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23 CHAPTER SIX INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION FUNCTIONAL AREA DEFINITION FDOT performs the following best practice in the con- struction functional area: The construction functional area is responsible for managing the physical construction of the facility in the field, document- Internally: Contracting with IBM Corporation for the ing work progress, monitoring project quality and safety, and set-up of wireless networks on selected jobsites. This processing change orders and contractor payment requests. gives the on-site FDOT personnel Internet, web-based access to project information on laptops, tablet comput- ers, and personal digital assistants (PDAs). CONSTRUCTION FUNCTION DELIVERABLES Responses to the survey questionnaire revealed the deliver- able types or datasets shown in Table 10 as being received, Case Study: KYTC processed, or sent through the procurement functional area. Work-Flow Process Diagram. Figure 11 shows a data Responses are indicated by two numbers: response count fol- work-flow diagram for a construction functional area. lowed by percentage of total responses for the functional area. Software Applications Utilized. Table 11 displays the software applications and data formats extracted from ADVANCED PROCESSES the IDEF0 diagram for the KYTC construction functional area. KYTC performs the following best practice in the construc- Hardware and Networks. Hard-wired Ethernet Internet tion functional area: networks are deployed by the KYTC; wireless Internet networks are deployed by FDOT. Internally: XML is utilized whenever possible for export Challenges and Process Adjustments. No major issues and import of data between software applications. reported. TABLE 10 DATA RECEIVED, PROCESSED/GENERATED, SENT FROM DOT CONSTRUCTION FUNCTIONAL AREAS Data Type Receive Process/Generate Send Daily Diary 1246% 1869% 935% Certified Payroll 312% 312% 312% QA/Control 935% 1454% 1038% Work Progress (Quantity) 1662% 2077% 1869% Schedule Progress 1454% 1350% 1246% Meeting Minutes 1558% 1558% 1662% Survey 1454% 1662% 1350% Other Data: Subcontract Submittals 14% 14% 14% Change Orders 14% 28% 14% Engineering Estimates 14% 14% 14% Contract Extensions 14% Contractor Payments 28% 28% Contractor Pay Estimates 28% 14% 14% Contract Documents 14% 14% 14% Material Sampling/Testing 14% Standard Specifications 14% 14%

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24 FIGURE 11 KYTC data work-flow diagram for construction functional area.

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25 TABLE 11 SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS AND DATA FORMATS USED BY KYTC CONSTRUCTION FUNCTIONAL AREA Function Software Application--Vendor Data Format E-mail client Outlook--Microsoft Closed/Proprietary Word processor Word--Microsoft Closed/Proprietary Construction management system Transport SiteManager--AASHTO Open/Proprietary Field documentation system SitePad FieldManager--AASHTO Open/Proprietary Spreadsheet Excel--Microsoft Closed/Proprietary Accounting eMars--KYTC