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64 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports Explanation of any deviations from FAA standards; Reasons for any modifications to construction standards; Description of any non-federally funded work to be included in the contract; Engineer's estimate of construction/contract cost; and Provisions included in the plans and specifications to carry out environmental mitigation actions resulting from the environmental coordination process. Construction Plans One of the most important keys to a successful construction project is to have a well-thought- out plan for construction. Following is a list of some typical components of an airport construc- tion plan set: Title sheet and drawing index, Project site plan and survey control, Construction safety and operations plan, Phasing plan, Project quantities, Soil borings, Typical sections, Erosion control plan, Removals plan, Grading and drainage plan, Drainage details, Existing or proposed contours, Plan and profile sheets, Pavement marking plan and details, Cross sections, Electrical plans and details, Fencing plan, and Landscaping details. Construction Specifications The project's specifications supplement the plans and describe in greater detail the requirements of the materials to be used, what testing and quality assurance methods are required, and how the work will be measured and accepted for payment. The project specifications should also state the time allowed for project completion, labor and wage rate requirements, civil rights requirements, and any other technical and legal requirements of the contract. Projects funded under the AIP must conform to the guidelines established in FAA AC 150/5370-10A, Standards for Specifying Construction of Airports. As stated within this advisory cir- cular, many of the standards are not to be incorporated verbatim, but rather are to provide options to the engineer when preparing a specification to ensure that sound engineering judgment is applied to consider the unique conditions of the project (12). In certain instances, state specifications are implemented. On approval by the FAA, these state specifications may be incorporated in construction contracts by reference. The state specifications must be readily available to all parties interested in such contracts. FAA airport field representatives, designated by regional offices, have the authority to approve modifications to standards if the modifications provide acceptable levels of safety, economy, dura- bility, and workmanship and are necessary to meet local conditions.