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63 airports and airlines. However, the loss of brand identity and individual airlines, as well as the loss of service control. Each technical interface concerns are major issues for the airlines airline will have its own opinion on this issue and may choose that will require acceptance by airline management. to maintain its brand identity despite the opportunities for Another critical factor for acceptance by airport stake- operational improvements and potential cost savings. holders is the relocation of curbside functions, particularly POV activities, to areas not directly adjacent to the terminal Suggestions for Further Research building. However, moving curbside operations to other locations such as a close-in parking garage (creating an APPF) Two key topics associated with the findings of this research or an OPPF could significantly reduce curbside congestion project warrant further investigation. First, passenger self- without the need for major capital expenditures and the tagging of baggage requires additional investigation as it has operational disruptions typically associated with terminal the potential to provide great benefits to airport operators and roadway modifications. airlines alike. Topics for inclusion in further research of pas- senger self-tagging of baggage might include the following: Potential Impediments to Implementation Regulations regarding positive passenger identification and There are several potential impediments to implementation baggage screening in countries where passenger self-tagging of the innovations. First, an airport operator's decision regard- of baggage is allowed, ing how to accommodate the 300-ft rule, as well as the Technologies or methods used to facilitate passenger self- potential for prolonged heightened threat advisory levels, tagging, could greatly affect the viability of several innovations, in- Baggage-handling implications of passenger self-tagging, cluding the APPF and passenger assistance parking area. and Another potential impediment is funding. Several innova- Passenger-processing rates associated with the different tions such as passenger-processing facilities or arrivals lounges methods for implementing passenger self-tagging. may require the use of PFC revenues, which have to be approved by the airlines and the FAA. Airline approval may Another topic for further investigation would be the optimal be difficult to obtain if the innovations do not provide addi- configuration for the bag-check plaza innovation, as well as tional revenue that could be used to lower the airline rates the financial feasibility of providing this feature. Key research and charges at the airport. Improvements to passenger levels topics might include the following: of service alone are difficult to justify, particularly if the proj- ect does not enhance capacity or operational efficiency. Determination of the balance between parking spaces and The loss of brand identity is another major obstacle to queuing based on the acceptable time in queue; implementing certain innovations, particularly the process- Investigation of the most effective layouts; based departures hall, passenger-processing facilities, and Baggage-handling options for various locations (i.e., close-in bag-check plaza. To be viable, these innovations require versus remote); and common-use technology to aggregate the demand of several Potential opportunities to generate additional revenue by airlines. The result would be a loss of brand identity for combining a bag-check plaza with various parking options.