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Airport Toolbox 43 pose of the aircraft operation. Any special considera- tions for commercial operations are identified within Key Ground Access Questions each of the ground access subsections below. How can arriving pilots and passengers Operators of locally based aircraft have an established travel from the airport to the community? method of ground transportation. Aircraft being oper- Are there personnel at the airport to help ated for business or corporate purposes may also have arrange transportation and/or provide an established means of arranging for ground trans- directions? portation. However, commercial operations by new Is good signage in place to make it easy generation aircraft that may bring or draw new users to find the airport from the community? to the airport need assistance with ground access from For air taxi operators, is there signage to the airport operator. where the operator is located on the Although personal vehicles and airport courtesy cars airfield? may meet the needs of traditional GA operations by If there is public transportation in the new generation aircraft, they may not be adequate for community, does it serve the airport? commercial operations. Public ground transportation Are phones, maps, directions, etc. readily probably will be extremely important for commercial available? operations, where passengers may have many different Is road access user-friendly and can it destinations. Depending on community size, taxi ser- accommodate airport travelers by use of vice, rental cars, and/or some form of on-demand pub- different modes of transportation? lic transportation may be needed. Passengers arriving via chartered aircraft may be able to make arrange- ments via the charter company. The passenger's choice of ground transportation depends largely on trip time from origin to destination. According to the FAA AC 150/5070-6B, Airport Master Plans: If total trip time is under three hours, travelers are particularly sensitive to the duration of the ground access portion of an air travel trip. The regional roadway network, on-airport circulation roadways, and parking facilities are the principal components of the ground access system. Although ground transportation options may be more limited at GA airports, the elements in the process are similar. These elements include Storage of vehicle during trip Mode of ground transportation Routing information Signage Each community and each airport is unique, so no particular recommendation is appropri- ate for all. One of the most important steps in analyzing ground access is to understand the type of operations at the airport and the related needs of the airport users. The airport operator can ascertain the types of operations by interviewing key users of both based and transient aircraft as well as airport-based businesses. It is important to understand current ground access patterns and options as well. 5.4.1 Automobile Parking Adequate automobile parking is important. Parking needs to be provided for airport users, employees, and patrons of other on-airport businesses. Automobile parking requirements are likely to be greater at airports that support commercial operations. The physical areas reserved for automobile parking should be paved if possible, well marked and signed, and clear of weeds or undesired vegetation. The area should have good access to the airport entrance road