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32 APPENDIX D Examples of CertAlerts ADVISORY CAUTIONARY NON-DIRECTIVE FOR INFORMATION, CONTACT Bruce Landry, AAS-300 (202) 267-8729, Bruce.Landry@faa.gov DATE: August 10, 2007 No. 07-10 TO: Airport Operators, FAA Airport Certification Safety Inspectors, General Aviation Airport Operators TOPIC: Vehicle Pedestrian Deviation Runway Incursions Link to Supplemental Safety Training Powerpoint: http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/airport_safety/media/vpd_briefing.pdf Runway Incursions and Surface Incidents at Part 139 airports have risen appreciably during the fiscal year 2007. To date, the number of reported incursions exceeds the numbers recorded by the FAA in July of 2006. Part 139 requires Airport Operators to properly train and/or inform each individual with access to the movement and safety areas of the airport. During the fiscal year2006, the Airport Certification Program investigated approximately 300 surface incidents. Not all of these surface incidents resulted in Runway Incursions, but these numbers are increasing rather than decreasing. Through the end of July 2007, there havebeen 49 Runway Incursions caused by vehicles and/or pedestrians compared to 43 for the same month in 2006. A large number of Runway Incursions involve airport employees, to include ARFF, law enforcement, and airport operations staff, and these incursions are preventable with proper training and supervision. The FAA Airport Safety and Operations Office recommends Airport Operators review the following recommendations and suggestions and implement those measures that may be useful tools to reduce Runway Incursions and/or Surface Incidents. 1. Audit vehicle operator movement area permits for airport employees, air carrier employees, tenants and contractors to insure only those individuals whose duties and responsibilities require access to the ramp area or movement area are authorized. 2. Review the airports movement area drivers training program, particularly if the airport has changed its physical configuration, new roadways, new terminal buildings, hangars, movement/safety areas, etc. If the airport operator has authorized a tenant or air carrier to provide ramp/movement area training the airport operator should regularly audit these programs to ensure compliance with Part 139. 3. Require not only an administrative testing for "movement area" access but also a practical or OJT exercise so the individual can demonstrate competency in radio communications and driving skills. 4. Insure all personnel who access movement areas and safety areas and perform duties in compliance with the ACM receive recurrent movement/safety area drivers training. 5. AC 150/5210-20 Ground Vehicle Operations on Airports recommends that Airport Operators should establish procedures for enforcing consequences of non-compliance, including penalties for violations. Remedial drivers training is not considered a "consequence of non-compliance" but is highly recommended as part of the Airport Operators overall drivers training program. 6. Each AIP project involving construction on the airside requires a Safety During Construction Plan (SDC). The SDC Plan requires aggressive oversight by each airport operator to insure runway incursions and surface incidents are addressed. 7. Recommends any tenant, contractor or FBO with routine access to movement/safety areas, also be subject to recurrent movement area driver training similar to personnel covered under 139.303. This recommendation includes FAA personnel and their contractors. 8. Airport Operations Officers, as well as Airport Police or local law enforcement should be used to monitor ramp vehicle safety operations and take positive actions to increase vehicle safety awareness in both the ramp and movement areas. We have placed on the web at http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/airport_safety/media/vpd_briefing.pdf, a Runway Incursion PowerPoint, which was developed by the Lead Inspector, FAA Central Region. This presentation is an excellent supplemental training program. OSB 8/10/2007 Benedict D. Castellano, Acting Manager Date Airport Safety and Operations Division, AAS-300
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33 ADVISORY CAUTIONARY NON-DIRECTIVE FOR INFORMATION, CONTACT Bruce Landry, AAS-300 (202) 366-2337, Bruce.Landry@faa.gov DATE: 1/10/2007 No. 07-02 TO: Airport Operators, FAA Airport Certification Safety Inspectors, U.S. Government Employees/Contractors TOPIC: U.S Government Employees/Contractors Seeking Unescorted Motor Vehicle Access to the Movement Area at a Part 139 Certificated Airport, are Required to Meet the Specific Airport's Movement Area Access Requirements. This is to clarify the requirement for Airport Operators that are certificated under Part 139, to insure that each U.S. Government employee/contractor, seeking unescorted motor vehicle access to the airport operator's Movement Area, complete the airport's movement area drivers training program prior to operating a motor vehicle in the airport's movement area. Federal employees/ contractors, regardless of agency affiliation, are not exempt from the Airport Operator's movement area access requirements under Part 139.329. All federal employees/contractors whose responsibilities require unescorted motor vehicle access to the movement area at multiple Part 139 Certificated airports are required to comply with each airport's movement area access requirements. These requirements, usually in the form of a driver's training program, are not universal from one airport to the next, but require the federal employee/contractor, seeking unescorted motor vehicle access to the movement area, to first obtain appropriate training from each Part 139 Certificated airport. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) employees/contractors, requiring motor vehicle access to an airport Movement Area, must also comply with FAA Order 5200.7A, Airfield Driver Training for FAA Employees, prior to driving on the airfield of any airport. This FAA Order also requires FAA employees/contractors to comply with all driving regulations imposed by an airport operator. __________________________________ 1/10/2007 Benedict D. Castellano, Manager Date Airport Safety and Operations Division, AAS-300
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34 CERTALERT ============================================================= ADVISORY * CAUTIONARY * NON-DIRECTIVE AIRPORT SAFETY AND OPERATIONS DIVISION AAS-300 ============================================================= DATE: 08/26/2002 NO. 02-05 TO: AIRPORT CERTIFICATION SAFETY INSPECTORS TOPIC: DRIVER TRAINING SIMULATORS. Recently the FAA issued Advisory Circular 150/5210-20, Ground Vehicle Operations on Airports, encouraging airport operators to set up driver training programs on their airports. The training programs could be very simple, such as requiring drivers authorized to drive on the airside to read the airport rules and regulations that pertain to driving on ramps and aprons. These programs could also be more elaborate, with formal training sessions, examinations, and a requirement for demonstrating driver proficiency. In actuality, most programs will be somewhere in between. The purposes of these programs areto help avoid runway incursions and to protect the drivers of vehicles and their passengers, as well as the flying public. The training programs can benefit airline and tenant employees, as well as the airport owner's/operator's employees. Because of the seriousness of appropriate driver training, several companies have developed driver-training simulators. These come in 2 types--mobile and stationary. Both have advantages and disadvantages. A mobile simulator that was demonstrated to the FAA can be used not only for driver training, but also for training aircraft rescue and fire fighters in the proper handling of their vehicles and for airport maintenance personnel to train on snow removal equipment.The simulator can be modified to simulate ARFF equipment, snow removal equipment, as well as a variety of other types of vehicles. All in all, it was quite realistic and challenging. We would encourage airport owners and operators to consider the use of such a simulator to help train personnel and, in so doing, to help vehicle operators recognize and avoid conditions that lead to runway incursions. OSB 08/26/2002 Benedict D. Castellano, Manager Date Airport Safety and Operations Division