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CHAPTER 5 Airport Toolbox 5.1 Airport Toolbox Organization This chapter provides a toolbox for assessing how key infrastructure elements at an airport can support traditional GA and/or commercial operations by new generation aircraft. Table 5-1 matches the Airport and Air Taxi Readiness levels identified during the self-evaluation in Chapter 4 with the key infrastructure areas that may need attention in order to support airport readiness for new generation aircraft. The elements in Table 5-1 are listed by the anticipated level of readiness, but this is only a suggestion because each airport is unique. The intent of the evalua- tion and toolbox guide is not to limit or restrict an airport from addressing other factors, but to help an airport operator focus on the factors that will most help it be ready to meet the needs of new generation GA aircraft. In addition to addressing the need of traditional GA operations, the Ground Access and Ground Handling Services sections include additional considerations that apply primarily to commercial operations related to the air taxi evaluation discussed in Chapter 4. The toolbox also focuses on air- port infrastructure, facilities, and personnel. Demographic and economic considerations applica- ble to all airports, regardless of infrastructure, were addressed in Chapter 3. Community outreach issues will be addressed in Chapter 6. 5.2 Airfield Infrastructure 5.2.1 Airport Reference Codes and Minimum Facility Requirements The FAA provides facility development guidance through a series of Advisory Circulars (ACs). The FAA identifies the facility requirements to serve a specific type of aircraft based on the max- imum takeoff weight, aircraft approach speed, and wingspan of what are termed "critical air- craft." These aircraft characteristics are used to identify the Airport Reference Code (ARC) for a specific airport, which is listed on the Airport Layout Plan (ALP). The layout plan is a set of draw- ings showing the existing conditions and planned improvements for the airport. Table 5-2 lists the five Aircraft Approach categories and six Airplane Design Group categories that together define the ARCs. The new generation GA aircraft that are the focus of this guidebook typically range from ARC A-I to ARC B-II. Weighing less than 12,500 pounds maximum takeoff weight, they are all in the FAA's classification of small aircraft. In FAA AC 150/53090-13, Airport Design, the FAA groups the runway requirements for ARC A and B together. Throughout the Airport Toolbox, the standards for ARC B-I and B-II will focus on small aircraft only because these standards encompass all of the new generation aircraft being considered. 28
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Airport Toolbox 29 Table 5-1. Airport readiness toolbox reference guide. Element Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Airfield Infrastructure (Section 5.2) Instrument Approach (Section 5.3) Ground Access (Section 5.4) Ground Handling Services (Section 5.5) Landside Development (Section 5.6) Airside and Landside Functions The airside and landside functions of an airport combine to provide the overall experience by the user. In the current context, the Airfield Infrastructure and Instrument Approach elements of the toolbox make up the airside functions, while Ground Access, Ground Handling Services and Landside Development make up the landside functions. The interrelationships of the airside and landside functions are illustrated below.