini~chc Wocher'mchnft (Vienna) 59~52~867-868. 1949 Gedanken uber den vorgang der myopischen dehnung und seine hintanhaltung. Albrecht Von Graefce Archioce of Ophthalmology 149:293-317. Livingston, P.E. 1946 Ocular disturbances associated with malnutrition. IFan~actions of the Ophthalmological Society of the United Kingdom 19-43. Lledo, M. 1976 Refraction in premature infants (in Spanish). Archive do la Sociedad E~panola do Oftalmologia. 36:915-920. Loring, E.G. 1877 Is the human eye changing its form under the influence of modern education? lFaruaction~ of the International Medical Congrce~. 1876. Printed for the Congress, 1877. Luckeish, M., and Moss, F. 1939 Ocular changes in school children during the fifth and sixth grades. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 16:443-449. 1940 Functional adaptation to near vision. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:352-356. Maddock, R.J., Millodot, M., Leat, S., and Johnson, C.A. 1981 Accommodative responses and refractive error. Inucetigativc Ophthalmology and Visual Scicnec 20:387-391. Manna, F., and Mackiewicz, B. 1976 Refraction of the eyes of children with congenital anomalies of bite conditioned by deformation of the alveolar arch of the maxilla (in Polish). Klinika Oczna 46~4~:407-410. Mantyjarvi, M.I. 1983 Incidence of myopia in a population of Finnish school children. Acta Ophthalmologica 61~3~:417- 423. 1985a Predicting of myopia progression in school children. Journal of Podiatric Ophthalmology and Strabi~mw 22~2~:71-75. 1985b Changes of refraction in school children. Archives of Ophthalmology 103:790-792. Marchesani, O. 1935 Hochgradige myopic bei eineiigen zwillingen. Klini~chc Monat`blacttcr fucr Augenheillundc und fuer A?~genart~ichc Fortbilding 94:97-98. Matsuo, C. 1965 Studies on spectacles correcting corneal astigmatism for the prevention of progress in myopia. Report III. On the change in ocular refraction under the wearing of spectacles correcting corneal astigmatism. Acta Soc. Ophthalmology Japonicac 69:165-180.
OCR for page 107
107 McBrien, N.A. 1986 Unpublished dissertation, Department of Optometry, Institute of Science and Technology, University of Wales, Cardiff. McBrien, N.A., and Millodot, M. 1987 The relationship between tonic accommodation and refractive error. Inucstigatioc Ophthalmology and Visual Scicnec 28~6) :997-1004. McIlroy, J., and Hamilton, R. 1932 Investigation into Increase and Progress of Myopia in Children. London County Council Report 4~3~:690. McLaren, D.S. 1960 Nutrition and eye disease in East Africa, experience in lake and central provinces, Tanganyika. Journal of Topical Mcdicinc and Hygiene 63:101-122. McNeil, N.L. 1955 Patterns of visual defects in children. British Journal of Ophthalmology 39:688-701. Mogilevchik, ~ A.Z., and Bondareva, A.F. 1970 State of refraction in juveniles of city of Minsk. Zdr Bclloru`e 16:42. Mohindra, I. 1977 A non-cycloplegic refraction technique for infants and young children. Journal of the American Optometric Association 48~4) :518-523. Mohindra, I., and Held, R. 1981 Refraction in humans from birth to five years. Documcnta Ophthalmologica Proceedings Scrics 28:19-27. Mohindra, I., Held, R., Gwiazda, J., and Brill S. 1978 Astigmatism in infants. Science 202~4365~:329-331. Morgan, M.W., Jr. 1958 Changes in refraction over a period of twenty years in a non-visually selected sample. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 35~6~:281-299. 1960 The change in ametropia with age. Canadian Journal of Optometry 22:83-88. Morgan, R.W., and Munro, M. 1973 Refractive problem in northern natives. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology 8~2) :226-228. Mukherji, R., and Seal, S.C. 1979 An epidemiological study of refractive errors among college students in Calcutta. Journal of the Indian Medical Association 73~9-10~:159-164. Myselevich, A. 1935 Constitution, myopia, and vocation. Sorrct~ku Vista. Ophthalmology 7:240-248. Nadell, M.C. 1954 Socio-cultural Factors Related to the Incidence of Refractive Errors. Ph.D. dissertation, Univer- sity of Southern California. Reported in American Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of the American Academy of Optometry 34~10) :523-536, 1957. Nadell, M.C., and Hirsch, M.J. 1958 The relationships between intelligence and the refractive state in a selected school sample. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 35:321-326. Nakamura, Y. 1954 Postwar ophthalmology in Japan. American Journal of Ophthalmology 38:413. Nastri, G., Perugini, G.C., Savastano, S., Polsella, A., and Sbordone, G. 1984 The evolution of refraction in the fixing and the amblyopic eye. Documcnta OpEthalmologica 56~3~:265-274. Nicati, 1879 La myopic dens les ecoles de Marseille. Gaecitc Hcbdomcdairc do Mcdicinc Paris. Nolan, J.A. 1964 Progress of myopia with contact lenses. Contacto 8:25-26. Norris, W.F. 1885 Some remarks in asthenopia and the changes in refraction in adolescent and adult eyes. Ikansaction~ of the American Ophthalmology Society 4:369-375.
OCR for page 108
108 Oakley, K.H., and Young, F.A. 1975 Bifocal control of myopia. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 52:758-764. O'Neal, M.R., and Cannon, T.R. 1986 Refractive Error Change at the United States Air Force Academy - Class of 1985. AAMRL TR-86-026 Technical Report. O'Neal, M.R., and Cannon, T.R. 1987 Refractive error change at the United States Air Force Academy - class of 1985. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 64(5):344-354. Otsuka, J. 1956 Genesis of myopia. Bulletin of the Tokyo Medical and Dental University 3~1~:1-24. 1967 Research on the etiology and treatment of myopia. Acta Soc. Ophthalmology Jap. 55:100. Otsuka, J. and Kanefuji, M. 1951 The relationship between axial length and the power of the lens in myopia. Acta Soc. Ophthalmology Jap. 55:100. Owens, D.A. 1985 Near work and myopia: A longitudinal study of accommodative tonus and refractive error. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 62:64. Owens, D.A., and Harris, D. 1986 Oculomotor adaptation and the development of myopia. ARVO Abstracts. Paritsis, N., Sarafidou, E., Koliopoulas, J., and Trichopoulos, D. 1983 Epidemiologic research on the role of studying and urban environment in the development of myopia during school-age years. Annals of Ophthalmology 15~11~:1061-1065. Parnell, R.W. 1951 Sight of undergraduates. British Journal of Ophthalmology 35:467-472. Peckham, C.S., Gardiner, P.A., and Goldstein, H. 1977 Acquired myopia in 11-year-old children. British Medical Journal 1:542-544. Pendse, G.S., and Bhave, B. 1951 Preliminary note on study of the refractive state with special reference to myopia. Archives of Ophthalmology 45:168. Pense, G.S., Bhave, L.S., and Dandenkar, V.M. 1954 Refraction in relation to age and sex. Archives of Ophthalmology 52:404-412. Peters, H.B. 1961 The relationship between refractive error and visual acuity at three age levels. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry. P6uger 1875 Untersuchung der augen van 529 lehrern. Klinischc Monatshlacitcr fuer Augenheillunde und fuer Augenart2]ichc Fortbildung. 13:324. Popov, M. 1931 Russian Ophthalmology Journal 14:88. Priestley-Smith, 1890 Shortsight in relation to education. 17ran~action~ of the Ophthalmology Society of the United Kir~gdo m 10:68-72. Proskauer, T. 1891 Ein beitrag zur myopiestatistik. Albrecht Con Graefe~ Archioc~ of Ophthalmology 37:199-219 Provines, W.F., Woessner, W.M., Rahe, A.J., and Tredici, T.J. 1983 The incidence of refractive anomalies in the USAF rated population. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 54~7) :622-627. Rabin, J., Van Sluyters, R.C., and Malach, R. 1981 Emmetropization: A vision-dependent phenomenon. Inuc~tigatioc Ophthalmology and Vision Science 20:561-564. Randall, B.E. 1885a A study of the eyes on medical students. Inaction of the Pennsylvania State Medical Society. 1885b The refraction of the human eye. American Journal of Medical Science 90:123.
OCR for page 109
109 Rasmussen, O.D. 1936 Incidence of myopia in China. British Journal of Ophthalmology 20:350-360. 1948 Myopia in England and Scotland. Optical Journal and Review of Optometry 85~16~:41-46. 1954 Success in myopia control. OpticalJourr~alandRcuiew of Optometry 111:33-34. Reed, J.G. 1947 Ocular symptoms in prisoners of war in Sumatra. IParuactione of the Royal Society of Topical Medicine arid Hygiene 40~4~:411-420. Rengstorff, R.H. 1972 Spectacles and contact lenses: A survey of military trainees. Military Mcdicir~c 137~1~:13-14. Reuss, A.V. 1881 Augen-untersuchungen an zwei wiener volksschulen. Wicncrc Mod. Priest No. 7 and 8. Richler, A., and Bear, J.C. 1980a The distribution of refraction in three isolated communities in Western Newfoundland. Americarz Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 57~11~:861-871. 1980b Refraction, nearwork and education. A population study in Newfoundland. Acta Ophthalmologica 58~3~:458-478. Riffenburgh, R.S. 1965 Onset of myopia in the adult. American Journal of Ophthalmology 59:925-926. Risley, S.D. 1881 Weak eyes in public schools of Philadelphia. lian~actior" of the Pcnruylvania State Medical Society: 789. 1885 Three additional cases of hypermetropic refraction, passing while under observation into myopia. Inaction of the American Ophthalmology Society 4:102-106. Roberts, J., and Rowland, M. 1978 Refraction status and motility defects of persons 4-74, United States, 1971-1972. Vital Health Statistics 11~206~:1-124. Publication No. (PHS) 78-1654. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Roberts, J., and Slaby, D. 1974 Refraction status of youths 12-17 years, United States. Vital Health Statistics 11~148~:1-55. Roberts, W.L., and Banford, R.D. 1967 Evaluation of bifocal correction technique in juvenile myopia. Optometric Wcc/dy 58~38~:25-28, 58(39~:21-30, 58(40~:23-28, 58(41~:27-34, 58(43~:19-24, 26. Rosenberg, T., and Goldschmidt, E. 1981 The onset and progression of myopia in Danish school children. Documer~ta OpAthalmologica Proceedings Series 28:33-39. Rosner, M. and Belkin, M. 1987 Intelligence, education, and myopia in males. Archives of Ophthalmology 105:1508-1511. Sander, N. 1920 Influence of diseases in children on progressive myopia. Arctic d'OpEthalmologic 37:290-298. Sato, T. 1957 1964 The Causes and Prevention of Acquired Myopia. Tokyo: Kanehara Shuppan Co., Ltd. Acquired Myopia. First International Conference on Myopia, New York. Myopia Research Foundation. 1965 Discussion on myopia in Japan. Transaction of the Ophthalmology Society of New Zealand 17:109. Saunders, H. 1981 Age-dependence of human refractive errors. Ophthalmic Physiological Optics 1~3~:159-174. 1984 Age-dependence of-human refractive errors. Ophthalmic Physiological Optics 4:281. 1985 Prognosis of refractive corrections. Ophthalmic Physiological Opus 5:391-395. 1986a A longitudinal study of the age dependence of human ocular refraction I. Age-dependence of the equivalent sphere. Ophthalmic Physiological Optics 6:39-46. 1986b A longitudinal study of the age dependence of human ocular refraction II. Prediction of future trends in medium and high myopia by means of cluster analysis. Ophthalmic Physiological Optics 6~2~:177-186.
OCR for page 110
110 Schadow, 1883 Die augen der schulkinder borkems. Kliru~chc Monat~blacttcr fucr Auger~heilk?`r~dc und fucr A?~ger~art- zlichc Fortbildung. 2 1 (4~: 1 5 0. Schapero, M., and Hirsch, M.J. 1952 The relationship of refractive error and Guilford-Martin temperament test scores. American Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of the American Academy of Optometry 29~1~:32-36. Scharf, J., Zonis, S., and Zeltzer, M. 1975 Refraction in Israeli premature babies. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology 12:193-196. Scheerer, R. 1928 Zur entwicklungsgeschichtlichen auffassung der brechzustande des auges. Dcut~chc Ophthalmolo- gi~chc Gc~cll~chaft Heidelberg 47:118-127. Schell, K., Sewell, L., Huey, S., and Anzalone, L. 1986 Determination of Ocular Components Contributing to Myopia and Myopic Progression in Adulthood. Thesis, University of California School of Optometry, Berkeley. Schmerl, E. 1949 Higher refractive anomalies; their frequency in different groups and countries. Americar~ Journal of Ophthalmology 32~4~:561-565. Schultz, L.B. 1960 Personality and physical variables as related to refractive errors. American Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of the American Academy of Optometry 37~11~:551-571. Schurmayer, J.H. 1856 Handbuch dermcdicini~chenpolisci, 2d ed. Erlangen. Schuster, 1911 Biometnka 8:40. Schwartz, I., and Andberg, N. 1954 The Effect of Time in Submarine Service on Vision. U.S. Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Aug. 30 Medical Research Lab Report #253. Seggel, S. 1878 Die xunahmc der kurzeichtigicit an den hohercn untcric~`ansta~ten. Stuttgart: F. Enke. 1884 Ueber normal sehscharfe und die beziehung der sehscharfe zur refraction. Von Graefes Archives of Ophthalmology 30~2~:69-140. Septon, R.D. 1984 Myopia among optometry students. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 61 (12~:745-751. Shapiro, A., Stollman, E.B., and Merin, S. 1982a Do sex, ethnic origin or environment affect myopia? Acta Ophthalmologica 60~5~:803-808. 1982b Myopia and career choice. Aerials of Ophthalmology 14~12~:1156-1158. Shotwell, A.J. 1981 Plus lenses, prisms, and bifocal effects on myopia progression in military students. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 58~5~:349-354. 1984 Plus lenses, prisms, and bifocal effects on myopia progression in military students. Part II. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 61~2~:112-117. Simonelli, N.M. 1983 The dark focus of the human eye and its relationship to age and visual defect. Human Factors 25 :85-92. Skeller, E. 1954 Anthropological and ophthalmological studies on the Angmagssalik Eskimos. Thesis, University of Copenhagen. Slataper, F.J. 1950 Age norms of refraction and vision. Architect of Ophthalmology 43:466-481. Smith, D.A., and Woodruff, M.F.A. 1951 Deficiency diseases in Japanese prison camps. Medical Research Council, Special Report Service No. 274, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Smith, P. 1880 Shortsight in relation to education. Birmingham.
OCR for page 111
111 Sander 1920 Sorsby, A. 1932 School myopia. British Journal of Ophthalmology 16:217-224. 1933 Race, Sex, and Environment in the Development of Myopia. LCC Report, Vol. IV, Part II, London. 1979 Biology of the eye as an optical system. In Clinical Ophthalmology, Vol. 1, T.D. Duane, ed. Philadelphia: Harper & Row. Sorsby, A., Benjamin, B., Davey, B.J., Sheridan, M., and Tanner, J.M. 1957 Emmetropia and Its Aberrations. Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 293. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Sorsby, A., Benjamin, B., and Sheridan, M. 1961 Refraction and its components during the growth of the eye from the age of three. Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 301. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Sorsby, A., Benjamin, B., and Yudkin, J. 1955 Incidence of defects in visual function in children and adults. British Journal of Preucr~tioc arid Social Medicine 9(~1~. Sorsby, A., and Leary, G.A. 1970 A Longitudinal Study of Refraction and Its Components During Growth. Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 309. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Sorsby, A., Sheridan, M., and Leary, G.A. 1962 Refraction and its components in twins. Medical Research Council, Special Report Series No. 303. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Sorsby, A., Sheridan, M., Leary, G.A., and Benjamin, B. 1960 Vision, visual acuity and ocular refraction of young men. British Medical Journal 1:1394-1398. Sourasky, A. 1928 Race, sex, and environment in the development of myopia (preliminary investigation). British Journal of Ophthalmology 12:197-224. Sperduto, R.D., Seigel, D., Roberts, J., and Rowland, M. 1983 Prevalence of myopia in the United States. Architect of Ophthalmology 101~3~:405-407. Steiger, A. 1913 Die Ent~tchung der Spharuchen Rcfraktionen Tie Mcn~chlichen Augcs. Berlin: S. Karger. Stromberg, E. 1936 Uber refraction and A~ch~enlduge des menschlichen Auges. Acta Ophthalmologica 14:281-291. Sutton, M.R., and Ditmars, D.L. 1970 Vision problems at West Point. Journal of the American Optometric Association 41 (3) :263-265. Tamura, K. 1932 An experimental examination concerning the etiology of myopia. Acta Soc. Ophth. Jap. 36:17. Tassm an, I.S. 1932 Frequency of the various kinds of refractive errors. American Journal of Ophthalmology 15:1044- 1053. Taylor, H.R. 1980 Racial variations in vision. American Journal of Epidemiology 113~1~:62. 1982 Author's reply to letters to the editor. American Journal of Epidemiology 115~1~:139-142. Thompson E. 1919 Some statistics of myopia in school children with remarks thereon. British Journal of Ophthalmology 3:303-310. Tokoro, T., and Kabe, S. 1964 Treatment of myopia and the changes in optical components. Report I. Topical application of neosynephrine and tropicamide. Acta Soc. Ophthalmol. Japorucac 68:1958-1961. 1965 Treatment of myopia and the changes in optical components. Report II. Full- or under-correction of myopia by glasses. Acta Soc. OpEthalmol. Japonicac 69:140-144. Tokoro, T., and Suzuki, K. 1968 Significance of changes of refractive components to development of myopia during seven years. Acta Soc. Ophthalmol. Japomcac 72:1472-1477. T. Influence of disease in children on progressive myopia. Archives of Ophthalmology 37:290-298.
OCR for page 112
112 1969 Changes in ocular refractive components and development of myopia during seven years. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 13~1):27-34 (in English). Tscherning, M. 1882 Studier over myopias actiolo~i. Copenhagen: C. Myhre. 1883 Studien uber die aetiologie der myopic. Con Graefc~ Archioc~ of Ophthalmology 29~2~:201-272. Undgren, P.G. 1953 Myopia in secondary schools of Sweden. Nord Munich 50:1582-1587. U.S. Department of Education 1981 Trends in number of public and private high school graduates and as percent of 18-year old population: 1970-71 to 1992-93. In Public High School Graduates, ~g80-~. National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, D.C. Van Alphen, G.W.H.M. 1952 A comparative psychological investigation in myopes and emmetropes. Proc. K. Nederl, Akad. Wet. 55~5~:689-696. 1961 On emmetropia and ametropia. Ophthalmologica 142 (Suppl.~. 1967 Emmetropia and ametropia. In Rcfractioc Anomalies of the Eye. NINDS Monograph 5. Sub- committee on Vision and Its Disorders, Bethesda, Md.: U.S. National Advisory Neurological Diseases and Blinding Council. Van Anrooy, 1884 De oogen der studenten can te rijks-Universiteit te Leiden. Inaug. Diss., Leyden. van Jaeger, E. 1861 Ueber die einstellung des dioptrischen apparates im. menschlichen auge. L.W. Seidel u Sohn, U.V. Wasson Wien. van Reuss, A.L. 1877 Untersuchungen uber die optischen constanten ametropischer Augen, Archives of Ophthalmology 23~4~:183-268. Vogt, A. 1924 Zur Genese der spharischen Refraktionen. Bcr. atech ophthal. Gee. 44:67. Walton, W.G. 1950 Refractive Findings of 1,000 patients from a municipal home for the indigent. American Journal of Optometry ~ Architect of American Academy of Optometry 38~2~149-160. Ware, James 1813 Observations relative to the near and distant sight of different persons. Philosoph. SItar". Royal Socicly, I~ndon, 1:31. Weale, R.A. 1983 Ocular anatomy and refraction. Documents Ophthalmologica Proceedings Scrips. 65 (4) :361-374. Wick, B., and Crane S. 1976 A vision profile of American Indian children. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 53~1~:34-40. Wiesel, T.N., and Raviola, E. 1977 Myopia and eye enlargement after neonatal lid fusion in monkeys. Nature 266:66-68. 1979 Increase in axial length of the Macaque monkey eye after corneal opacification. Investigative Ophthalmology and Vision Scicnecs 1 8: 1232- 1236 . Witte, O. 1923 Zur myopiefrage. Zcitachrififur Augenbeilk 51:163-180. Woodruff, M.E., and Samek, M.J. 1976 The refractive status of Belcher Island Eskimos. Canadian Journal of Public Health 67~4) :314-320. 1977 A study of prevalence of spherical equivalent refractive states and anismoetropia in American populations in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Public Health 68~5) :414-424. Yamamoto, M., Tatsugami, H., and Bun, J. 1979 A follow-up study of refractive error in premature infants. Japanc~c Journal of Ophthalmology 23:435-443. Young, F.A. 1955 Myopes versus non myopes a comparison. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 32 (4) :180-191.
OCR for page 113
113 1963 Reading, measures of intelligence and refractive errors. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archives of the American Academy of Optometry 40(5):257-264. 1967 Myopia and personality. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archioc~ of the American Academy of Optometry 44~3~:192-201. Young, F.A., Beattie, R.J., Newby, F.J., and Swindal, M.T. 1954a The Pullman study a visual survey of Pullman school children Part I. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archivce of the American Academy of Optometry 31~3~:111-121. 1954b The Pullman study- a visual survey of Pullman school children Part II. American Journal of Optometry ~ Archince of the American Academy of Optometr1' 31(4):192-203. Young, F.A., Leary, G.A., Baldwin, W.R., and West, D.C. 1969 The transmission of refractive errors within Eskimo families. American Journal of Optometry 46:676-685. Young, F.A., Leary, G.A., Baldwin, W.R., West., D.C., Box, R.A., Goo, F.J., and Johnson, C. 1970 Refractive errors, reading performance, and school achievement among Eskimo children. Ameri- can Journal of Optometry ~ Archaic of the American Academy of Optometry 47(5):384-390. Young, F.A., Baldwin, W.R., Leary, G.A., West, D.C., Box, R.A., Harris, E., and Johnson, C. 1971 Comparison of cycloplegic and noncycloplegic refraction of Eskimos. American Journal of Optom, ctry ~ Archinc~ of the American Academy of Optometry 48:814-825. Zadnik, K.S., and Mutti, D.O. 1987 Refractive error changes in law students. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 64(7):558-561.
Representative terms from entire chapter: