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SECTION I--SUMMARY have not considered motorcycles as a user of the transportation infrastructure. For example, traffic signal systems frequently include the use of sensors embedded in the pavement to detect the presence of a left-turning vehicle. The sensors, however, are often unable to detect the presence of a motorcycle, thus causing the motorcycle rider to wait until another vehicle enters the left-turn lane, or violate traffic code and make an unauthorized left turn. Motorcycles should be included in the development and implementation of ITS. The last objective deals with motorcycle crash data. In order to properly understand the particular safety problems related to motorcycle use, there must be an improvement in motorcycle traffic research and motorcycle crash data analysis. Historically, roadway safety studies have often neglected to include motorcyclists as an individual roadway user group and develop motorcycle-specific safety strategies that may be outside of the general motor vehicle safety umbrella. Strategies designed to fulfill these objectives are presented in Exhibit I-1. Target of the Objectives The objectives contained in this guide are intended to target a variety of issues and a broad audience. Because motorcycle safety cannot be pinpointed on one controlling factor, neither can the responsibility of providing this safety fall upon the shoulders of one group of EXHIBIT I-1 Emphasis Area Objectives and Strategies Objectives Strategies 11.1 A Incorporate motorcycle-friendly 11.1 A1 Provide full paved shoulders to accommodate roadside roadway design, traffic control, motorcycle recovery and breakdowns construction, and maintenance policies and practices 11.1 A2 Consider motorcycles in the selection of roadside barriers 11.1 A3 Identify pavement markings, surface materials, and other treatments that reduce traction for motorcycles and treat or replace with high-traction material 11.1 A4 Maintain the roadway to minimize surface irregularities and discontinuities 11.1 A5 Maintain roadway surfaces in work zones to facilitate safe passage of motorcycles 11.1 A6 Reduce roadway debris such as gravel, shorn treads, snow and ice control treatments (sand/salt), and that resulting from uncovered loads from the roadway and roadside 11.1 A7 Provide advance warning signs to alert motorcyclists of reduced traction and irregular roadway surfaces 11.1 A8 Incorporate motorcycle safety considerations into routine roadway inspections 11.1 A9 Provide a mechanism for notifying highway agencies of roadway conditions that present a potential problem to motorcyclists I-4
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SECTION I--SUMMARY EXHIBIT I-1 (Continued) Emphasis Area Objectives and Strategies Objectives Strategies 11.1 B Reduce the number of 11.1 B1 Increase motorcyclist awareness of the risks of impaired motorcycle crashes due to rider motorcycle operation impairment 11.1 B2 Expand existing impairment prevention programs to include motorcycle riders and specific motorcycle events 11.1 B3 Target law enforcement to specific motorcycle rider impairment behaviors that have been shown to contribute to crashes 11.1 C Reduce the number of 11.1 C1 Increase awareness of the causes of crashes due to motorcycle crashes due to unlicensed unlicensed or untrained motorcycle riders or untrained motorcycle riders 11.1 C2 Ensure that licensing and rider training programs adequately teach and measure skills and behaviors required for crash avoidance 11.1 C3 Identify and remove barriers to obtaining a motorcycle endorsement 11.1 D Increase the visibility of 11.1 D1 Increase the awareness of the benefit of high-visibility motorcyclists clothing 11.1 D2 Identify and promote rider visibility-enhancement methods and technology 11.1 E Reduce the severity of 11.1 E1 Increase the use of FMVSS 218 compliant helmets motorcycle crashes 11.1 E2 Increase the use of protective clothing 11.1 F Increase motorcycle rider 11.1 F1 Form strategic alliances with motorcycle user community to safety awareness foster and promote motorcycle safety 11.1 F2 Increase awareness of the consequences of aggressive riding, riding while fatigued or impaired, unsafe riding, and poor traffic strategies 11.1 F3 Educate operators of other vehicles to be more conscious of the presence of motorcyclists 11.1 G Increase safety enhancements 11.1 G1 Include motorcycles in the research, development and for motorcyclists deployment of ITS 11.1 H Improve motorcycle safety 11.1 H1 Develop and implement standardized data gathering and research, data and analysis reporting for motorcycle crashes 11.1 H2 Include motorcycle attributes in vehicle exposure data collection programs 11.1 H3 Develop a set of analysis tools for motorcycle crashes I-5
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SECTION I--SUMMARY professionals. It is thus appropriate that this guide provide objectives that are far-reaching and that encompass many areas of expertise. Meaningful progress toward accomplishing the above objectives will be achieved only with the cooperation and involvement of all stakeholders--licensing agencies, motorcycle riders, roadway designers, law enforcement, and legislators--with all stakeholders taking responsibility for implementing those strategies within their area of responsibility. By working together, everyone will work towards the objective of this effort, which is to reduce the number of motorcycle injuries and fatalities. I-6