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3 establishment of effective institutional arrangements that Key elements of the work plan included define roles and responsibilities, legal authority, funding · Definition and preliminary categorization of institutional allocations, and more. Freight system investments require arrangements, the involvement of multiple partners, often representing a · A literature search on diverse set of existing institutional mix of public, private, and quasi-public entities that oper- arrangements, ate on vastly different business models and planning hori- · A stakeholder workshop, zons. Often, projects span multiple jurisdictions and have · Follow-up interviews and case study development, multiple funding sources that must be merged effectively. · Identification of best practices and key challenges and These characteristics can challenge available institutional development of guidelines, and frameworks, leading to the need for new funding and con- · Resource documentation and dissemination. tracting mechanisms, expanded use of public-private partner- ships, and more effective development and use of multi-state 1.3 Organization of the Report coalitions. As defined by NCFRP The rest of this report consists of the following: · Chapter 2, Overview of Institutional Arrangements, defines The objective of this project is to describe successful and prom- ising institutional arrangements for improving freight move- an institutional arrangement, summarizes the data collec- ment, now and in the future. tion and research activities, and explores various ways of evaluating institutional arrangements. To achieve this objective and provide freight practitioners · Chapter 3, Institutional Arrangement Types, categorizes with a useful tool, the work plan was designed to and describes the range of institutional arrangements that exist today in the freight transportation system. 1. Describe successful and promising institutional arrange- · Chapter 4, Guidelines for Establishing Freight Institutional ments for improving freight movement, now and in the Arrangements, provides specific guidelines for each type of future; arrangement. 2. Develop a resource guide that will help agencies and indus- · Chapter 5, Application of Guidelines, provides recom- try representatives as they work together to invest in and mended steps for the effective use of the guidelines. improve the freight transportation system; and · Appendixes and supporting materials are provided on the 3. Define an implementation plan to facilitate effective use of enclosed CD-ROM and are available for download from the resource guide. the TRB website (www.trb.org).