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42 References 1. Boyle, D.K., TCRP Synthesis 29: Passenger Counting Ownership in Land Passenger Transport 9th Interna- Technologies and Procedures, Transportation Research tional Conference (R. Macario, J.M. Viegas, & D.A. Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., Hensher, eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1998. 2007, pp. 577587. 2. Baltes, M.R. and J.R. Rey, "The `Ins and Outs' of APCs: 11. Bertini, R.L. and A. El-Geneidy, "Generating Transit An Overview of Automatic Passenger Counters," Jour- Performance Measures with Archived Data," Transpor- nal of Public Transportation, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1999, pp. tation Research Record 1841, Transportation Research 4764. Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 109119. 3. Rakebrandt, A., "Transit Tracking: Automatic Passen- ger Counting Systems and Tracking Ridership," Mass 12. Paliska, D. and J. Kolenc, "Analyzing the Effect of Pas- Transit, Vol. 33, No. 1, Feb. 2007, pp. 2834. senger-Requested Unscheduled Stops on Demand," Pro- 4. Jasmin, T. and J. Vicente, "Advanced Transportation met Traffic Traffico, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2007, pp. 213220. Management System: A Metro `Smart' Bus System," 13. Golani, H., "Use of Archived Bus Location, Dispatch, 2005 Bus and Paratransit Conference Proceedings, and Ridership Data for Transit Analysis," Transporta- American Public Transportation Association, Washing- tion Research Record 1992, Transportation Research ton, D.C., 2005. Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 5. Furth, P.G., B. Hemily, T.H.J. Muller, and J.G. Strath- 2007, pp. 101112. man, "Using Archived AVLAPC Data to Improve 14. Strathman J.G., T.J. Kimpel, and S. Callas, Headway Transit Performance and Management," Transit Coop- Deviation Effects on Bus Passenger Loads: Analysis of erative Research Program Report 113, Transportation TriMet's Archived AVLAPC Data, TransNow/Univer- Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- sity of Washington, Seattle, Jan. 2003. ton, D.C., 2006. 15. Kimpel, T.J., J.G. Strathman, D. Griffin, S. Callas, and 6. Furth, P.G., B. Hemily, T.H.J. Muller, and J.G. Strath- R.L. Gerhart, "Automatic Passenger Counter Evalua- man, "Uses of Archived AVLAPC Data to Improve tion: Implications for National Transit Database Transit Performance and Management: Review and Reporting," Transportation Research Record 1835, Potential," TCRP Web Document 23 (appendices to Transportation Research Board, National Research TCRP Report 113), 2003 [Online]. Available: gulliver. Council, Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 93100. trb.org/publications/tcrp/tcrp_webdoc_23.pdf. 16. Dueker K.J., T.J. Kimpel, J.G. Strathman, and S. Callas, 7. Furth, P.G., J.G. Strathman, G. James, and B. Hemily, "Determinants of Bus Dwell Time," Journal of Public "Making Automatic Passenger Counts Mainstream: Transportation, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2004, pp. 2140. Accuracy, Balancing Algorithms, and Data Structures," Transportation Research Record 1927, Transportation 17. Rajbhandari, R, S.I. Chien, and J.R. Daniel, "Estimation Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- of Bus Dwell Times with Automatic Passenger Counter ton, D.C., 2005, pp. 207216. Information," Transportation Research Record 1841, Transportation Research Board, National Research 8. Hammerle, M., M. Haynes, and S. McNeil, "Use of Council, Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 120127. Automatic Vehicle Location and Passenger Count Data to Evaluate Bus Operations: Experience of the Chicago 18. Hwang M, J. Kemp, E. Lerner-Lam, N. Neuerberg, and Transit Authority, Illinois," Transportation Research P. Okunieff, Advanced Public Transportation Systems: Record 1903, Transportation Research Board, National The State of the Art Update 2006, Federal Transit Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2005, pp. 2734. Administration, Washington, D.C., 2006 [Online]. Available: www.fta.dot.gov/documents/APTS_State_ 9. Herrscher, K., "How Data Warehouse Technology of_the_Art.pdf. Enables Transit Agencies to Make Informed Decisions with Superior Data," 2006 Bus and Paratransit Confer- 19. Chen, M., J. Yaw, S.I. Chien, and X. Liu, "Using Auto- ence, American Public Transportation Association, matic Passenger Counter Data in Bus Arrival Time Pre- Washington, D.C., 2006. diction," Journal of Advanced Transportation, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2007, pp. 267283. 10. Nokel, K. and K. Schweiger, "Closing the Loop: Feed- ing Back Operational Performance Indicators into Sup- 20. Chien, S.I., M. Chen, and X. Liu, Use of Neural Net- ply Planning and Quality Control," in Competition and work/Dynamic Algorithms to Predict Bus Travel Times

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