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44 Airports and the Newest Generation of General Aviation Aircraft or public road that serves the airport and the parking area should be as close as possible to the facilities from which passengers are dropped off or will be boarding aircraft. ADA parking requirements should also be incorporated. The amount of area needed to accommodate automobile parking is driven by the passen- ger traffic that the airport currently has and is anticipating. A general rule of thumb for auto- mobile parking is that a parking lot appears to be full if 85% of the parking spaces are full. Therefore, it is prudent to plan for approximately 118% of the necessary number of parking spaces to accommodate passenger traffic. As a starting point, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) Fact Card provides an estimate of 2.5 passengers per general aviation air- plane. This figure needs to be increased as the size of the aircraft using the airport increases. A typical straight-in (90) automobile parking space ranges from a minimum of 8.5 feet wide and 18 feet deep to 10 feet wide by 20 feet deep with a 20-foot wide travel lane. However, local development standards may dictate the required parking space size as well as the number of ADA-accessible spaces. If rental cars or other vehicles are kept at the airport, provisions to park these vehicles are also needed. For automobile parking associated with FBO operations and corporate tenants, well thought out policies about the location, setbacks, aesthetics, and maintenance of the area will reflect well on the airport. At a minimum, parking must be sufficient to accommodate employees and patrons; beyond that, the amount of space required can be determined in many ways. 5.4.2 Passenger Pick-up and Drop-off Along with vehicle parking, the provision of a passenger pick-up area can enhance the customer service experience at an airport. If passenger pick-up occurs at the airport, either via private vehi- cle, public transportation, or taxi, it is beneficial to have a curb front close to the terminal facility. The required length of the curb front should be determined based on the potential number of wait- ing vehicles, which in turn should be determined based on usage during a busy day. The curb front area should be wide enough for a vehicle to be parked and one to pass by. To serve automobiles, it is typical to provide two 10- to 12-foot-wide lanes. 5.4.3 Mode of Ground Transportation When assessing the mode of transportation, it is important for the airport operator to identify what is feasible in the community and how the mode of transportation can best be accommodated on the airport. Although private vehicles may be the most common mode of transportation, an air- port should explore other options that may be available. Is there public transportation that is or could provide access to the airport? Can arrangements be made to have rental cars available at the airport either through rental agencies or possibly an automobile dealership? Depending on the level of activity at the airport, an FBO may handle rental car arrangements as part of the services pro- vided. Is taxi service available in the community? Depending on the level of demand, taxi service could be staged or by call. Table 5-6 identifies issues that should be considered for the various modes of ground transportation. 5.4.4 Routing Information Although the airport operator cannot directly influence the off-airport transportation system, it is helpful to convey airport needs to the agencies responsible for the surrounding transportation sys- tem. Other agencies that may be involved with surrounding surface transportation include the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Transit Administration (FTA), State