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22 APPENDIX A Survey Questionnaire SURVEY FOR AIRPORT OPERATORS TO IDENTIFY THE REQUIREMENTS AND TRAINING TO OBTAIN DRIVING PRIVILEGES ON AIRFIELDS The Transportation Research Board's Airport Cooperative Research Program has commissioned a study to identify the requirements and training to obtain driving privileges on airfields. The goal of the research is to synthesize the salient information on different methods and programs presently in use in a single document which can be used as a reference by airport authorities. As someone with experience in this area, we would like to have your input on this subject. Please be assured that your responses will be kept in strictest confidence, to be aggregated with all other responses. It is estimated that this questionnaire will take approximately 30 minutes to 45 minutes to complete. Airport: _______________________________________________________ LOC ID: __________ Name: ________________________________________________________ Title: _________________________________________________________ Phone No: ____________________________________________ E-mail Address: _______________________________________ SECTION 1. GENERAL 1. Approximately how many new driver authorizations to drive on the airside (i.e., the movement or the non-movement areas) does your airport issue every year? a. Non-movement area ___________________________ b. Movement area ___________________________ 2. Approximately how many people are authorized to drive on the movement area (i.e., taxiways or runways) of your airport? _______________ 3. In addition to those people identified in Question 2, approximately how many other people are authorized to drive on the non- movement area (i.e., ramp/apron and perimeter roads) of your airport? __________________________________________ 4. Do you have driver training requirements for drivers that are required to drive on the airside (i.e., the movement or the non- movement areas)? Yes No N/A 5. If you answered "yes" to Question 4, does the driver training requirement include training for (check all that apply): a. Airport staff (Police, ARFF, Operations, Maintenance) b. Air carrier personnel and air carrier support services (e.g., Caterers) c. FBO personnel d. Military e. FAA Technical Operations personnel f. Other government agencies (e.g., TSA, Customs) g. Other tenants h. We do not require driver training for drivers limited to the non-movement areas of the airfield. 6. Does the required training differ between movement area and the non-movement area of the airfield? Yes No N/A

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23 7. Approximately what grade level is the material used in the driver training curriculum aimed at? a. Lower than 5th grade comprehension b. 5th to 8th grade comprehension c. 9th to 12th grade comprehension d. unknown 8. Do you teach driver training in any language(s) other than English? Yes No N/A 9. If the answer to Question 8 is yes, what language(s)? 10. If the training is taught only in English, do you allow interpreters to assist any employee whose primary language is not English in taking the test? Yes No N/A 11. If the training is taught in a language other than English, approximately how many years ago was this instituted: a. Within the last 2 years b. 2 to 4 years c. 4 to 6 years d. More than 6 years ago 12. How often is the airport's driver training program updated? a. Approximately every 6 months b. Approximately once a year c. Approximately once every 2 years d. Whenever there is a need e. Never 13. For how long does the airport operator maintain an individual's driver training record? (Check only one.) a. As long as the person continues to drive on the airfield. b. At least 6 months after the person leaves the airport. c. At least 12 months after the person leaves the airport. d. At least 2 years after the person leaves the airport. 14. Are all drivers required to possess a valid driver's license (including commercial drivers licenses) issued by a state (not necessarily the state in which the airport is located)? Yes No N/A 15. Is there a mechanism in place for the airport authority to be made aware of when a driver, who has driving privileges on the airport, has had his/her state driving license suspended? Yes No N/A 16. Does the airport driving permit automatically cease when a driver has had his/her state driving license suspended for any reason? Yes No N/A 17. What enforcement provisions are in the airport's driver program that can be used to effect compliance with the driving rules and regulations? (Check all that apply.) a. The airport operator can suspend or revoke the driving privileges. b. The airport operator can levy a fine. c. There is a graduated penalty system (e.g., $25 for the first offense, $50 for the 2nd offense, suspension for the 3rd offense). d. The airport operator requires remedial driver training in case of violations of the rules and regulations or in case of a runway incursion. e. Other enforcement provisions f. We have no enforcement provisions

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24 18. Who is responsible for ensuring that drivers, authorized to drive on the airside of the airport, comply with the airport's driving rules program? (This includes speed limits, driving under jet bridges, number of carts that can be towed at one time by a tug, operating outside of traffic lanes, etc.) (Check all that apply.) a. The airport police b. Airport operations personnel c. Dedicated ramp safety personnel d. All of the above 19. How often are the personnel identified in the question above required to observe the driving practices on the airside of the airport? (Check only one.) a. Daily b. At least once a month c. At least once every 3 months d. At least once every 6 months e. Other f. Never 20. Generally speaking, how many driving incidents of noncompliance with the airport operators drivers training program are identified during a typical week? (Check only one.) a. 1 to 5 b. 6 to 10 c. 11 or more SECTION 2. NON-MOVEMENT AREA 21. Does the airport operator allow FBOs, air carriers, or other tenants to train their own employees or to contract out to a 3rd party for non-movement area driver training? Yes No N/A 22. If the answer to Question 21 is "yes," does the airport operator periodically monitor and review the training being provided? Yes No N/A 23. If the answer to Question 22 is "yes," how often does the airport operator monitor or audit the tenant's or air carrier's program? (Check only one.) a. At least every 6 months b. At least annually c. At least every 2 years d. Other 24. If the answer to Question 21 is "yes," who administers the examination to the students? (Check only one.) a. The airport operator b. The FBO, air carrier, or other tenants c. No test is administered 25. The Driver Training program for non-movement area driving privileges consists of: (Check all that apply.) a. Reading manual b. Classroom instruction c. Computer-based training d. Computer simulator e. Written test f. Driving test g. Oral exam h. On-the-job training (actual driving under the supervision of a qualified driver or trainer) i. Other 26. If classroom instruction is used for non-movement area driver training, how many hours is the training?

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25 27. If a driver is limited to certain areas of the airfield (e.g., the ramp/apron), how does the driver know where the driving area is restricted? (Check all that apply.) a. There is a movement/non-movement area boundary line b. There are signs telling the driver that only official vehicles may proceed beyond this point c. No signs or markings--the boundary is explained in the training program 28. If the airport operator issues actual non-movement area driver permits (some sort of physical permit) to all who successfully complete the training program, please check the appropriate box. a. A ramp drivers permit b. Notation on the airport ID badge c. Color coding of the airport ID badge d. Other e. Does not issue any type of non-movement area driving permit 29. What topics are covered in non-movement area training? (Check all that apply.) a. Airport rules and regulations b. Speed limits c. Meaning of airfield signs d. Meaning of airfield markings e. Aircraft dangers (jet blast) f. Right-of-way g. Others 30. Does the airport operator require recurrent training for those drivers that have non-movement area privileges? Yes No N/A 31. If the answer to Question 30 is "yes," how often is recurrent training required? (Check one only.) a. At least annual b. Between 1 and 2 years c. More than 2 years 32. If the airport operator has a recurrent training program for the non-movement area, approximately how many hours is the training program? 33. The recurrent driver training program for the non-movement area consists of (check all that apply): a. Reviewing the driver manual b. Classroom instruction c. On-the-job training (actual driving under the supervision of a qualified driver or trainer) d. Computer simulator e. Discussion of past driving incidents on non-movement areas f. Other 34. Are contractors who work on the non-movement area required to attend an airport driver training program? Yes No N/A 35. If the answer to Question 34 is "yes," who provides the driver training for contractors that will be working on the non- movement area? a. Airport operator does the training b. Contracting party is required to do the training c. All contractors are under escort d. The area in which the contractor is working is cordoned off SECTION 3. MOVEMENT AREA 36. Who are authorized to drive on the movement area at your airport (check all that apply): a. Airport police b. Aircraft rescue and fire fighter personnel c. Airport operations personnel

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26 d. Maintenance personnel e. FBO employees f. Air carrier personnel g. FAA technical operations personnel h. Contractors/airport vendors i. Other federal government agency personnel (TSA, Customs, etc.) 37. Are there perimeter roads on your airport that drivers can use that would eliminate the need for crossing runways? Yes No N/A 38. Are drivers required to use the perimeter roads when they have no reason to be on a taxiway or runway? Yes No N/A 39. Who conducts movement area driver training for the airport staff? a. Public safety personnel (such as the Airport Police) b. Operations c. Tenant or FBO acting as an agent of the airport operator d. Other 40. Who conducts movement area driver training for non-airport staff? a. Public safety personnel (such as the Airport Police) b. Operations c. FBOs, air carriers, or other tenants d. Other 41. The course content for initial (as opposed to recurrent) movement area driving privileges consists of which of the following (check all that apply): a. Runway and taxiway markings b. Runway and taxiway lighting c. Land and hold short procedures d. Surface Movement Guidance Control System procedures e. Nighttime driving training f. Location of critical areas for navigational equipment g. Proper communications with Air Traffic Control h. Radio-out procedures i. Runway incursion awareness j. Other 42. The initial Driver Training program for movement area driving privileges consists of (check all that apply): a. Reading manual b. Classroom instruction c. Computer-based training d. Computer simulator e. Written test f. Driving test g. Oral exam h. On-the-job training (actual driving under the supervision of a qualified driver or trainer) 43. If classroom instruction is used for movement area driver training, how many hours is the instruction? 44. Does the movement area driver training program include nighttime familiarization for drivers? Yes No N/A 45. If the airport operator issues actual movement area driver permits (some sort of physical permit) to all who successfully complete the training program, please check the appropriate box. a. An airfield drivers permit b. Notation on the airport ID badge c. Color coding of the airport ID badge d. Other e. Does not issue any sort of movement area driving permit

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27 46. Does the airport operator require recurrent training for those drivers that have movement area privileges? Yes No N/A 47. If there is a recurrent training program for drivers in the movement area, approximately how many hours is the recurrent training program? 48. If there is a recurrent driver training program for drivers on the movement area, how often is recurrent training required of those drivers? (Check one only.) a. At least annual b. Between 1 and 2 years c. More than 2 years 49. The recurrent driver training program for the movement area consists of (check all that apply): a. Reviewing the driver manual b. Classroom instruction c. Computer-based training d. Computer simulator e. Written test f. Driving test g. Oral exam h. On-the-job training (actual driving under the supervision of a qualified driver or trainer) i. Discussion of past driving incidents on an airfield (which may have led to a runway incursion or surface incident) j. Other 50. When the Tower is operational, there is a requirement to have 2-way communication between the Tower and a driver in the movement area. Do the airport operator and Air Traffic Control allow cell phones to be used for this communication? Yes No N/A 51. If your airport were to have a runway incursion or surface incident caused by a vehicle operator who has been approved to be in the movement area, do you, as a matter of course, have your driver training program reviewed for correcting any shortcomings that may be in the program? Yes No N/A 52. Are contractors who work on the movement area required to attend an airport driver training program? Yes No N/A 53. If the answer to Question 52 is "yes," who provides the driver training for contractors that will be working on the movement area? a. Airport operator does the training b. Contracting party is required to do the training c. All contractors are under escort d. The area in which the contractor is working is cordoned off 54. Does the airport operator require that all vehicles operating in the movement area have a diagram of the airport accessible to the vehicle operator? Yes No N/A SECTION 4. OTHER 55. Does the airport operator have a driver training program to train off-airport emergency responders that may respond to an emergency on the airside (i.e. the non-movement or the movement areas)? Yes No N/A 56. Are pilots allowed to drive their vehicles onto the airside to their hangars or aircraft? Yes No N/A

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28 57. If the answer to Question 56 is "yes," does the airport operator require these pilots to take the airfield driver training course before allowing them access to the airfield? Yes No N/A 58. If the answer to Question 57 is "yes," who conducts the driver training for the pilots? a. Airport operator does the training b. FBOs do the training 59. Does the airport operator have a training program specifically designed for pedestrians (non-drivers) before they are allowed access to the non-movement area? Yes No N/A 60. Does the airport operator have a training program specifically designed for pedestrians (non-drivers) before they are allowed access to the movement area? Yes No N/A