Click for next page ( 100


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 99
References ! Aaby, P., J. Bukh, I.M. Lisse, and A.J. Smits 1984 Overcrowding and intensive exposure as detemunants of measles mortality. American Journal of Epidemiology 120(1):49-63. Affandi, G., S.S.I. Santoso, Djajadilaga, W. Hadisaputra, P.A. Moeloek, J. Prihartono, F. Lubis, and R.S. Samil 1987 Pregnancy after removal of Norplant. implants contraceptive. Contraception 36(2):203- 209. Aitken, I.W., and B. Walls 1986 Maternal height and cephalopelvic disproportion in Sierra Leone. Tropical Doctor 16(3):132-134. Alauddin, M. 1987 Maternal mortality in rural Bangladesh: The Tangail District. Studies in Family Planning 17(1):13-21. Arkutu, A.A. 1978 A clinical study of maternal age and parturition in 2791 Tanzanian pri~r~iparae. Interna- tional Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 16(1):2~23. Bain C., C.H. Hennekens, F.E. Speizer, B. Rosner, W. Willett, and C. Belanger 1982 Oral contraceptive use and malignant melanoma. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 68(4):537-539. Bairagi, R. 1986 Food crisis, nutntion, and female children in rural Bangladesh. Population and Develop- ment Review 12(2):307-315. Barlow, D. 1977 We condom and gonorrhea. The Lancet 2:811-812. Bean, Lee L., Geraldine P. Mineau, and Douglas L. Anderton 1987 Reproductive Behavior and Child Survival Among Nineteenth-Century Mo''nons. Paper prepared for the Working Group on the Health Consequences of Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility. Committee on Population, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Beral, V., S. Evans, H. Shaw, and G. Milton 1984 Oral contraceptive use and malignant melanoma in Australia. British Journal of Cancer 50(5):68 1 -685. 99

OCR for page 99
1 00 REFERENCES Beral, V., P. Hannaford, and C. Kay 1988 Oral contraceptive use and malignancies of the genital tract. The Lancet 2:1331-1335. Bhatia, J.C. 1985 Maternal Mortality in Anantapur District, India: Preliminary Findings of a Study. WHO FHE/PMM/85.9.16. WHO Interregional Meeting on Prevention of Matemal Mortality, Geneva, 11-15 November. Bhaha, S., S. Becker, and YJ. Kim 1987 The effect of oral contraceptive acceptance on fertility in the postpartum period. Interna- tional Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 25(Suppl): 1 -11. Bhiwandiwala, P.P., S.D. Mumford, and PJ. Feldblum 1983 Menstrual pattern changes following laparoscopic sterilization with different occlusion techniques: A review of 10,004 cases. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 145(6):684-694. Bijur, P., J. Golding, and M. Kurzon 1988 Childhood accidents, family size, and birth order. Social Science and Medicine 26(8):839- 843. Boerma, J.T., and H.A.W. van Vianen 1984 Birth interval, mortality and growth of children in a rural area of Kenya. Journal of Biosocial Science 16(4):475-486. Bongaarts, J. 1987 Does family planning reduce infant mortality rates? Population and Development Review 13(2):323-334. 1988 Does family planning reduce infant mortality rates?: Reply. Population and Development Review 14(1):188-190. Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program 1974 Surgically confirmed gallbladder disease, versus thromboembolism, and breast tumors in relation to postmenopausal estrogen therapy. NewEngland Journal of Medicine 2(290):15- 19. Bray, R.S., and M.J. Anderson 1979 Falciparum malaria and pregnancy. Transactions of the Royal Society of Medicine and Hygiene 73:427-431. Bnnton, L.A., G.R. Huggins, H.F. Lehman, K. Mallin, D.A. Savitz, E. Trapido, J. Rosenthal, and R. Hoover 1986 Long-tem, use of oral contraceptives and risk of invasive cervical cancer. International Journal of Cancer 38(3):339-344. Brinton, L.A., M.P. Vessey, R. Flavel, and D. Yeates 1981 Risk factors for benign breast disease. American Journal of Epidemiology 113(3):203- 214. Cantrelle, P., and H. Leridon 1971 Breastfeeding, mortality in childhood and fertility in a rural zone of Senegal. Population Studies 25(3):505-533. Casterline, J.B., and J. T'ussell 1980 Age at First Birth. World Fertility Survey Comparative Studies No. 15. Voorburg, Netherlands: International Statistical Institute. Celentano, D.D., A.C. Klassen, C.S. Weissman, and B. Rosenstein 1987 The role of contraceptive use in cervical cancer: The Maryland cervical cancer case- control study. American Journal of Epidemiology l 26(4):592~4. Centers for Disease Control 1987 Antibody to human immunodeficiency virus in female prostitutes. Morbidity and Mortal- iiy Weekly Report 36(11):157-161. 1988 Condoms for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 37(9):133-137. Centers for Disease Control and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study) 1986 Oral-contraceptive use and the risk of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 315(7):405-411. 1987a Combination oral contraceptive use and the risk of endometnal cancer. The Journal of the American Medical Association 257(6):796-~0.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES "10i 1987b The reduction in risk of ovarian cancer associated with oral-contraceptive use. The New England Journal of Medicine 316(1 1):650~55. Chen, L.C., M.C. Gesche, S. Ahmed, A.I. Chowdhury, and W.H. Mosley 1975 Maternal mortality in Bangladesh. Studies in Family Planning 5(11):334-341. Chen, L.C., E. Huq, and S. D'Souza 1981 Sex bias in the family allocation of food and health care in rural Bangladesh. Population and Development Review 7(1):55-70. Chi, I.C., T. Agoestina, and J. Harbin 1981 Matemal mortality at twelve teaching hospitals in IndonesiaAn epidemiologic analysis. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 19(4):259-266. Chow, W.H., J.R. Dating, N.S. Weiss, D.E. Moore, and R. Soderstrom 1985 Vaginal douching as a potential risk factor for tubal ectopic pregnancies. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 153(7):727-729. Clark, Carol A.M. 1981 Demographic and Socioeconomic Correlates of Infant Growth in Guatemala. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, March 26-28. aeland, J.G., and S. Rutstein 1986 Contraception and birthspacing. International Family Planning Perspectives 12(3):83- 90. Cleland, J.G., and Z.A. Sathar 1984 The effect of birthspacing on childhood mortality in Pakistan. Population Studies 38(3):401- 418. Coale, A., and D.R. McNeil 1972 The distribution by age of the frequency of first marriage in a female cohort. Journal of the American Statistical Association 67:743-749. Conant, M., D. Hardy, J. Sematinger, D. Spicer, and J.A. Levy 1986 Condoms prevent transmission of AIDS-associated retrovirus. The Journal of the Ameri- can Medical Association 255(13):1706. Conant, M.A., D.W. Spicer, and C.D. Smith 1984 Herpes simplex virus transmission: Condom studies. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1 1 (2):94-95. Costello, C. 1986 Maternal and Child Health in Rural Uganda: We Role of Nutntion. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. Cowan, M.E., and G.E. Cree 1973 A note on the susceptibility of N. gonorrhocae to contraceptive agent Nonyl-P. British Journal of Venereal Diseases 49(1):65-66. Cramer, D.W., M.B. Goldman, I. Schiff, S. Belisle, B. Albrecht, B. Stadel, M. Gibson, E. Wilson, R. Stillman, and I. Thompson 1987 We relationship of tubal infertility to bamer method and oral contraceptive use. The Journal of the American Medical Association 257(18):244~2450. Cramer, D.W., I. Schiff, S.C. Schoenbaum, M. Gibson, S. Belisle, B. Albrecht, R.J. Stillman, M.J. Berger, E. Wilson, B.V. Stadel, and M. Seibel 1985 Tubal infertility and the intrauterine device. New England Journal of Medicine 312(15):941- 947. Daling, J.R., N.S. Weiss, B.J. Metch, W.H. Chow, R.M. Soderstrom, D.E. Moore, L.R. Spadoni, and B.V. Stadel 1985 Primary tubal infertility in relation to the use of an intrauterine device. New England Journal of Med icine 312(15) :937-941. Das Gupta, M. 1987 Selective discrimination against female children in rural Punjab. Population and Devel- opment Review 13(1):77-100. DaVanzo, Julie, W.P. Butz, and J.-P. Habicht 1983 How biological and behavioral influences on mortality in Malaysia vary during the first year of life. Population Studies 37(3):381-402. DaVanzo, Julie, J.-P. Habicht, and W.P. Butz 1984 Assessing socioeconomic correlates of birthweight in peninsular Malaysia: Ethnic differ- ences and changes overtime. Social Science and Medicine 18(5):387-404.

OCR for page 99
~ 02 REFERENCES DaVanzo, Julie, and E.H. Starbird 1989 Correlates of Short Inter-Birth Intervals in Malaysia: The Roles of Breastfeeding and Contraceptive Use. Paper presented at meeting of the Population Association of A~ner- ica, Baltimore, Maryland, March. David, Henry P., ~ Dy~ych, ~ NIatejcek, and V. Schueller 1988 Born Unwanted: Developmental Effects of Denied Abortion. New York: Springer Publishing Co. Diaz, S., M. Pavez, P. Miranda, E.D.B. Johansson, and H.B. Croxano 1987 Long-tenn follow-up of women treated with Norplant0 implants. Contraception 35(6):551- 567. Dixon-Mueller, Ruth 1989 Psychosocial consequences to women of contraceptive use and controlled fertility. In A.M. Parnell (ed.), Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility: Health Issues for Women and Children. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Donaldson, P.J., and D.J. Nichols 1978 The changing tempo of fertility in Korea. Population Studies 329uly):231-249. Doyle, P., D. Morley, M. Woodland, and J. Cole 1978 Birth intervals, survival and growth In a Nigerian village. Journal of Biosocial Science 10(1 ):8 1 -94. D'Souza, S., and L.C. Chen 1980 Sex differentials in mortality in rural Bangladesh. Population and Development Review 6(2):257-270. Ebeling, K., P. Nischan, and Ch. Schindler 1987 Use of oral contraceptives and risk of invasive cervical cancer in previously screened women. International Journal of Cancer 39(4):427-430. Efiong, E.I., and M.O. Banjoico 1975 The obstetric performance of Nigerian pr~nigravidae aged 16 and under. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 82(3):228-233. Erickson, J.D., and T. Bjerkedal 1978 Interpregnancy interval: Association with birth weight, stillbirth, and neonatal death. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 32(2):124-130. Faundes, A., B. Fanjul, G. Henriquez, G. Mora, and C. Tognola 1974 Influencia de la edad y de la paridad sobre algunos parametros de morbilidad matema y sobre la morbimortalidad fetal. Revista Chilena de Obsietrica y Ginecologia 37(1):6-14. Fedrick, J., and P. Adelstein 1973 Influence of pregnancy spacing on outcome of pregnancy. Bri~ish Medical Journal 4:753-756. Feldblum, P.J., and J.A. Fortney 1988 Condoms, spermicides, and the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus: A review of the literature. American Journal of Public Health 78(1):52-54. Ferraz, E.M., R.H. Gray, P.L. Fleming, and T.M. Mana 1988 Interpregnancy interval and low birthweight: Findings from a case-control study. Ameri- can Journal of Epidemiology 128:1111-1116. Fihn, S.l)., R.H. Latham, P. Roberts, K. Running, and W.E. Stamm 1985 Association between diaphragm use and urinary tract infection. The Journal of the A~nerican Medical Association 254(2):240-245. Fischi, M.A., G.M. Dickinson, G.B. Scott, N. Kilmas, M.A. Fletcher, and W. Parks 1987 Evaluation of heterosexual partners, children, and household contacts of adults with ALDS. The Journal of the American Medical Association 257(5):640-644. Fleming, P.L., and R.H. Gray 1988a Child Growth in Relation to the Succeeding Binh Interval. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hoplcins University. 1988b Some Effects of the Preceding Birth Interval on Birth Weight and Subsequent Growth. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins Univer- sity. Forman, D., T.J. Vincent, and R. Doll 1986 Cancer of the liver and the use of oral contraceptives. Bri~ish Medical Journal 292:1357- 1361.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES ~ 03 Fortney, J.A., and J.E. Higgins 1984 The effect of birth intervals on perinatal survival and birth weight. Public Health 98(2):73-83. Fortney, J.A., J.E. Higgins, K.I. Kennedy, L.E. Laufe, and L Wilkens 1986 Delivery arid neonatal monality among 10,749 breeches. American Journal of Public Health 76:982-985. Lortney, J.A., I. Susanti, S. Gadalla, S. Saleh, PJ. Feldblum, and M. Potts 1985 Maternal Mortality in Indonesia and Egypt. WHO FHE/P\IM/85.9.13. WHO Inter- regional Meeting on Prevention of Matemal Monality, Geneva, 11-15 November. Foster, Andrew D., Alauddin Chowdhury, Jane Menken, and Sandra L. Huffman 1986 Age at Menarche and its Influence on Fertility. Fertility Determinants Research Note No. 10. The Population Council, New York. Foster, S.O. 1984 Immunizable and respiratory diseases and child mortality. Population and Development Review 10(Suppl.):1 19-140. Foxman, B., and R.R. Frerichs 1985 Epidemiology of urinary tract infection: Diaphragm use and sexual intercourse. Ameri can Journal of Public Health 75(1 1):1308-1313. Geronimus, A.T. 1987 On teenage childbearing and neonatal mortality in the United States. Population and Development Review 13(2):245-279. Goldacre, NI.J., J.A. Clarke, M.A. Heasman, and M.P. Vessey 1978 Followup of vasectomy using medical record linkage. American Journal of Epidemiology 108(3):176-180. Goldacre, M.J., M. Vessey, J. Clarke, and M. Heasman 1979 Record linkage study of morbidity following vasectomy. Pp. 567-569 in I.H. Lepow and R. Crazier (ads.), Vasectomy: Immunologic and Pathophysiologic Effects in Animals and Alan. New York: Academic Press. Goldman, N., S.O. Rutstein, and S. Singh 1985 Assessment of the Quality of Data in 41 WFS Surveys: A Comparative Approach. World Fertility Survey Comparative Studies No. 44. Voorburg, Netherlands: Intemational Statistical Institute. Gomez de Leon, Jose, and J.E. Potter 1989 Modelling the inverse association between breastfeeding and contraceptive use. Popula- tion Studies 43 (March/1):69-93. Gray, R.H. 1984 A case-control study of ectopic pregnancy in developed and developing countnes. Pp. 354-364 in G.I. 7>tuchni A. Goldsmith and J. J. Sciarra (eds ~ Intrauterine Contraren- ~ _ _ ~ ,, . . _ lion: Advances and Future Prospects. Philadelphia: Harper and Row. 1985 Reduced risk of pelvic inflammatory disease with injectable contraceptives. The Lance' 1:1046. Gray, R.H., and O.M. Campbell 1985 Epidemiologic trends of PID in contraceptive use. ~ G.I. Zatuchni, A. Goldsmith, and J.S. Sciarra (eds.), Intrauterine Contraception: Advances and Future Prospects. Phila- delphia: Harper and Row. . Greenwood A.M., B.M. Greenwood, A.K. Bradley, K. Williams, F.C. Shenton, S. Tulloch, P. Byass9 and F.S.J. Oldfield 1987 A prospective survey of the outcome of pregnancy in a rural area in the Gambia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 65(5):635~43. Gnmes9 D.A. 1987 Intrauterine devices and pelvicinflammatory disease: Recent developments. Contracep- tion 36~1):97-109. Gnmes9 D.A.9 A.P. Sattenhwaite9 R.W. Rochat9 and N. Akhter 1982 Deaths from contraceptive sterilization in Bangladesh: Rates, causes, and prevention. Obstetrics and Gynecology 60(5):635-640. Grossman Michael9 and Steven Jacobowitz 1981 Variations in infant mortality rates among counties of the United States: The roles of public policies and programs. Demography 18(4):695-713.

OCR for page 99
1 04 REFERENCES Gubhaju, B. 1986 Effect of birth spacing on infant and child mortality in rural Nepal. Journal of Biosocial Science 18(4):435447. Haaga, John 1989 Mechanisms for the Association of Matemal Age, Panty, and Binh Spacing with Infant Health. ~ A.M. Pamell (ed.), Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility: Health Issues for Women and Children. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Habicht, J.-P., J. DaVanzo, W.P. Butz, and L. Meyers 1985 The contraceptive role of breastfeeding. Population Studies 39:213-232. Hansen, J.P. 1986 Older maternal age and pregnancy outcome: A review of the literature. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey 41:726-742. Harris, R.W.C., L.A. Brinton, R.H. Cowdell, D.C.G. Skegg, P.G. Smith, M.P. Vessey, and R. Doll 1980 Characteristics of wanen with dysplasia or carcinoma in situ of the cervix uten. British Journal of Cancer 42(3):359-369. Harrison, K.A., and LA. Rossiter 1985 Child-bearing, health and social pnonties: A survey of 22,774 consecutive hospital births in Zana, Northem Nigeria. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (Supplement 5)(92):1-119. Hart, G. 1974 Factors influencing venereal infection in a war environment. British Journal of Venereal Diseases 50(1):68-72. Hatcher, R.A., F. Guest, F. Stewart, G.K. Stewart, J. Trussell, S.C. Bowen, and W. Cates 1988 Contraceptive Technology1988-1989. New York: IrvingtonPublishers,Inc. Heartwell, S.F., and S. Schlesselman 1983 Risk of uterine perforation among users of intrauterine devices. Obstetrics and Gynecol- ogy 61(1):31-36. Henderson, B.E., S. Preston-Martin, H.A. Edmondson, R.L. Peters, and NI.C. Pike 1983 Hepatocellular carcinoma and oral contraceptives. British Journal of Cancer 48(3):437- 440. Henshaw, Stanley K. 1986 Induced abortion: A worldwide perspective. Family Planning Perspectives 18(6):250- 254. Hicks, D.R., L.S. Martin, J.P. Getchell, J.L. Heath, D.P. Francis, J.S. McDougal, J.W. Curran, and B. Voeller 1985 Inactivation of HTLV-m/LAV-infected cultures of normal human lymphocytes by Non- oxynol-9 in vitro. The Lancet 2:1422-1423. Hobcraft, J. 1987 Does Family Planning Save Children's Lives? Paper prepared for the International Conference on Better Health for Wanen and Children through Family Planning, Nairobi, October 5-9. Hobcraft, J.N., J.W. McDonald, and S.O. Rutstein 1985 Demographic determinants of infant and early child mortality: A comparative analysis. Population Stu~ies 39(3):363-385. Holly, E.A., N.S. Weiss, and J.M. Liff 1983 Cutaneous melanoma in relation to exogenous hom~ones and reproductive factors. Jour- nal of the National Cancer institute 70(5):827-831. Honda, G.D., L. Bemstein, R.K. Ross, S. Greenland, V. Gerkins, and B.E. Henderson 1988 Vasectomy, cigarette smoking, and age at first se~cual intercourse as nsk factors for prostate cancer in middle-aged men. British Journal of Cancer 57(3):326-331. Hook, E.B. 1985 Maternal age, paternal age, and human chromosome abnormality: Nature, magnitude, etiology, and mechanism of effects. Basic Life Sciences 36. Hooper, R.R., G.H. Reynolds, O.G. Jones, A. Zaidi, PJ. Wiesner, K.P. Latimer, A. Lester, A.F. Campbell, W.O. Harrison, W.W. Kamey, and K.K. Holmes 1978 Cohort study of venereal disease. I. The nsk of gonorrhea transmission from infected women to men. American Journal of Epidemiology 108(2):136-144.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES ~ 05 Horsburgh, C.R., Jr., J.M. Douglas, and F.M. LaForce 1987 Preventive strategies in sexually transmitted diseases for the primary care physician. The Journal of the American Medical Association 258(6):815-821. Institute of Medicine 1973 Infant Death: An Analysis by Maternal Risks and Health Care, Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. 1985 Preventing LowBirthweight. Washington,D.C.: NationalAcademy Press. Irwin, K.L., L. Rosero-Bi~by, M.W. Oberle, N.C. Lee, A.S. Whatley, J.A. Fonney, and M.G. ~ Bonhomme 1988 Oral contraceptives and cervical cancer risk in Costa Rica: Detection--bias or causal association? The Journal of the American Medical Association 259(1):59~4. Jelley, D., and RJ. Madeley 1983 Antenatal care in Maputo, Mozambique. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 37(2):111-116. Jelliffe, D.B. 1976 Maternal nutrition and lactation. In CIBA Foundation Symposium: Breastieeding and the Mother. Amsterdam: Excerpta Medical Jick, H., M.T. Hannan, A. Stergachis, F. Heidnch, D.R. Perera, and KJ. Rothman 1982 Vaginal spermicides and gonorrhea. The Journal of the American Medical Association 248(13):1619-1621. Judson, F.N., J.M. Enret, G.M. Bodin, MJ. Levin, and C.A.M. Rietmeijer In press In vitro evaluations of condoms with and without Nonoynol-9 as physical and chemical barriers against chlamydia trachomatis, herpes simplex anus type 2, and human immu- nodeficiency Virus. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (Supplement). Kambic, R., R.H. Gray, and J.L. Simpson 1988 Outcome of Pregnancy in NFP Users. Institute forIntemational Studies in Natural Family Planning, Georgetown University. Katznelsor~, S., W.L Drew, and L Mintz 1984 Efficacy of the condom as a battier lo the transmission of cytanegalovirus. Journal of Infectious Diseases 150(1):155-157. Kelaghan, J., G.L Rubin, H.W. Ory, and P.M. Layde 1982 gamer-method contraceptives and pelvic inflammatory disease. The Journal of the American Medical Association 248(2):184-187. Khan, A.R., F.A. Jahan, and S.F. Begum 1986 Maternal modality in rural Bangladesh: The Jamalpur Distnct. Studies in Family Planning 17(1):7-12. Klebanoff, M.A. 1988 Short intelpregnancy interval and the risk of low birthweight. American Journal of Public Health 78(6):667-670. Knodel, J., and A.I. Hermalin 1984 Effects of birth rank, maternal age, birth interval, and sibship size on infant and child mortality: Evidence from 18th and 19th century reproductive histories. American Journal of Public Health 74(10):1098-1106. Koenig, M. A., V. Fauveau, A.I. Chowdhury, J. Chakraborty, and M.A. Khan 1988a MatemalmortalityinMatlab,Bangladesh:1976-85.St~esinFamilyPlanningl9(2):69- - 80. Koenig, M.A., J. Phillips, O. Campbell, and S. D'Sonza 1988b Birth Intervals and Childhood Mortality in Rural Bangladesh. Unpublished manuscript. The Population Council, New York. Kramer, M.S. 1987 Intrauterine growth and gestational age determinants. Pediatrics 80:502-511. Kronmal, R.A., E. Alderman, J.N. Krieger, T. Killip, J.W. Kennedy, and M.W. Athearn 1988 Vasectomy and urolithiasis. The Lancet 1:22-23. Kwast, Barbara E., R.W. Rochat, and W. Kidane-Mariam 1986 Matemal mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Studies in Family Planning 17(6):288-301. Kwast, B.E., and J.A. Stevens 1987 Viral hepatitis as a major cause of maternal mortality in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Interna- tional Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2S(2):99-106. ~ ~ A _ AN ~ ~

OCR for page 99
106 REFERENCES Layde, P.M., M.P. Vessey, and D. Yeates 1982 Risk factors for gaU-bladder disease: A cohort study of young women attending family planning clinics. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 36(4):274-278. Lee, N.C., G.L. Rubin, and R. Borucki 1988 The intrauterine device and pelvic inflammatory disease revisited: New results from the Women's Health Study. Obstetrics and Gynecology 72(1~:1~. Lee, Nancy C., Herbert B. Peterson, and Susan Y. Chu 1989 Health effects of contraception. In A.M. Pamell (ed.), Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility: lIealthIssuesfor Women and Children. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. -- Lettenmaier, C., L. Liskin, C. Church, and J. Harris 1988 Mothers' lives matter: Matemal health In the community. Population Reports Series L. No. 7. Population Information Program, Johns Hopkins University. Lindpainter, L.S., N. Jahan, A.P. Satterthwaite, and S. Zimicki 1982 Maternity-Related Mortality in Matlab Thana, Bangladesh. Unpublished manuscnpt. International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh. Liskin, L.S., R. Blackbum, and R. Ghani 1987 Hommonal contraception: New long-acting methods. Population Reports Series K, No. 3. Liskin, US., and W.F. Quillin 1982 Long-acting progestins: Pranise and prospects. Population Reports SenesK,No.2. London, K.A., J. Cushing, S.O. Rutste~n, J. Oeland, J.E. Anderson, L. Morris and S.H. Moore 1985 Fertility and family planning surveys: An update. Population Reports Series M, No. 8. Lunt, R. 1984 Worldwide early detection of cervical cancer. Obstetrics and Gynecology 63(5):708-713. Lynch, K.A. 1987 Maternal Mortality in the European Past. Paper prepared for the Working Group on the Health Consequences of Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility. Committee on Population, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. McAnamey, E.R. 1987 Young maternal age and adverse neonatal outccxne. American Journal of Diseases of Children 141(1):1053-1059. McDonald, P. 1984 Nuptiality and Completed Fertility: A Study of Starting, Stopping and Spacing Behavior. World Fertility Survey Comparative Studies No. 35. Voorburg, Netherlands: Intema- tional Statistical Institute. McGregor, I.A. 1984 Epidemiology, malaria and pregnancy. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 33:517-525. McGregor, I.A., M.E. Wilson, arid W.~ Billewicz 1983 Malaria infection of the placenta in The Gambia, West Africa; its incidence and relation- ship to stillbirth, birthweight and placental weight. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 77(2):232-244. McNeilly, A.S. 1977 Physiology of lactation. Journal of Biosocial Science Supplement(4):5-21. McPherson, K., A. Neil, M.P. Vessey, and R. Doll 1983 Oral contraceptives and breast cancer. The Lancet 2:1414-1415. Massey, F.J., Jr., G.S. Bemstein, W.M. O'Fallon, UM. Schuman, A.H. Coulson, R. Crazier, J.S. Mandel, R.B. Benjamin, et al. 1984 Vasectany and health: Results from a large cohort study. The Journal of the American Medical Association 252(8):1023-1029. Meirik, O., E. Lund, H.-O. Adami, R. Bergstrom, T. Christofferson, P. Bergsjo 1986 Oral contraceptive use and breast cancer in young women. The Lancet 2:650-654. Merchant K., and R. Martorell 1988 Frequent reproductive cycling: Does it lead to nutritional depletion of mothers? Progress in Food and Nutrition 12:339-369. Mhango C., R. Rochat, and A. Arkutu 1986 Reproductive mortality in Lusaka, Zambia, 1982-1983. Studies In Family Planning 17(5):243-256.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES 1 07 Miller, Jane E. 1989 Is the relationship between birth intervals and postnatal mortality spurious? Evidence from Hungary and Sweden. Population Studies 43:forthcoming. Oilman, S. 1985 Breastfeeding and contraception: Why the inverse association? Studies in Family Planning 16(2):61-75. 1986 Trends in breastfeeding in a dozen developing countries. International Family Planning Perspectives 12(3):91-95. Morrow, R.H., Jr., H.F. Smetana, F.T. Sai, and J.H. Edgcomb 1968 Unusual features of viral hepatitis in Accra, Ghana Annals of Internal Medicine 68(6):1250- 1264. Neuberger, J., D. Forman, R. Doll, and R. Williams 1986 Oral contraceptives and hepatocellular carcinoma. British Medical Journal 292:1355- 1357. Niswander, K.R., and M. Gordon 1972 The Women and Their Pregnancies: The Collaborative Perinatal Study of the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govemment Printing Office. Omran, A.R., and C.C. Standley (eds.) 1981 Further Studies on Family Formation Patterns and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization. Ory, H.W., J.D. Forrest, and R. Lincoln 1983 Making Choices: Evaluating the Health Risks artful Benefits of Birth Control Methods. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute. Ory, H.W., and the Women's Health Study 1981 Ectopic pregnancy and intrauterine contraceptive devices: New perspectives. Obstetrics and Gynecology 57(2):137-144. Overall, J.C. 1987 Viral infections of the fetus and neonate. Pp. 966 1007 in R.D. Feigin and I.D. Cherry (eds.), Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. Palloni, A. 1985 Health conditions in Latin America and policies for mortality changes. In Jacques Vallin and Alan Lopez (ads.), Health Policy, Social Policy, and Mortality Prospects. Proceed- ings of a seminar, Paris, February 28-March 4, 1983. Liege: Ordina Editions. 1988 On the role of crises in historical perspective: An exchange. Pop`~Iation and Develop- ment Review 14(1):145-158. Palloni, A., and S. Millman 1986 Effects of inter-birth intervals and breastfeeding on infant and early childhood mortality. Population Studies 40(2):215-236. Pardthaisong, T., R.H. Gray, and E.B. McDaniel 1980 Retum of fertility after discontinuation of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate and intra- uterine devices in Northem Thailand. The Lancet 1:509-512. Pebley, Anne R., and Julie DaVanzo 1988 Maternal Depletion and Child Survival in Guatemala and Malaysia. Paper presented at meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, April. Pebley, Anne R., Howard I. Goldberg, and Jane Menken 1985 Contraceptive use during lactation in developing countries. Studies in Family Planning 16(1):40-51. Pebley, Anne, John Knodel, and Albert I. Hennalin 1988 The Influence of Reproductive Patterns on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Family Reconstitution Data for 18th and 19th Century German Villages. Paper presented at the 13th annual meeting of the Social Science History Association, Chicago, November 3-6. Pebley, A.R., and S. Pullman 1986 Birthspacing and child survival. International Family Planning Perspectives 12(3):71- 79. Pebley, A.R., and P.W. Stupp 1987 Reproductive patterns and child mortality in Guatemala. Demography 24(1):43-60.

OCR for page 99
1 08 REFERENCES Pemn, E.B., J.S. Woods, T. Namekata, J. Yagi, R.A. Bruce, and V. Hofer 1984 Long-tern effect of vasectomy on coronary heart disease. American Journal of Public Health 74(2):128-132. Peterson, H.B., F. DeStefano, G.L Rubin, J.R. Grcenspan, N.C. Lee, and H.W. Ory 1982 Mortality risk associated with tubal sterilization in United States hospitals. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 143(2):125-129. 1983 Deaths attributable to tubal sterilization in the United States, 1977-1981. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 146(2):131-136. Petitti, D.B., R. Klein, H. Kipp, W. Kahn, A.B. Siegelaub, and G.D. Friedman 1982 A survey of personal habits, symptoms of illness, and histories of disease-in men with and without vasectanies. American Journal of Public Health 72(5):476-480. Pike, M.C., B.E. Henderson, M.D. Krailo, A. Duke, and S. Roy 1983 Breast cancer in young women and the use of oral contraceptives: Possible modifying effect of formulation and age at use. The Facet 2:926-930. Piper, J.M. 1985 Oral contraceptives and cervical cancer. Gynecologic Oncology 22(1):1-14. Potter, Joseph E. 1988 Does family planning reduce infant mortality? Population and Development Review 14(1):179-187. Prentice, R.L., and D.B. Thomas 1987 On the epidemiology of oral contraceptives and disease. Advances in Cancer Research 49:285-401. Puffer, R.R., and C.V. Serrano 1973 Patterns of Mortality in Childhood: Report of the Inter-American Investigation of Mortality in Childhood. Washington, D.C.: Pan American Health Organization. Ramcharan, S., F.A. Pellegnn, R.M. Ray, and J. Hsu 1981 The Walnut Creek Contraceptive Drug Study: A Prospective Study of the Side Effects of Oral Contraceptives, Vol. III. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govemment Printing Office. Richard, Barbara W., and Louis Lasagne 1987 Drug regulation in the United States and the United Kingdom: The Dep>Provera story. Annals of Internal Medicine 106:886-891. Rinehart, Ward, and Adrienne Kols 1984 Healthier mothers and children through family planning. Population Reports Series T. No. 27, pp. 657-696. Rodriguez, G., and J. Trussell 1980 Maximum likelihood Estimation of the Parameters of Coale's Model Nuptiality Sched- ule. World FeItility Survey. Technical bulletin no. 7. International Statistical Institutes, Voorburg. Rogers, S.M. 1988 Abortion and Contraception. Paper prepared for the Worlcing Group on the Health Consequences of Contraceptive Use and Controlled Fertility. Committee on Population, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Rooks, J.B., H.W. Ory, K.G. Ishak, LT. Strauss, J.R. Greenspan, A.P. Hill, C.W. Tyler, Jr., and the Cooperative Liver Tumor Study Group 1979 Epidemiology of hepatocellular adenoma: The role of oral contraceptive use. The Journal of the American Medical Association 242(7):644 648. Rosenberg, M.J., P.J. Feldblum, W. Rojanapithayakorn, and W. Sawasdivorn 1987 The contraceptive sponge's protection against Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 14(3):147-152. Rosenzweig, M.R., and T. P. Schultz 1983 Estimating a household production function: Heterogeneity, the demand for health inputs, and their effects on birth weight. Journal of Political Economy 91(5):723-746. Ross, J.A., S. Hong, and D.H. Huber 1985 Voluntary Sterilization: An International Fact Book. New York: Association of Volun- tary Sterilization, Inc. Ross, J.A., and D.H. Huber 1983 Acceptance and prevalence of vasectomy in developing countries. Studies in Family Planning 14(3):67-72.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES 109 Ross, R.K., M.C. Pike, M.P. Vessey, D. Bull, D. Yeates, and J.T. Casagrande 1986 Risk factors for uterine fibroids: Reduced risk associated with oral contraceptives. British Medical Journal 293:359-362. Royal College of General Practitioners 1970 Oral Contraceptives and Health. London: Pitman Medical. 1982 Oral contraceptives and gallbladder disease. The Lancet 2:957-959. Rubin, G.L., H.W. Ory, and P.M. Layde 1982 Oral contraceptives and pelvic inflammatory disease. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 144(6):630-635. Rutstein, S.O. 1983 Infant and Child Mortality: Levels, Trends and Demographic Differentials. World Futility Survey Comparative Studies No. 24. Voorburg, Netherlands: Intemational Statistical Institute. Ryder, Norman B. 1976 Some Sociological Suggestions Concerning the Reduction of Fertility in Developing Countries. Paper no. 37. Honolulu: East-West Population Institute. Salah, M., A.M. Ahmed, M. Abo-Eloyo~m, and M.M. Shaaban 1987 Five-year e~cpenence with Norplant. implants in Assiut, Egypt. Contraception 35(6):305- 316. Schlesselman, J.J., B.V. Stadel, P. Mumy, and S. Lai 1988 Breast cancerin relation to early use of oral contraceptives: No evidence of a latent effect. Journal of the American Medical Association 259(12):1828-1833. Schultz, T. Paul 1984 Studying the impact of household economic and community variables on child mortality. Population and Development Review 10(Suppl.):215-235. Schwartz, B., S. Gaventa, C.V. Broome, A. Reingold, A.W. Hightower, J.A. Perlam, P.H. Wolf, and the Toxic Shock Syndrome Study Group 1989 Nonmenstrual toxic shock syndrome association, with barrier contraceptives: Report of a case-control study. Review of Infectious Diseases 2(Suppl 1):543-549. Scrimshaw, Susan 1978 Infant mortality and behavior in the regulation of family size. Population Development Review 4:383-404. Segal, Sheldon I. 1988 Contraceptive Innovations: Needs and Opportunities. Paper presented at Conference on Demographic and Programmatic Consequences of Contraceptive Innovations, sponsored by the Committee on Population. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., October 6-7. Sidney, Stephen 19B7 Vasect~ny and the risk of prostatic cancer and benign prostatic hypertrophy. Journal of Urology 138(4):795-797. Simmons, George B., Celeste Smucker, S. Berstein, and Eric Jensen 1982 Post-neonatalmortalityinruralIndia: hnplicationsof en economic model. Demography 19(3):37 1 -389. Simpson, J.L 1985 Relationship between congenital anomalies and contraception. Advances in Contracep- tion 1(1):3-30. Singh B., J.C. Cutler, and H.M.D. Utidjian 1972 Studies on the development of a vaginal preparation providing both prophylaxis against venereal disease and other genital infections and contraception: 11. Effect in vitro of vaginal contraceptive and noncontraceptive preparations on Treponema pallidum and Neissena gonorrhoeae. British Journal of Venereal Diseases 48(3):57 64. Singh, B., B. Postic, and J.C. Cutler 1976 Virucidal effect of certain chemical contraceptives on Type 2 he~esvirus. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 126(4):422425. Singh, S., and B. Feny 1984 Biological and Traditional Factors that Influence Fertility: Results from WFS Surveys. World Fertility Survey Ccxnparative Studies No. 40. Voorburg, Netherlands: ~terna- tional Statistical Institute.

OCR for page 99
~ ~ O REFERENCES Sivard, R.L 1985 Women: A World Survey. Washington, D.C.: World Priorities. Sivin, I., S. Diaz, P. Holma, F. Alvarez-Sanchez, and D.N. Robertson 1983 A four-year clinical study of Norplant implants. Studies in Family Planning 14(6/ 7):184-191. Smith, D.P. 1980 Age at First Marriage. World Senility Survey Comparative Studies No. 7. Voorburg, Netherlands: International Statistical lbstitute. Smith, Peter C., M. Shahidullah, and A.N. Alacantara 1983 Cohort Nuptiality in Asia and the Pacif c: An Analysis of WFS Surveys. World Fertility Survey Comparative Studies No. 22. Voorburg, Netherlands: Intemational Statistical Institute. Spring, S.B., and J. Gruber Stadel, B. 1985 Relationship of DNA viruses and cervical carcinoma. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 75(3):589-590. 1986 Oral contraceptives and the occurrence of disease: Clinical overview. Pp. 3-41 in A.T. Gregoire and R.G. Blye (eds.), Contraceptive Steroids: Pharmacology and Safety. New York: Plenum Press. Stadel, Bruce, S. Lai, JJ. Schlesselman, and P. Murray 1988 Oral contraceptives and prernenopausal breast cancer in nulliparous women. Contracep- tion 38(3):287-299. Stone, K.M., D.A. Grimes, and LS. Magder 1986 Personal protection against sexually transmitted diseases. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 155(1): 180- 188. Strobino, D.M. 1987 We health and medical consequences of adolescent sexuality and pregnancy: A review of the literature. Pp. 93-122 in Sandra L. Hofferth and Cheryl D. Hayes (eds), Risking the Future: Adolescent Sexuality, Pregnancy, and Childbearing, Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Swan, S.H., and D.B. Petitti 1982 A review of problems of bias and confounding in epidemiologic studies of cervical neoplasia and oral contraceptive use. American Journal of Epidemiology 115(1): 10-18. Swenson, I., A.R. Khan, and F.A. Jahan 1980 A randomized, single blind comparative trial of norethindrone enanthate and depot- medro~cyprogesterone acetate In Bangladesh. Contraception 21(3):207-215. Tietze, Christopher 1983 Induced Abortion: A World Review, 5th ed. New York: The Population Council. Trussell, J. 1988 Does family planning reduce infant mortality? An exchange. Population and Develop- ment Review 14(1):171-178. TIussell, J., and K. Kost 1987 Contraceptive failure in the United States: A critical review of the literature. Studies in Family Planning 18(5):237-283. Trussell, J., and A.R. Pebley 1984 The potential impact of changes in fertility on infant, child, and maternal mortality. Studies in Family Planning 15(6):267-280. Trussell, J., and K.I. Reinis 1989 Age at first marriage and age at first birth. Population Bulletin. ST/ESA/Series N/26. New York: United Nations. Trussell, J., and G. Rodriguez 1989 Heterogeneity in Demographic Research. Paper prepared for the Conference on Conver- gent Questions in Genetics and Demography. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Tumer, C.F., H.G. Miller, and L.E. Moses (eds.) 1989 AIDS, Sexual Behavior, and Intravenous Drug Use. Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Acad- emy Press.

OCR for page 99
REFERENCES 1 1 1 United Nations 1988a Levels and Trends of Contraceptive Use as Assessed in 1987. U.N. Population Division, New York. 1988b Mortality of Children Under Age 5: World Estimates and Projections, 1950-2025. Population Studies No. 105. New York: United Nations, Department of Intemational Economic and Social Affairs. 1988e World Demographic Estimates and Projections, 1950-2025. Department of ~temational Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York. 1989 Levels and Trends of Contraceptive Use as Assessed in 1988. Publication no. ST-ESA- SER.A-110. New York: United Nations. Vessey, M.P. 1980 Female hormones and vascular disease: An epidemiologieal overview. British Journal of Family Planning 6(Suppl. 3):1-12. Vessey, M.P., M. Lawless, K. MePherson, and D. Yeates 1983 Neoplasia of the eerv" uten and contraception: A possible adverse effect of the pill. The Lancet 2:930-934. Vessey, M.P., M.A. Metcalfe, K. MePherson, and D. Yeates 1987 Urinary tract infection in relation to diaphragm use and obesity. International Journal of Epidemiology 16(3):441444. Walker, A.M., H. Jiek, J.R. Hunter, A. Danford, R.N. Watkins, L Ahadeff, and KJ. Rothman 1981 Vasectomy and nonfatal myocardial infarction. The Lancet 1:13-15. Walker, GJ., D.E. Ashley, A. McCaw, and G.W. Bernard 1985 Maternal mortality in Jamaica: A confidential inquiry into all maternal deaths in Jamaica 1981-1983. WHO FHE/PMM/85.9.10. WHO Interregional Meeting on Prevention of Maternal Mortality, Geneva, 11-15 November. Washington, A.E., S. Gove, J. Sehaehter, and R.L Sweet 1985 Oral contraceptives, ehlamydia traehomans infeetia~, and inflammatory disease: A word of caution about protection. The Journal of the American Medical Association 253(15):2246-2250. Weinbreck, P., V. Loustaud, F. Denis, B. Vidal, M. Mounier, and L. DeI=nley 1988 Postnatal transmission of HIV infection. The Lance 1:482. Weller, R.H., I.W. Eberstein, and M. Bailey 1987 Pregnancy wontedness and maternal behavior during pregnancy. Demography 24(3):407- 412. Wilson, J.G., and R.L. Brent 1981 Are female sex hormones teratogenie? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 141(5):567-580. Wingrave, SJ., and C.R. Kay 1982 Oral contraceptives and gallbladder disease. Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study. The Avocet 2:957-959. Winikoff, B. 1983 Abe effects of birthspacing on child and maternal health. Studies in Family Planning 14(10):23 1-245. Winikoff, B., and M. Sullivan 1987 Assessing the role of family planning in reducing maternal modality. Studies in Family Planning 18(3):128-143. Wolfers, David, and Susan Scrimshaw 1975 Child survival and intervals between pregnancies in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Population Studies 29(3):479496. Wongboonsin, Kua, and John Knodel 1988 Birth Interval and Birth Order Distributions Over ~ailand's Fertility Transition. Paper presented at the National Seminar on Population, the Thai Population Association, No- vember 10-11. World Health Organization (Task Force on Long-acting Systemic Agents for the Regulation of Fertility) 1978 Multinational comparative clinical evaluation of two long-acting injectable contraceptive steroids: Norethisterone oenanthate and medroxyprogesterone acetate. 2. Bleeding patterns and side effects. Contraception 17(5):395~06.

OCR for page 99
}~12 REFERENCES World Health Organization 1981 The effect of female sex hormones on fetal development and infant health. World Health Organization Technical Report Series No. 657. World Health Organization (Collaborative Study of Neoplasia and Steroid Contraceptives) 1985a Invasive cervical cancer and combined oral eontraeeptives. British Medical Journal 290:961-965. World Health Organization (Secretariat) 1985b Measunng matemal modality. WHO FHEJPMMJ85.6.2. Inte~regional Meeting on Prevention of Matemal Mortality, Geneva, 11-15 November. World Health Organization 1986a Depot-medro~cyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and cancer Memorandum from a WHO Meeting. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 64(3):375-382. World Health Organization (Task Force on Long-aeting Systemic Agents for Fertility Regulation) 1986b Metabolic side-effects of injectable depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate, 150 mg three- monthly, in undernourished lactating women. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 64(4):587-594. World Health Organization 1987a We hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. WHO Technical Report Series, No. 758. World Health Organization Mask Force on Long-aeting Systemic Agents for Fertility Regulation) 1987b A multieentered phase m comparative clinical trial of depot-medroxyprogesterone aee- tate given three-monthly at doses of 100 mg or 150 ma: II. The comparison of bleeding pattems. Contraception 35(6):591~10. World Health Organizatia~ International Collaborative Study of Hypertensive Disorders of Preg- naney) 1988 Geographic variation in the incidence of hypertension in pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 158(1):80-83. Wright, N.H., M.P. Vessey, B. Kenward, K. McPherson, and R. Doll 1978 Neoplasia and dysplasia of the eelvi~c uteri and eontraeeption: A possible protective effect of the diaphragm. British Journal of Cancer 38(2):273-279. A. . . ~ m~c a, Susan 1989 The relationship between maternal mortality and fertility. ~ A.M. Pamell (ed.), Contra- ceptive Use and Controlled Fertility: Health Issues for Women and Children. Washing- ton, D.C.: National Academy Press.