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84 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports This certification may require additional investment in safety and security measures as well as upgraded facilities to meet initial certification guidelines. Certification may also require facility enhancement over time to meet demand or to maintain compliance with all rules and regula- tions. These operational requirements concern Records and personnel, Paved surfaces, Unpaved surfaces, Safety areas, Snow and ice control, Handling and storing of hazardous substances and materials, Traffic and wind direction indicators, Airport emergency plan, Self-inspection program, Pedestrian and ground vehicles, Obstructions, Protection of NAVAIDs, Public protection, Wildlife hazard management, Airport condition reporting, Identification, marking, and lighting of construction and other unserviceable areas, Noncompliance conditions, Inspections, Aircraft rescue and firefighting, and Airport security requirements (49 CFR Chapter XII Subchapter C). Community Compatibility Airports offer increased accessibility to communities and provide economic growth opportu- nities in the cities and regions where they are located. The accessibility and opportunities usu- ally result in additional commercial, residential, and tourism development. This growth can lead to conflicts between community development and the airport--which may have been the catalyst that started growth in the first place. Quite often, local community officials are not aware of the special requirements regarding land use that airports require, such as building height limitations, aircraft approach and departure corridors, and runway safety zones. Additionally, they may not appreciate the need for zoning to restrict residential or other incompatible land uses in proximity to the airport. Airport management should work with community officials to ensure that the airport, including its current and future needs, are considered and are a part of the community's comprehensive plan. The benefit of such planning can Minimize noise, light, and vehicle traffic impacts on the community, Maximize aviation safety and functionality, Preserve property values even while the airport expands, and Ensure compatibility with local community goals. In most cases the airport manager will be responsible for educating the community and its leaders on airport and aviation issues. This education will include participating in community planning to ensure that the airport and the community it serves will continue to be compatible with and complementary to each other as they both grow.