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CHAPTER 3 Airport Operations Safety In the survey conducted for this guide, the majority of airport managers cited wildlife as their most significant safety threat, followed closely by theft, accidental aircraft incursions by the pub- lic, and vandalism. Airport security is a priority for 70% of the survey respondents. The survey showed that most airports have signage, fencing, and security plans and that many airport man- agers would like closed circuit television screens and card reader security gates. Figure 3 shows what practices survey respondents are employing to increase airport safety. Other safety preferred practices noted by survey respondents include Full-perimeter security fencing, with daily perimeter inspections; Controlled access (allowing only airport and FAA employees on the airfield); Random patrol by local police for additional security; and Coded electronic gates for vehicle access. Safety is clearly an issue for airport managers across the United States. Public Protection Awareness It is the airport owner's responsibility to undertake every effort to protect the public from haz- ards that may exist in the airport environment. The general public visiting the airport should be clearly reminded of these hazards and generally not given access to the airfield unless under super- vision. Safeguards to prevent inadvertent entry to the airfield and protection from aircraft blast can be provided through fencing, signage, public announcements, and proactive maintenance. Emphasis should be placed in areas of common use such as parking lots, sidewalks, terminals, and FBO facilities. Routine maintenance tasks, construction, and weather are common factors that may lead to additional hazards. Airfield Signs, Fencing, and Lighting Aircraft movement areas--including, but not limited to, runways, taxiways, ramps, and hangar access routes--present an obvious and important hazard to the general public unfamiliar with the operating procedures in these areas. Unauthorized vehicles, pedestrians, bicyclists, and pets are concerns that need to be addressed. A common method to prevent inadvertent access is to erect fencing and gates to define the area. In addition, airport property "no trespassing" signs provide awareness of the airport environment and security procedures that may be in place. Such signs should be placed every 200 feet, at each access point, and on each fence corner. Well-lighted park- ing lots, sidewalks, and additional pedestrian areas will help improve visibility hazards and provide a certain level of deterrence for unwanted activities. The FAA regulations for airport markings, 28