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9 Task 2 Identify the devices or practices to be evaluated; Describe the methodology to be used; Conduct a survey of U.S. LRT agencies to gather informa- List possible factors contributing to LRT safety, such as align- tion on the type of data that is collected after an LRT collision. ment type, engineering design, light rail vehicles characteris- This effort should include, but not be limited to, a description tics, type of control devices, and operating environment; and of the type of collision data provided to the state safety over- Include focus groups or other means of testing to identify sight agency, as well as the collision information provided to pedestrian and driver attitudes as they approach an LRT FTA and other regulatory agencies [Chapter 2, Chapter 3]. alignment. Task 3 Task 8 Collect and review collision data for the past 10 years from Submit an interim report that summarizes the findings of North American LRT systems, including root cause and con- Tasks 1 through 7. tributing factors. Information should be gathered from pub- lished and unpublished data reports as available from transit agencies and industry professionals [Chapter 3]. Phase II Task 9 Task 4 Assess the effectiveness of existing and innovative devices Conduct a survey of LRT systems in North America to iden- and practices of LRT systems, including at-grade crossings and tify innovative control devices, applications, and unique oper- stations, using the approved Phase II work plan [Chapter 5]. ating environments and practices related to light rail safety that have been implemented, including enforcement and educa- Task 10 tional practices. Collect information on the effectiveness of each application and operational practice including before-and-after Develop a methodology to perform risk analysis for safety studies or other analyses that may have been conducted. In ad- measures at LRT alignments [Chapter 6]. dition, identify applications or practices that have been discon- tinued after their initial application, and the reasons for their Task 11 discontinuation [Chapter 2, Chapter 5]. Using the information gathered in Task 3 and the results of Task 9, develop recommendations to facilitate the compila- Task 5 tion of collision data in a coordinated and consistent manner Based on the survey conducted in Task 4, identify elements across LRT systems in the United States. The data should allow from Chapter 10 of the MUTCD that have been adopted by for a meaningful comparison of collision rates across trans- the LRT systems. Of those elements that have been adopted, portation modes as well as for a more rigorous assessment of describe the LRT system results of their implementation. Of the effectiveness of safety measures, devices, and practices that those elements of the MUTCD that have not been adopted, could be implemented on LRT alignments. The recommen- explain why not [Chapter 5]. dations should indicate the type of collision data that should be collected by the LRT agency and describe the best format for delivery to regulatory agencies [Chapter 7]. Task 6 Identify new technologies (e.g., variable message signs, GPS, Task 12 audible devices, train control systems, and in-pavement light- ing) that may have an effect on light rail safety applications Submit a final report that documents the entire research ef- [Chapter 2, Chapter 5]. fort. Develop guidelines that: Identify successful elements and new technologies used to Task 7 improve light rail safety [Chapter 5], Using information gathered in Tasks 1 through 6, produce Assess the effectiveness of existing and innovative devices a detailed Phase II work plan to assess the effectiveness of and practices used to improve LRT safety [Chapter 5], existing and innovative devices and practices of LRT systems, Describe possible factors (including pedestrian and mo- including at-grade crossings and stations. The work plan torist behavior) contributing to LRT safety [Chapter 3, should: Chapter 4],