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OCR for page 65
Airport Planning and Development 65 Construction Safety and Operations Plans/Safety Manuals Airport expansion projects often require the presence and movement of construction labor and equipment near critical airport traffic areas. The proximity of construction activities and airport operations needs to be carefully considered during the planning of construction site layouts in order to minimize and eliminate all potential construction-related hazards to aviation safety. The FAA has issued guidance to airport operators in the form of AC 150/5370-2E, Operational Safety on Airports During Construction (13). Some of the highlights of this advisory circular are presented in this subsection. Basic Safety Plan Considerations The airport operator should determine the level of complexity of the safety plan that is neces- sary for each construction project and its phases. Details for a specified safety plan, or requirements of a contractor-developed safety plan, should be discussed at the predesign and preconstruction conferences and should include the following items, as appropriate: Actions necessary before starting construction, including defining and assigning responsibilities; Basic responsibilities and procedures for disseminating instructions about airport procedures to the contractor's personnel; Means of separating construction areas from aeronautical-use areas; Navigational aid requirements and weather; Marking and lighting plan illustrations; and Methods of coordinating significant changes in airport operations with all the appropriate parties. Safety Plan Checklist To the extent applicable, the safety plan should address the following: Scope of work to be performed, including proposed duration of work; Runway and taxiway marking and lighting; Procedures for protecting all runway and taxiway safety areas, obstacle-free zones, object- free areas, and threshold-citing criteria, including limits on equipment height and stockpiled material; Areas and operations affected by the construction activity, including possible safety problems; NAVAIDs that could be affected, especially critical-area boundaries; Procedures and equipment, such as barricades (identify type), to delineate closed construc- tion areas from the airport operational areas, as necessary; Limits on construction; Required compliance of contractor personnel with all airport safety and security measures; Location of stockpile construction materials, construction site parking, and access and haul roads; Radio communication procedures with the ATCT or other parties; Vehicle identification; Trenches and excavations: distances from pavements, cover, and slope requirements; Procedures for notifying RFF personnel if water lines of fire hydrants must be deactivated or if emergency access routes must be rerouted or blocked; Emergency notification numbers and procedures for medical and police response; Use of temporary visual aids; Wildlife management; Foreign object debris (FOD) control provisions; Hazardous material management; NOTAM issuance; and Procedures for locating and protecting existing underground utilities.