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Airport Finance 17 management can contact its local FAA airports district office (ADO) for assistance in develop- ing reasonable minimum standards. Minimum standards are often made part of an airport's commercial leases and address requirements such as intended scope of activities, site development standards, personnel expe- rience, financial stability, and insurance. Flying Clubs A flying club is typically a nonprofit entity formed as an organization, corporation, associa- tion, or partnership with the purpose of providing its members with a jointly owned and oper- ated aircraft. Minimum standards will often address the requirements set forth by the airport to operate the club from the airport. Standards established for flying clubs should provide for the noncommer- cial use of the aircraft for such things as charter, flight inspection, or rental. Entities established as flying clubs for the benefit of their members should not be authorized to provide commercial services to the public. Rules and Regulations The FAA highly recommends that the airport owner establish rules and regulations for the safe, orderly, and efficient operation of the airport. Rules and regulations are often referenced in airport lease agreements but are developed to apply to all persons using the airport for any reason. Like minimum standards, rules and regulations should be tailored for individual airports with public safety, preservation of facilities, and protection of the public in mind. Airport owners of federally obligated airports are required by grant assurances to establish and enforce fair, equal, and not unjustly discriminatory airport rules and regulations. Rules and regulations typically cover the general use of the airport for such issues as Aircraft rules, Personal conduct, Animals, Smoking, Waste containers and disposal, Storage, Pedestrians, Vehicle operations, Fueling safety, On-airport traffic rules, Environmental restrictions, Airport residences, Hangar construction, and Fire safety. Airport managers should periodically review established airport rules and regulations. Exclusive Rights FAA AC 150/5190-5, Exclusive Rights and Minimum Standards for Commercial Aeronautical Activities, provides airport managers with guidance pertaining to sponsor assurances and exclusive