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OCR for page 7
SECTION III Type of Problem Being Addressed General Description of the Problem Historically, approximately one-third of all fatal traffic crashes involve speeding, as shown in Exhibit III-1. Section III details characteristics of speeding-related fatalities and fatal crashes obtained from a review of recent literature and the NHTSA Fatality Analysis Recording System (FARS) database. As shown in Exhibit III-2, there were 42,708 total fatalities on the roads in the United States in 2006; 13,543 (32 percent) of these fatalities occurred as a result of a speeding-related crash. Of these, only 13 percent of all speeding-related traffic fatalities occurred on Interstate roadways, while 72 percent occurred on non-Interstate roads, 29 percent occurred on low-speed non- Interstate roads (defined for the purpose of this report as roads with a speed limit of 40 mph or less), and 43 percent occurred on high-speed non-Interstate roads (roads with a speed limit of 45 mph or more). According to Traffic Safety Facts 2006--Speeding, roadways with unknown or no statutory speed limits accounted for 15 percent of speeding-related fatalities (NHTSA, 2006). Of the speeding-related fatal crashes, 43 percent occurred in urban areas and 56 percent in rural areas. As an agency seeks to address speeding-related crashes, it may be necessary to coordinate implementation of strategies, especially education and enforcement strategies, with other agencies in neighboring jurisdictions or at a different governmental level. EXHIBIT III-1 Historic Trend in All Fatalities That Are Speeding-Related Source: FARS data (NHTSA, 2006a) 40% Percentage of Speeding-Related Fatalities 30% 20% 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year III-1
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SECTION III--TYPE OF PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED most common cause of speeding-related fatalities on low speed-roads (11%), while rear-end collisions were the second most common cause of speeding-related fatalities on high-speed roads (10%). Non-Motorists 563 pedestrians were involved in speeding-related fatal crashes in 2006; 307 of these were on low-speed roadways, and 232 were on high-speed roadways. III-10