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40 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports Part 1548--Indirect Air Carrier. Applies to indirect air carriers, such as freight forwarders. It requires such carriers to adopt and carry out a security program and describes requirements for preventing the carriage of unauthorized explosives or incendiaries aboard passenger aircraft. Twelve-Five Rule. Requires certain aircraft operators using aircraft with a maximum certifi- cated takeoff weight (MTOW) of 12,500 pounds or more to establish and maintain a security program. Private Charter Rule. Similar to the Twelve-Five Rule but adds additional requirements for aircraft operators using aircraft with a MTOW greater than 45,500 kilograms (100,309.2 pounds) or with a seating configuration of 61 or more. Safety and Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports Although the TSA regulates airport owners and operators serving air carrier operations, a set of guidelines has been established and recommended for the remaining airports to implement. The document, titled Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports, is an excellent resource when developing or revising an airport security program. The guidelines can be found on the TSA website ( The document recognizes that every airport is unique and a specific assessment is needed to determine the vulnerability of each facility. Within the document is an Airport Characteristic Measurement Tool to help determine which security enhancements are appropriate based on loca- tion, number of based aircraft, runway size, and operations specific to a facility. The document also covers various security enhancement recommendations that include physical aspects as well as per- sonnel training, surveillance, and reporting procedures. An airport manager should also establish a relationship with the local TSA representative for his or her geographic area. Although the TSA may not have jurisdiction over the airport, the TSA representative can be a valuable source of infor- mation on airport security issues. The TSA, in coordination with the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA), has imple- mented a general aviation hotline [866-GA-SECURE (1-866-427-3287)] for reporting any sus- picious activity on or around the airport. The hotline was developed to complement the AOPA's Airport Watch Program, which can be viewed in detail on the AOPA website ( airportwatch/). In addition, ACRP Synthesis 3: General Aviation Safety and Security Practices, iden- tifies current practices in safety management and security, including FBO practices, and presents low-cost and easily implemented practices and ideas that may be transferable to many airports. Incorporation of State and Local Regulations Incorporating state and local regulations into the airport security program is important to main- tain consistency of enforcement procedures with the applicable agencies. Also, some states may have laws that refer to airport security. Regulations obviously vary for each airport in this regard, so it is important to establish a point of contact for each agency and compare the airport security program with state and local regulations. In some cases, local ordinances specific to the airport's operations may need to be established and adopted by the local governing body to enforce airport security procedures. Development of an Airport Security Program When initially developing an airport security program, establishment of a committee represent- ing airport management, airport tenants, and local law enforcement is recommended. Individuals with knowledge of the airport's operations, tenant operations, and local law enforcement proce- dures contribute to the success of such a program. These individuals serve a key role when com-