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Airport Planning and Development 63 Development and Construction Standards Projects funded under the AIP must be developed in accordance with the policies, standards, and specifications developed by the U.S.DOT. The FAA has the responsibility of determining whether all construction work accomplished under the AIP is in accordance with federal standards. This section will outline some of the standard procedures for airport facility development and dis- cuss some of the accepted measures for conducting construction operations on an airport. Prior to design, an airfield development project must be shown on an approved airport layout plan. Prior to construction, proper environmental and stormwater clearances must be obtained as discussed in the previous section of this chapter. Design Development Predesign Conference Predesign conferences should be conducted to ensure that the sponsor, the engineer, airport staff, and airport users are aware of the design, safety, and construction requirements and under- stand their individual responsibilities. The predesign conference, convened and conducted by the sponsor or authorized agent, should be used to discuss various items relating to design parameters, airport safety, routing of aircraft and equipment, sequencing of construction operations, environ- mental considerations, and civil rights requirements. The magnitude, type, and location of the project, as well as potential changes in airport use and operations due to the project, will determine the need for a predesign conference. A predesign con- ference is essential when a project is of sufficient complexity to affect airport operations during construction. Possible conflicts between construction activities and the operation of the airport should be resolved at this meeting. Attendees of the predesign conference should include the sponsor's engineer, airport man- agement, airport users including any airlines or FBOs, any applicable environmental agency representatives, any potentially affected utilities, and the representative from the FAA Airports Division. The predesign conference should discuss the scope of work and the design parameters peculiar to the project, including items such as design aircraft, local conditions and materials, use of recy- cled materials, design options, use of FAA standards, and any materials furnished by others. Design Review Meetings Depending on the complexity of the project, additional design review meetings may be neces- sary to ensure that all aspects of the project have been incorporated into the plans, specifications, and estimate of cost. Design review meetings are generally held when the project is 30%, 60%, and 90% complete but should be scheduled as needed. Engineer's Report An engineer's report should be submitted with the plans and specifications and should detail the decisions of the design review meetings and some of the critical design factors. A typical engi- neer's report will include the following: · Scope of proposed project; · Design alternatives and the reason for the selected design; · Pavement design: typical sections, allowable loadings, design aircraft, etc.; · Drainage design computations; · Lighting design and explanation of equipment;