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10 sets of interviews were critical in elaborating on gen- or whether it was completed by the bridge engineer or a eral themes identified in the literature and the survey delegate. Chapter three presents the main survey results responses. Interview results are also discussed in chap- in graphic form as a series of charts. Numerical tallies of ter three and are another key source explaining cur- responses to these questions are included in Appendix D. rent practice. The guides for both sets of interviews are Appendix E presents supporting survey results regarding included in Appendix B. Participants in these inter- factors that affect budgeting. views as well as respondents to the survey are listed in Appendix C. Because the survey response rate was less than desired, several efforts were made to strengthen findings on current Table 1 agency practice. Additional information was gained from TALLY OF QUESTIONNAIRES AND RESPONSES the 15 interviews noted previously and from several other Part B or C Part B or C sources--for example, comparison of Topic 37-07 survey Total by Budgeting by Bridge findings with those of related NCHRP studies, proceedings Item Tallied Number or Planning Engineer of several recent peer exchanges, and congressional testi- Number of question- mony regarding the condition of U.S. bridges, bridge safety, 60 and funding adequacy. This supplementary information is naires distributed Number of U.S. states reported in chapters three and four. 20 responding Number of Canadian Outline Of Report 4 provinces responding Total responses: states 24 Chapter two provides a brief history of the advancement of plus provinces bridge management over the past four decades. It begins Part A: Bridge Engineer section returns with sta- 24 -- -- with the inception of the National Bridge Inspection Stan- tistical data dards (NBIS) and progresses to today's general state of bridge management practice. Chapter three evaluates how Part B: Budget section returns with statistical 22 7 15 agencies apply their bridge management processes and their data BMS specifically to agency decision making, focusing on the Part C: Planning section several stages of planning and programming that deal with returns with statistical 17 6 11 resource allocation and project prioritization and selection. data Definition of bridge program objectives and performance Note:-- = not available. tracking against targets are also covered. Chapter four con- siders emerging trends that will affect bridge management practice, and potential research that could strengthen the Table 1 tallies the questionnaires and responses in application of bridge management to funding decisions. the study survey, in terms of both the number of overall This compilation of research needs draws from the litera- questionnaires distributed and received and the specific ture review, interviews, and survey responses. Summaries of numbers of results for each of the three parts of the ques- recent peer exchanges and of relevant items raised in recent tionnaire. Not all agencies completed all parts of the survey. congressional testimony are also included in this chapter. The numbers of useable statistical results were therefore Chapter five concludes the report. The five appendixes are less than the total number of responses. For Parts B and as follows: Appendix A, Survey Questionnaire; Appendix C (the Budgeting and Planning components, respectively), B, Interview Guides; Appendix C, Survey and Interviews Table 1 also identifies the organizational position of the Participants; Appendix D, Responses to Selected Survey respondents--that is, whether Part B or Part C was com- Questions; and Appendix E, Survey Responses: Factors pleted by the chief of budgeting or planning, respectively, Affecting Budgeting.