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Airport Toolbox 53 services, communities may also provide airport familiarity and aviation-specific response training to fire department personnel. 5.6.2.2 Airport Maintenance Building Landside development may also include airport operator-owned buildings to support mainte- nance responsibilities, including but not limited to, mowing, facility repair, and snow removal (in northern climates). These buildings are generally sized on a case-by-case basis to meet the needs of the airport operator. 5.6.2.3 Security Although GA airports are not under the same guidelines as commercial FAA Part 139 airports, GA security regulations have become more strict since the terrorist attacks of September 11th and are anticipated to become even stricter over time. Limiting airfield access and providing well- lit facilities is important to creating a safe and secure environment. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has published security guidelines for GA airports. These guidelines rec- ognize that every GA airport is unique. The TSA guidelines include a self-evaluation tool to help airports identify the most appropriate security measures to consider. Also, a national hot- line (866-GA-SECURE) has been established to allow for the reporting of suspicious activity at GA airports. 5.7 Summary This chapter provides airport operators with general guidance for evaluating the current capa- bility of an airport to accommodate the various sizes of new generation GA aircraft. Airport devel- opment is complex and requires compliance with federal, state, and local regulatory measures and standards. This document is not intended to replace professional planning and design services or agency coordination, but to provide information to help the airport operator determine what assis- tance may be required. 5.8 Helpful References and Resources ACRP Synthesis 3: General Aviation Safety and Security Practices, http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/ acrp_syn_003.pdf. This synthesis study identifies current practices in safety and security at GA airports. It reviews resources used by the general aviation community in (1) developing safety and security programs and funding sources and (2) addressing issues that determine the amount of money spent on such programs. This synthesis also describes current practices that GA airports use to keep facilities safe and secure. American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE) training program website, http://www.aaae.org/training_ professional_development/interactive_employee_training/. The Interactive Employee Training (IET) System is an interactive computer-based training system that uses digital video captured on location at an airport. The interactive program is loaded onto specialized, dedicated IET workstations installed at the airport. The IET operating system automatically stores and tracks each individual training record. Consortium for Aviation System Advancement, Florida NGATS Airports Classification Report, http://www.casa. aero/adminUploads/CASA%20Florida%20NGATS%20Airport%20Classification%20Report%20A.pdf. This report establishes a Next Generation Air Transportation System (NGATS) classification standard to classify an airport based on the facilities and services available at that airport. U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), Airport Ground Access Planning Guide, http://ntl.bts.gov/DOCS/AGAPP.html. This report outlines the process for planning ground access to airports within the context of current laws, regulations, and procedures. The report identi- fies the key components of an airport access work program, discusses performance measures, and provides extensive information on alternative strategies for improving airport access conditions. Erect-a-Tube.com. Erect-a-Tube Hangar Size Chart, http://www.erect-a-tube.com/size_2.html. This site provides a list of aircraft models and wing spans, heights, and lengths with Erect-A-Tube's associated hangar model.

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54 Airports and the Newest Generation of General Aviation Aircraft FAA Advisory Circular 150/5070-6B, Airport Master Plans, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/ advisory_circulars/media/150-5070-6B/150_5070_6b_chg1.pdf. This advisory circular provides guidance for preparing master plans for airports that range in size and function from small GA to large commercial service facilities. Specifically, Chapter 4 covers a public involvement program and Chapter 8 covers airport facility requirements. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5190-4A, Model Zoning Ordinance to Limit Height of Objects Around Airports, http:// rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/35e1883669b46c6a86256c690074e9 20/$FILE/150_5190_4a.pdf. This advisory circular provides a model zoning ordinance to be used as a guide to control the height of objects around airports. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5190-6, Exclusive Rights at Federally Obligated Airports, http://www.airweb.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/3df9402e6cae52048625725d00699cb2/$FILE/ 150_5190_6.pdf. This advisory circular provides guidance on how an airport operator can comply with the statutory prohibition on the granting of exclusive rights, which is one of the obligations assumed by the air- port sponsors of public airports that have accepted federal assistance, either in the form of grants or property conveyances. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5190-7, Minimum Standards for Commercial Aeronautical Activities, http://www. faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5190-7/150_5190_7.pdf. This advisory circular provides basic information pertaining to the FAA's recommendations on minimum stan- dards and related policies for commercial activities on airports. Although minimum standards are optional, the FAA highly recommends their use and implementation so as to minimize the potential for violations of Federal obligations at federally obligated airports. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5200-33B, Hazardous Wildlife Attractants on or Near Airports, http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/532dcafa8349a872862573540068c023/$FILE/ 150_5200_33b.pdf. This advisory circular provides guidance on certain land uses that can attract hazardous wildlife on or near public-use airports. It also discusses airport development projects (including airport con- struction, expansion, and renovation) affecting aircraft movement near hazardous wildlife attractants. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5200-36, Qualification for Wildlife Biologists Conducting Wildlife Hazard Assessments and Training Curriculums for Airport Personnel Involved in Controlling Wildlife Hazards on Airports, http:// rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/9F72C90F40350F598625719B006A 018D?OpenDocument&Highlight=wildlife. This advisory circular describes the qualifications for wildlife biol- ogists who conduct Wildlife Hazard Assessments for airports certificated under Title 14, CFR Part 139 (14 CFR, Part 139). In addition, it addresses the minimum wildlife hazard management curriculum for the initial and recurrent training of airport personnel involved in implementing an FAA-approved Wildlife Hazard Management Plan. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5220-10D, Guide Specification for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Vehicles, http:// www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5220-10D/150_5220_10d. pdf. This advisory circular contains information, references, and guidelines for a family of aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) vehicles. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-13, Airport Design, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/ advisory_circulars/media/150-5300-13/150_5300_13.pdf. This advisory circular contains the FAA's stan- dards and recommendations for airport design. Specifically, Appendix 16 addresses new instrument approach procedures. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-14B, Design of Aircraft Deicing Facilities, http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_ Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/f78f1ca0bb3a1f7a862573ed004fddcc/$FILE/150_5300_14b.pdf. This advisory circular provides standards, specifications, and guidance for designing aircraft deicing facilities. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-16A, General Guidance and Specification for Aeronautical Surveys: Establishment of Geodetic Control and Submission to the National Geodetic Survey, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/ airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5300-16A/150_5300_16a.pdf. The establishment of geodetic control by permanent survey monuments in the airport vicinity is critical to the National Airspace System (NAS). These monuments and their accurate connections to the National Spatial Reference System (NSRS) assure accurate relativity between surveyed points on an airport and between these points and other surveyed points and facilities in the NAS, including the navigation satellites. This advisory circular explains the specifi- cations for establishing geodetic control on or near an airport. It also describes how to submit the information to the National Geodetic Survey (NGS) for approval and inclusion in the NSRS in support of aeronautical information surveys. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-17B, General Guidance and Specifications for Aeronautical Survey Airport Imagery Acquisition and Submission to the National Geodetic Survey, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/ resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5300-17B/150_5300_17b.pdf. This advisory circular provides the specifications for Airport Imagery acquisition and how to submit the imagery for review and approval in sup- port of aeronautical information and airport engineering surveys.

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Airport Toolbox 55 FAA Advisory Circular 150/5300-18B, General Guidance and Specifications for Submission of Aeronautical Surveys to NGS: Field Data Collection and Geographic Information System (GIS) Standards, http://www.faa.gov/ airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5300-18B/150_5300_18B_planning_ guidance_only.pdf. The primary purpose of this advisory circular is to list the requirements for data collection conducted at airports in support of the FAA Airport SurveyingGIS Program. FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5320-6D, Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation, http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_ and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/F514949B9B3E8AE686256C750070206E?OpenDocument &Highlight=pavement. This advisory circular provides guidance on the design and evaluation of pavements at civil airports. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5320-12C, Measurement, Construction and Maintenance of Skid Resistance Airport Pavement Surfaces, http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/2b97b 2812be290e986256c690074f20c/$FILE/150-5320-12C.pdf. This advisory circular provides guidance on how to locate and restore areas on the pavement surface where friction has deteriorated below acceptable levels for aircraft braking performance. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5325-4B, Runway Length Requirements for Airport Design, http://www.faa.gov/ airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5325-4B/150_5325_4b.pdf. This advisory circular provides guidance for airport designers and planners to determine recommended runway lengths for new runways or extensions to existing runways. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5340-1J, Standards for Airport Markings, http://www.airweb.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_ Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/8852E94E6586FDD28625700300509565?OpenDocument&High light=standards%20for%20airport%20markings. This advisory circular contains the FAA standards for mark- ings used on airport runways, taxiways, and aprons. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5340-30D, Design and Installation Details for Airport Visual Aids, http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library/rgAdvisoryCircular.nsf/0/260F28AEBB44618F862574E300685FAA?Open Document. This advisory circular provides guidance and recommendations on the installation of airport visual aids, including lighting systems. FAA Advisory Circular 150/5360-9, Planning and Design of Terminal Buildings at Non-Hub Locations, http://www. faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/advisory_circulars/media/150-5360-9/150_5360_9.pdf. This advi- sory circular provides guidance material for the planning and design of airport terminal buildings at nonhub locations. FAA, Design Software, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/construction/design_software/. This web- site links to software programs relevant for various aspects of airport pavement design and airspace analysis. FAA, Airport/Facility Directory, http://www.naco.faa.gov/afd.asp?cycle=afd_15JAN2009&eff=01-15-2009&end= 03-12-2009. This publication details the facilities available at public use airports in the United States. FAA Bulletin, Best Practices--Surface Access to Airports, http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/resources/ publications/reports/media/bulletin_1_surface_access_best_practices.pdf. This document provides informa- tion to facilitate airport coordination with surface transportation agencies. It also identifies current and future research in the planning and design of airport surface access facilities related to terminal curbside, access roads, and pedestrian walkways. FAA, Digital Procedures Publication, http://www.naco.faa.gov/index.asp?xml=naco/online/d_tpp. This provides PDF files of the U.S. Terminal Instrument Procedures, including approach, arrival, and departure procedures. The document includes the instrument procedure as well as associated minimums. FAA, Maximizing Airport Operations Using the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), http://www.faa.gov/ about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ato/service_units/techops/navservices/gnss/media/MaximizingAirport OperationsUsingWAAS.pdf. This document provides an overview of the benefits that WAAS offers to airports and provides information on the steps that airports can take now to begin realizing these benefits. FAA, Next Generation Air Transportation System website, http://www.faa.gov/about/initiatives/nextgen/. This site provides information and updates on the development of FAA's NextGen initiative. FAA Order 6850-2A, Visual Guidance Lighting Systems, http://www.faa.gov/documentLibrary/media/Order/ND/ 6850.2A.pdf. This order contains installation criteria for all visual guidance lighting systems. FAA Order 8260.3, US Terminal Instrument Procedures (TERPS), http://rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_ Library%5CrgOrders.nsf/0/12B3D4C9B4F46DCE862572D700538895?OpenDocument. This order contains the criteria used to develop instrument approach procedures for airports. FAA, Wildlife Hazard Mitigation website, http://wildlife-mitigation.tc.faa.gov. This site provides users with infor- mation that will allow them to better understand and practice wildlife hazard mitigation at airports through wildlife control. FAA and USDA, Wildlife Hazard Management for Airports, a Manual for Airport Personnel, http://wildlife.pr. erau.edu/EnglishManual/2005_FAA_Manual_complete.pdf. This manual contains a compilation of informa- tion to assist airport personnel in conducting Wildlife Hazard Assessments and in developing, implementing, and evaluating Wildlife Hazard Management Plans.

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56 Airports and the Newest Generation of General Aviation Aircraft FAR Part 77 (14 CFR Part 77), Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace, http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/ waisidx_07/14cfr77_07.html. This Federal Aviation Regulation establishes the standard for determining if a structure (e.g., antenna tower, flag poles, lights, etc.) is an obstruction of navigable airspace. FTA, Americans with Disabilities Act, http://www.fta.dot.gov/civilrights/civil_rights_2360.html. This site provides information on The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) which prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity and access for persons with disabilities. General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA), Statistical Databook and Industry Outlook. http://www. gama.aero/media-center/industry-facts-and-statistics/statistical-databook-and-industry-outlook. GAMA pro- duces a statistical databook each year containing general aviation and general aviation manufacturers' activity. National Air Trade Association (NATA), http://www.nata.aero. NATA represents aviation service businesses. Some ground handling service providers use the services of NATA to train personnel. National Business Aircraft Association (NBAA), Professional Development Programs, http://www.nbaa.org/. NBAA represents companies who use GA aircraft. NBAA offers a range of professional development pro- grams and certification information. National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) website, http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html. This site provides an archive of historic weather data. Transportation Research Board (TRB), Intermodal Access to Airports, A Planning Guide--A Good Start, http:// ntl.bts.gov/lib/7000/7500/7502/789764.pdf. This document has been prepared to help airport operators, local governments, MPOs, consultants, and others identify the nature of airport access problems, identify alternative solutions, and evaluate their effectiveness. TSA, Airport Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports, http://www.tsa.gov/assets/pdf/security_guidelines_ for_general_aviation_airports.pdf. This guidance document is intended to provide GA airport owners, oper- ators, and users with guidelines and recommendations on aviation security concepts, technology, and enhancements. It is a set of federally endorsed security enhancements for GA airports and a method for deter- mining when and where these enhancements may be appropriate. TSA, Security Initiatives: General Aviation, http://www.tsa.gov/what_we_do/tsnm/general_aviation/security_ initiatives.shtm. This site gives advice for security related to the GA industry. University of Nebraska, Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage Handbook, http://icwdm.org/handbook/index. asp. This document details identification, control, and management measures for over 90 species of wildlife.