Click for next page ( 5

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 4
4 TABLE 1 RUNWAY INCURSIONS FISCAL YEARS 2004 THROUGH 2007 2004 2005 2006 2007 Total % Pilot Deviations 173 169 190 209 741 55 Operational Errors 97 105 89 105 396 29 Vehicle/Pedestrian 56 53 51 56 216 16 Deviations Total 1353 100 Source: Runway Safety Report (June 2008). equipment, there are vehicles that belong to the airport oper- Also available on the Internet are FAA documents that air- ator, such as aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicles, police port operators have used to modify airfield driver training vehicles, and maintenance vehicles travelling to and from programs for their use. One of the major documents is Advi- their work sites. sory Circular (AC) 150/5210-20, Ground Vehicle Operations on Airports, June 21, 2002, and change 1 to the AC, dated How is all this controlled and handled safely? Each airport March 31, 2008. Additionally, there are several CertAlerts on is different and unique. Some very large airports have training the FAA site. A CertAlert is an informational bulletin aimed programs for drivers on ramps and aprons in addition to pro- at airports certificated under 14 CFR Part 139. It carries no reg- grams for drivers on runways and taxiways. Some airports use ulatory status and is not enforceable. Some of the CertAlerts computer-based training as part of their curriculums. Some found on the FAA site concerned with the subject of air- small airports require pilots who have aircraft based on its air- field driver training and requirements include CertAlert 07-10, port to undergo driver training if they wish to drive to their Vehicle Pedestrian Deviation Runway Incursions; CertAlert hangar. Although there are many differences in the types of 07-02, U.S Government Employees/Contractors Seeking training programs used by airport operators, there are also Unescorted Motor Vehicle Access to the Movement Area at a many similarities to be found throughout the programs. Part 139 Certificated Airport Are Required to Meet the Spe- cific Airport's Movement Area Access Requirements; and CertAlert 02-05, Driver Training Simulators (see Appendix D). LITERATURE AND DATA SEARCH The FAA's airports line of business website is: airports_airtraffic/airports. An Internet search revealed little information on airfield driver training requirements, but did reveal many specific airport driver manuals. Many of the manuals are the basis SURVEY for obtaining an airport driving permit. There also can be A survey was developed in concert with the ACRP topic panel. found the changes and improvements that airport operators are It contained 60 questions on driving requirements adopted by taking to improve safety. As an example, the web contained an airport operators. The purpose was to determine what differ- article on an airport operator that procured and was installing ences and similarities exist among the various airports through- a computer-based system for airfield driver training, which out the country. There were also questions on the type of train- was to be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The system ing programs available to airport employees to see if there were consists of workstations where employees can access several differences in these programs based on where the employees computer programs administered using touch screen moni- were authorized to drive. Other questions dealt with initial tors for individualized training, including security training training programs as well as recurrent training program require- that is necessary to complete identification badging require- ments. A copy of the survey can be found in Appendix A. ments. The system automatically records and stores results in a centralized database that authorized personnel can access A draft of the survey was reviewed by the topic panel. Incor- at any time. porating their comments and suggestions, a final survey was developed and then validated by a separate airport operator. Vehicle/Pedestrian One hundred and five airports were selected to participate Deviations in the survey. These airports included large, medium, and Pilot 16% small commercial service airports, and general aviation air- Deviations ports. Driver training programs are more associated with air- Operational ports certificated under Part 139, Airport Certification, which 29% 55% requires that certain airports meet specific safety standards. Errors General aviation airports, depending on the size and the num- ber of operations, would be less likely to have driver training programs. However, several general aviation airports were FIGURE 1 Runway incursions 20042007. included to get an overview of what these airports may do to