Click for next page ( 35


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 34
34 References 1. AASHTO. "A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets." 15. Agent, K. R., and J. G. Pigman. "Safety Impacts of Rural Road Con- Washington, DC (2001). struction," Report KTC-01-01. Kentucky Transportation Center, 2. Mason, J. and K. Mahoney. NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice Lexington, KY (2001). 316: Design Exception Practices. Transportation Research Board of 16. Harwood, D. NCHRP Report 330: Effective Utilization of Street the National Academies, Washington, DC (2003). Width. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 3. Stamatiadis N., K. Agent, and J. Pigman. "Design Exceptions and Washington, DC (1990). Safety." Conference Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on 17. Neuman, T., M. Schwartz, L. Clark, and J. Bednar. NCHRP Report Highway Geometric Design. Chicago, IL (2005). 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solu- 4. FHWA. Flexibility in Highway Design, FHWA-PD-97-062. Wash- tions. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, ington, DC (1997). Washington, DC (2002). 5. AASHTO. A Guide for Achieving Flexibility in Highway Design. 18. Fambro, D., K. Fitzpatrick, and R. Koppa. NCHRP Report 400: De- Washington, DC (2004). termination of Stopping Sight Distances. Transportation Research 6. Hauer, E. "Safety in Geometric Design Standards I and II," Con- Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC (1997). ference Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Highway 19. Gladwell, M. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Geometric Design. Mainz, Germany (2000). Difference. Little, Brown and Company (2000). 7. Highway Safety Manual Home Page. Transportation Research 20. Stamatiadis, N., J. Pigman, and D. Hartman. "Safety Consequences Board of the National Academies. www.highwaysafetymanual.org. of Flexibility in Highway Design--Final Draft Report," NCHRP Accessed May 10, 2008. Project 15-22. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC 8. Fitzpatrick, K. and M. Wooldridge. NCHRP Synthesis of Highway (2004). Practice 299: Recent Geometric Design Research for Improved Safety 21. iTrans Consulting. "NCHRP Project 17-27 Interim Report." and Operations. Transportation Research Board, National Research NCHRP 17-27: Project Parts I and II of the Highway Safety Man- Council, Washington, DC (2001). ual. Richmond Hill, Ont., 2005. 9. Zegeer, C. and J. Deacon. "Effect of Lane Width, Shoulder Width, 22. Lord, D., B. Persaud, S. Washington, J. Ivan, I. van Schalkwyk, and Shoulder Type on Highway Safety." State of the Art Report 6. C. Lyon, T. Jonsson, and S. Geedipally. NCHRP Web-Only Docu- Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, ment 126: Methodology to Predict the Safety Performance of Rural Washington, DC (1987); pp. 121. Multilane Highways. Transportation Research Board of the National 10. Fitzpatrick, K., P. Carlson, M. Brewer, M. Wooldridge, and S. Miaou. Academies, Washington, DC (2008). NCHRP Report 504: Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed 23. Transportation Research Board. Highway Capacity Manual 2000. Practices. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- Washington, DC (2003). ington, DC (2000). 11. Zegeer, C. and F. Council. Safety Effectiveness of Highway Design 24. Hauer, E. "Lane Width and Safety," www.trafficsafetyresearch.com Features, Volume III: Cross Sections, FHWA-RD-91-046. FHWA, (2000). Washington, DC (1992). 25. Hadi, M. A., J. Aruldhas, L. Chow, and J. Wattleworth. "Estimat- 12. Zegeer, C., J. Hummer, L. Herf, D. Reinfurt, and W. Hunter. Safety ing Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Various Highway Cost-Effectiveness of Incremental Changes in Cross section Design-- Types Using Negative Binomial Regression," Transportation Re- Informational Guide, FHWA-RD-87-094, FHWA. Washington, DC search Record 1500. Transportation Research Board, National (1987). Research Council, Washington, DC (1995); pp. 169177. 13. Zegeer, C., J. Hummer, L. Herf, D. Reinfurt, and W. Hunter. 26. Harwood, D., E. Rabbani, K. Ricard, H. McGee, and G. Gittings. Safety Effects of Cross Section Design for Two-Lane Roads, FHWA- NCHRP Report 486: Systemwide Impact of Safety and Traffic Oper- RD-87-008. FHWA, Washington, DC (1987). ations Design Decisions for 3R Projects. Transportation Research 14. Council, F. M., and J. R. Stewart. "Safety Effects of the Conversion of Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC (2003). Rural Two-Lane to Four-Lane Roadways Based on Cross-Sectional 27. Harkey, D. L., R. Srinivasan, J. Baek, F. M. Council, et al. NCHRP Models," Transportation Research Record 1665. Transportation Report 617: Accident Modification Factors for Traffic Engineering and Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC (1999); ITS Improvements. Transportation Research Board of the National pp. 3543. Academies, Washington, DC (2008).

OCR for page 34
35 28. Miaou, S., R. Bligh, and D. Lord. "Developing Median Barrier Instal- 39. Elvik, R. "The Safety Value of Guardrails and Crash Cushions" lation Guidelines: A Benefit/Cost Analysis Using Texas Data," Trans- Accident Analysis and Prevention. 27(4), (1995); pp. 523550. portation Research Record 1904. Transportation Research Board of 40. Agent, K. and J. Pigman. Safety Impacts of Rural Road Construction, the National Academies, Washington, DC (2005); pp. 319. Report KTC-01-01, Kentucky Transportation Center, Lexington, 29. Agent, K. and J. Pigman. Accidents Involving Vehicles Parked on KY (2001). Shoulders of Limited Access Highways, Report KTC-89-36. Kentucky 41. Washington, S., B. Persaud, C. Lyon, and J. Oh. Validation of Accident Transportation Center, Lexington, KY (1989). Models for Intersections, Report No. FHWA-RD-03-037. FHWA, 30. Hauer, E. "Shoulder Width, Shoulder Paving and Safety," www. Washington, DC (2005). trafficsafetyresearch.com (2000). 42. Lord, D., and J. Bonneson. "Development of Accident Modification 31. Rogness, R., D. Fambro, and D. Turner. "Before-After Accident Factors for Rural Frontage Road Segments in Texas." Transporta- Analysis for Two Shoulder Upgrading Alternatives," Transporta- tion Research Record 2023, Transportation Research Board of the tion Research Record 855. Transportation Research Board, National National Academies, Washington, DC (2007); pp. 2027. Research Council, Washington, DC (1982); pp. 4147. 43. Myers, R. Classical and Modern Regression with Applications, 2nd ed. 32. Harwood, D., F. Council, E. Hauer, W. Hughes, and A. Vogt. Pre- Duxbury Press, Pacific Grove, CA (2000). diction of the Expected Safety Performance of Rural Two-Lane High- 44. Lord, D. "Modeling Motor Vehicle Crashes Using Poisson-gamma ways, Report FHWA-RD-99-207. FHWA, Washington, DC (2000). Models: Examining the Effects of the Low Mean Problem and Small 33. Hauer, E. "The Median and Safety," www.trafficsafetyresearch.com Sample Size on the Estimation of the Fixed Dispersion Parameter." (2000). Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38(4) (2006); pp. 751766. 34. Council, F., and J. Stewart. "Safety Effects of the Conversion of 45. Hughes, W., K. Eccles, D. Harwood, I. Potts, and E. Hauer. NCHRP Rural Two-Lane to Four-Lane Roadways Based on Cross Sectional Web-Only Document 62: Development of a Highway Safety Manual. Models," Transportation Research Record 1665. Transportation Re- "Appendix C: Highway Safety Manual Prototype Chapter: Two-Lane search Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC. (1999); Highways." Transportation Research Board of the National Acad- pp. 3543. emies, Washington, DC (2005); www.highwaysafetymanual.org/ 35. Strathman, J., K. Duecker, J. Zang, and T. Williams. Analysis of (accessed May 2008). Design Attributes and Crashes on Oregon Highway System, Report 46. SAS Institute Inc. Version 9 of the SAS System for Windows. Cary, FHWA-OR-RD-02-01. FHWA, Washington, DC (2001). NC (2002). 36. Elvik, R. and T. Vaa. Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Elsevier, 47. Oh, J., C. Lyon, S. Washington, B. Persaud, and J. Bared. "Validation Oxford, UK (2004). of FHWA Crash Models for Rural Intersections: Lessons Learned." 37. Neuman, T., R. Pfefer, K. Slack, K. Hardy, H. McGee, L. Prothe, Transportation Research Record 1840. Transportation Research Board K. Eccles, and F. Council. NCHRP Report 500, Volume 4: A Guide of the National Academies, Washington, DC (2003); pp. 4149. for Addressing Head-On Collisions. Transportation Research Board 48. Mitra, S., and S. Washington. "On the Nature of Over-Dispersion of the National Academies, Washington, DC (2003). in Motor Vehicle Crash Prediction Models," Accident Analysis & 38. Fitzpatrick, K., D. Lord, and B. Park. "Accident Modification Prevention (in press). Factors for Medians on Freeways and Multilane Highways in 49. Lord, D. and J. Bonneson. "Role and Application of Accident Mod- Texas," Transportation Research Record 1665. Transportation Re- ification Factors Within Highway Design Process," Transportation search Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC. (2008); Research Record 1961. Transportation Research Board of the National pp. 6271. Academies, Washington DC (2006); pp. 6573.