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3 establishment of effective institutional arrangements that Key elements of the work plan included define roles and responsibilities, legal authority, funding Definition and preliminary categorization of institutional allocations, and more. Freight system investments require arrangements, the involvement of multiple partners, often representing a A literature search on diverse set of existing institutional mix of public, private, and quasi-public entities that oper- arrangements, ate on vastly different business models and planning hori- A stakeholder workshop, zons. Often, projects span multiple jurisdictions and have Follow-up interviews and case study development, multiple funding sources that must be merged effectively. Identification of best practices and key challenges and These characteristics can challenge available institutional development of guidelines, and frameworks, leading to the need for new funding and con- Resource documentation and dissemination. tracting mechanisms, expanded use of public-private partner- ships, and more effective development and use of multi-state 1.3 Organization of the Report coalitions. As defined by NCFRP The rest of this report consists of the following: Chapter 2, Overview of Institutional Arrangements, defines The objective of this project is to describe successful and prom- ising institutional arrangements for improving freight move- an institutional arrangement, summarizes the data collec- ment, now and in the future. tion and research activities, and explores various ways of evaluating institutional arrangements. To achieve this objective and provide freight practitioners Chapter 3, Institutional Arrangement Types, categorizes with a useful tool, the work plan was designed to and describes the range of institutional arrangements that exist today in the freight transportation system. 1. Describe successful and promising institutional arrange- Chapter 4, Guidelines for Establishing Freight Institutional ments for improving freight movement, now and in the Arrangements, provides specific guidelines for each type of future; arrangement. 2. Develop a resource guide that will help agencies and indus- Chapter 5, Application of Guidelines, provides recom- try representatives as they work together to invest in and mended steps for the effective use of the guidelines. improve the freight transportation system; and Appendixes and supporting materials are provided on the 3. Define an implementation plan to facilitate effective use of enclosed CD-ROM and are available for download from the resource guide. the TRB website (www.trb.org).