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Information on Committee Members STEERING CO~ITT:EE Robert E. Bum (Chairman) is an emeritus professor of bio- chem~stry at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His scientific ac- compl~shments include research on biological nitrogen fixation, respi- ration of plants, photosynthesis, and hydrobiology. He has served on numerous committees of the NAS/NRC and on national and interna- tional panels. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He is a past president of the American Society of Plant Physiologists. Fakhri A. Bazzaz is the H. H. Timken Professor of Science In the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard Uni- versity. His research includes physiological ecology, plant community organization, the recovery of damaged ecosystems, and the rising CO2 concentrations and global change. He has served on several NAS/NRC committees and Is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Ralph W. F. Hardy is the president of the Boyce Thompson In- stitute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, and deputy chairman, BioTechnica International Inc., a biotechnology firm. His research interests focus on plant biology, biochemistry of nitrogen fixation 16S

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166 and carbon input into crop plants, and photosynthesis. BioTechnica is active in developing products of biotechnology. He has served on numerous committees of the NAS/NRC and other national ~d international panels. Edward I. Eorwek received his doctorate in biochemistry from the University of Pittsburgh and his law degree from Duquesne Uni- versity Law School. He is a partner with the law firm of Hogan & Hartson in Washington, D.C., where he specializes ~ regulatory law. He has served on the NIH Recombinant Advisory Comrn~ttee and is currently on the Agriculture Biotechnology Research Advisory Com- mittee. He is a on the Editorial Advisory Board of Biotechnology Law Report. Richard E. [enski (Chairman, Subcommittee on Microorgan- isms) is an associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Lenski has conducted studies in population and evolutionary genetics, including applica- tions that relate to stability and the fate of genetically engineered m~croorganisrns. He was a consultant to the Office of Technology As- sessment and was also one of the authors of the April 1989 Ecological Society of America document on environmental release of genetically ~ . . engineered m~croorgantsrns. Eugene W. Nester Is a professor and chairman of the Deparment of Microbiology at the University of Washington, Seattle. His ret search interests include bacterial-plant interactions and the genetic engineering of higher plants by Agrobacteri7tm. Stanley ]. Peloqu~n (Chairman, Subcommittee on Plants) is the Campbell Bascom Professor of Horticulture and Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Peloquin's research is on cytogenetics and evolution, and he is a specialist in potato breeding. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Calvin O. Qualset is a professor in the Department of Agronomy, University of California, Davis, and director of the California Genetic Resource Conservation Program. His research is directed at the genetics and evolution of disease resistance in plants, analysis of quantitative genetic variation in plants, breeding of barley, wheat, oats, triticale and rye, and genetic resources conservation ~ plants. He has served on numerous NAS/NRC comrn~ttees and has been the president of the Crop Sciences Society of America and editor in chief of its journal.

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167 Ralph S. Wolfe Is a professor in the Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana. He has studied the metabolism and physiology of bacteria including methanogens and archaebacteria. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. SUBCOMMITTEE ON MICROORGANISMS Richard E. Lenski (listed with the Steering Committee), Chair man Peter J. BottomIey Is a professor of microbiology and soil science at Oregon State University, CorvaDis. Dr. Bottomiey has conducted studies in the physiology, biochemistry, and ecology of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms in both laboratory and field situations. He has been a consultant to USDA-AID and to the Plant Division of the Oregon Department of Agriculture. He is a member of the editorial board of Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Ananda M. Chakrabarty is a professor of microbiology at the University of Bl~nois College of Medicine, Chicago. Dr. Chakrabarty has conducted studies in biomedical sciences, in molecular cloning and genetic engineering with plasrnids, and in the genetic basis of hydrocarbon biodegradation. He has served on committees for the NAS/NRC, the Society of Industrial Microbiology, COGENE, the European Economic Community, and the European Molecular Biol- Ogy Organization. He is a Chairman of the P~e} of Scientific Ad- visors of the United Nations Tnclustrial Development Organization (UNIDO) International Center of Genetic Engineering and Biotech- nology. Rita R. ColweD Is the director of the Maryland Biotechnology Institute, director of the Center of Marine Biotechnology, and pros lessor of microbiology at the University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Colwell has conducted studies in marme biotechnology, marine and estuar~ne microbial ecology, survival and ecology of pathogens in the marine environment, dee~sea marine microbiology, microbial degradations, and release of genetically engineered m~croorganisrns into the environment. She has served as vice-president for acadern~c affairs at the University of Maryland, past president for the American Society for Microbiology, and on numerous NAS/NRC committees. Dr. Colwell Is president-elect of Sigma Xi, a member of the Na- tional Science Board, and vice president of the International Union of Microbiological Societics.

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168 studies In plant pathology as related the physiology, genetics, and molecular biology of AgrobacteTium spp. As part of these studies Dr. Farrand has been using genetic technology to engineer Unproved biological control systems for crown gall. He has served on U.S. Department of Agriculture and National Institutes of Health review panels, NRC workshops on plant-m~crobe interactions, and profes- sional society committees. Robert HaseD`orn is the F.~. Pritzker Distinguished Service Pro- fessor in the Departments of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Chemistry at the Univer- sity of Chicago. He is also the director of the Center for Photo- chem~stry and Photobiology at the university. Dr. Haselkorn has conducted studies of nitrogen fixation in cyanobacteria and in photo- synthetic bacteria, and of the function of nucleic acids In viruses and cellular organelles, and of virus structure. He has served on editorial boards and in the virology study section of the National Institutes of Health. He ~ the past president of the International Society for Plant Molecular Biology and a member of the Pane} of Scientific Advisors for UNIDO's International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Roger D. Milkman is a professor of biology at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. Dr. Milkman has conducted studies in nucleotide se- quence polymorphism, selection theory, genetic structure of species, population genetics, evolution, and molecular evolution. He has served with the genetics study section of NTH and on numerous edi- toria] boards. He has been the secretary of the American Society of Naturalists and the secretary of the Society of General Physiologists. Bum Sequen~a is the J.C. Walker Professor in the Department of Bacteriology and Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madi- son. Dr. Seque~ra has conducted studies in the molecular biology associated with virulence and aviruler~ce ~ plant-pathogenic bacte- ria, host-parasite interactions in bacterial diseases of plants, plant growth regulators, and the physiology of parasitism. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He has served on national and international committees and on numerous editorial boards; he wan manager of the USDA Competitive Grants Office and is past president for the American Phytopathological Society. James M. Tie~je is a professor of microbial ecology at Michigan State University, East Lansing. Dr. Liege has conducted studies in

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169 rucrobial ecology including denitrification, microbial metabolism of organic pollutants, and molecular methods to study soil populations. He has served on NSF, USDA and EPA panels and was editor-in- chief of Applied and Environmental Microbiology. He is chairman of EPA's Science Advisory Pane} that has reviewed all proposed U.S. field tests of genetically modified microbial pesticides. He was an author of the April 1989 Ecological Society of America document on environmental release. SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANTS Stanley J. Peloq In (listed with the Steering Committee), Chair man Roger N. Beathy is a professor of biology at Washington Uni- versity, St. Louis, Missouri. His research focuses on the control of synthesis of soybean seed proteins, plant viral messenger RNAs, ef- fects of virus gene products on infected host cells, and the genetic transformation of plants for virus resistance. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Donald N. DuviLk is vice president for research at Pioneer Hi- Bred International, ~c., Johnston, Iowa. His research interests are in cytoplas~c inheritance of pollen sterility in maize, immunologi- cal identification of plant proteins, developmental morphology and anatomy, and genetics. Dr. Duvick is past president of the National Council of Commercial Plant Breeders and of the Crop Science So- ciety of America. Robert T. Haley is manager of plant molecular biology at the Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Missouri. In addition, he is an adjunct professor at Washington University, St. Louis. His research interests are in genetic engineering of plants and the development of efficient systems for introducing and monitoring the expression of foreign genes in plant cells. He has had editorial responsibility for several professional journals. Richard N. Mack is a professor and chairman of the Depart- ment of Botany, Washington State University, Pullman. His research interests are pr~rnarily ~ the invasions of vascular plants in North America, plant population biology, and community ecology. Dr. Mack is a member of the Ecological Society of America. Anne Vidaver is a professor and head of the Department of Plant

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170 P~bology$ Onivershy ~ Nebraska, Lluco~. Her research interests are in pbytopatbogeuic Id beueSci~ bitterly, bacteriopbages, ma bacterioc~s. D~ Bidder ~ ~ alternate meter of the UsD^,s Agricultural Biotechnology Rese~cb Advisory Committee. She a ~11~ and bag been presided of the germs Pbytop~tbo~gic~ Society; she ~ a IDS of the America Association far the Advance meat ~ Science.