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CHAPTER 1 Airport Organization Governance Types of Airport Ownership Several types of ownership exist for public-use airports in the United States. Typically, ownership and operation of an airport are conducted by the same entity, such as a city, county, state, or special unit of government. Airports can be established and maintained by the following jurisdictions: · Airport authorities, · Counties, · Municipalities, · Joint countycity commissions, · Park districts, · Port authorities, · Bi-state authorities, or · Private owners. The research team conducted a survey across the United States and found that most airports do have an airport manager responsible for it. As shown in Figure 1, 73% of respondents indicated that an airport manager managed their airport, while 13% indicated that the fixed-base operator (FBO) served as the airport manager. Structure and Role of the FAA, State, and Airport The FAA is charged with making sure that aviation in the United States is safe. The FAA's major functions are to · Regulate civil aviation to promote safety and fulfill the requirements of national defense; · Encourage and develop civil aeronautics; · Develop and operate a common system of air traffic control and navigation for both civil and military aircraft; · Conduct research and development with respect to the National Airspace System and civil aeronautics; · Develop and implement programs to control aircraft noise and other environmental effects of civil aviation; and · Regulate U.S. commercial space transportation. An administrator and deputy administrator head the FAA. Reporting to the administrator are six associate administrators who direct the line of business organizations that carry out the FAA's principal functions. The chief counsel and eight assistant administrators are responsible for other 3