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31 SHRP 2 C02 Generic Example Specific Factor Objective Agency Objective Mobility Reduce Recurring Congestion Arizona DOT Long-Range Maintain and enhance the ability of goods and Improve Travel Time Transportation Plan people to move through and around urban areas with minimal delay. Air Quality Reduce greenhouse gas emissions Florida DOT Florida Make transportation decisions that conserve from transportation sources Transportation Plan and optimize nonrenewable resources and Climate Change promote the use of renewable resources (Environment (materials, facilities, and sources of broadly) energy) and include strategies to decrease greenhouse gases and air pollutants. Land Use Integration of land use and Oregon DOT Oregon Support the sustainable development of land transportation planning efforts Transportation Plan with a mix of uses and a range of densities, land use intensities, and transportation options in order to increase the efficiency of the transportation system. Support travel options that allow individuals to reduce vehicle use. Table 3.2. Example-Specific Objectives Used to Organize Performance Measures data and scale requirements change across stages and as the most prominent factors in the consideration of major measures? transportation capacity expansion. Several broad objectives · Quantity versus Quality What number of measures and are defined for each factor. associated data collection and analysis provide the highest · SHRP 2 Performance Measures Within each factor, a return on investment to support effective performance- handful of summary level measures are defined. These based decision making? summary level measures are meant to have the broadest applicability. They are measure concepts that require refine- ment to be specifically applied. What is in the Framework · Measure Applications and Case Studies For each SHRP 2 Chapters 4 through 8 describe the SHRP 2 C02 Performance measure, one or more specific example measures are Measurement Framework in more detail. Each section pres- defined. Also, each factor includes at least one specific case ents the relevant material for each of the five factors identi- study that applied one of the measures in the SHRP 2 fied above. The remainder of this section provides a short framework. introduction to the material that can be found in these sec- · Data Gaps and Investments Detailed information has tions and in the web tool. been compiled on the primary data requirements of each of the performance measures identified as part of the · Literature Review For each of the five broad areas, the performance measurement framework. In addition, the relevant literature reviewed as part of this effort is pre- research team undertook an analysis of potential data gaps sented. This literature provides the context within which and worked to identify high-return investments in data the measures were developed. collection, management, and data sharing in the environ- · Performance Factors and Objectives Each of the broad mental and community areas. Data investments that can areas is separated into a number of factors that capture the be leveraged to address multiple purposes were of particu- range of issues within that area. For example, transporta- lar interest. Detailed treatments of each factor are included tion includes mobility, accessibility, reliability, and safety in Appendix B.