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12 C H A P T E R 1 Introduction and Background This report documents the work completed for the Strategic liest stages of long-range planning and project development Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) Project C02 A Systems- to reduce the frequency and severity of unforeseen issues and Based Performance Measurement Framework for Highway constraints. Capacity Decision Making. The goal of SHRP 2 C02 is to cre- The performance measurement framework provides a ate a state-of-the-art performance measures framework that source for a comprehensive evaluation of highway capacity individual transportation agencies and other public agen- projects by identifying performance measures across a wide cies can adapt to support the needs of both agencies and range of planning factors (transportation, environmental, eco- stakeholders in the decision-making process for major nomic, community, and cost). These measures allow trans- transportation capacity projects. The framework focuses on portation agencies to review a large number of potential systems providing performance-related data that enable transporta- (transportation, development, natural environmental, etc.) tion agencies to address the challenges most common in the that may be impacted by a transportation investment. expansion of highway capacity. It emphasizes performance measurement as a tool to place individual projects within a A Consistent Evaluation Process system context. The SHRP 2 Capacity effort supports a consistent evaluation of highway capacity expansion projects that can help to speed Motivation and Objectives up the planning and project development process by making To meet the goal of the project, the research team focused on sure that work done in the planning stage is useful at later three key objectives: stages of project development. The performance measurement framework provides an 1. To develop a framework to implement performance mea- opportunity to improve the consistency of decision making surement through all stages of project development--from by organizing a set of performance measures used in decision long-range planning through environmental review; making that are linked to each stage of the planning and proj- 2. To systematically integrate environmental, economic, and ect development process. community considerations into the analysis of highway expansions; and Intended Users 3. To support the collaborative decision-making framework being developed by the SHRP 2 C01 team. The primary users of the performance measurement frame- work are likely to be transportation agencies, especially state Underlying the development of the performance measure- departments of transportation (DOTs) and metropolitan plan- ment framework is an understanding of several clear motivat- ning organizations (MPOs), though large counties and cities ing factors for the overall SHRP 2 Capacity program effort. also may find useful measures to help with transportation capacity planning. A secondary set of users includes natural resource agencies A Comprehensive Evaluation and land use permitting agencies (typically municipalities) The SHRP 2 Capacity effort supports a comprehensive eval- that play a vital role in shaping transportation infrastructure uation of highway capacity expansion projects from the ear- projects.