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55 References: Literature And Website Review AASHTO Standing Committee on the Environment (SCOE) Austin, J.M., K. Viani, F. Hammond, and C. Slesar, "A GIS- [Online]. Available: http://cms.transportation.org?/ Based Identification of Potentially Significant Wildlife siteid=36&pageid=393. Habitats Associated with Roads in Vermont," In Pro- ceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Ecol- Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program (see chapter three, ogy and Transportation, C.L. Irwin, P. Garrett, and K.P. Case Study 8 for more details) [Online]. Available: http:// McDermott, Eds., Center for Transportation and the www.adkinvasives.com/. Environment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Anabat is a bat surveying device to detect the bat species in 2006, pp. 185196. Available: http://www.icoet.net/ the area [Online]. Available: http://users.lmi.net/corben/ ICOET_2005/proceedings/06IPCh5-185-216.pdf. anabat.him. [More details about how it works at: http:// BioSim is a project to predict changes in insect populations www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/gtr502.pdf. Jean Mengelkoch, in northern forests as a result of global warming. It is a Field Biologist with the Illinois Natural History Survey software tool linking meteorological data to information has used Anabat and as of Jan. 2009 could be reached for on how temperature affects a given species [Online]. more details as well at: jmengel@inhs.uius.edu.] Sonabat Available: http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/news/174. is another acoustical signaling method for bats [Online]. Available: http://www.sonabat.com. Bissonette, J.A. and P.C. Cramer, NCHRP Report 615: Eval- uation of the Use and Effectiveness of Wildlife Crossings, "An Autonomous and Self-Sustained Sensing System to Transportation Research Board, National Research Monitor Water Quality Near Highways," conducted by Council, Washington, D.C., 2008 [Online]. Available: Western Transportation Institute, Montana State Univer- ht t p : / /w w w.w i ld l i fe a nd r o a d s.or g / me d ia / d o c s / sity, 20072008 [Primary Investigator, Xianming Shi. NCHRP_25-27_Final_Report_2007.pdf and http://www. Contact Dave Graves, NYSDOT]. trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=9369. Also available, a Arizona's Circuit Theory Model [Online]. Available: http:// wildlife crossing decision guide. Available at: http:// oak.ucc.nau.edu/pb1/vitae/McRae-Beier.2007.PNAS. www.wildlifeandroads.org. pdf. Blumenthal, D., D.T. Booth, S. Cox, and C. Ferrier, "Large- Arizona Game and Fish Department has funded site research Scale Aerial Images Capture Details of Invasive Plant on specific Wildlife Linkage Designs [Online]. Avail- Populations," Rangeland Ecology and Management, Vol. able: http://www.corridordesign.org/arizona/. 60, 2007, pp. 523528. Arizona GPS Technology [Contact (as of 01/09): Siobhan E. Booth, D.T., S.E. Cox, and R.D. Berryman, "Precision Mea- Nordhaugen, Arizona Department of Transportation, surements from Very Large-Scale Aerial Digital Imag- SNordhaugen@azdot.gov]. ery," Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 112, 2006a, pp. 293307. Arizona Natural Infrastructure Data Sources [Online]. Available: http://azconservation.org/projects/natural_ Booth, D.T., S.E. Cox, T.W. Meikle, and C. Fitzgerald, "The infrastructure/data_sources/. Accuracy of Ground Cover Measurements," Rangeland Ecology and Management, Vol. 59, 2006b, pp. 179188. Arizona's Wildlife Corridor Planning GIS Extension [Online]. Available: http://www.corridordesign.org/ and Booth D.T., S.E. Cox, and G. Simonds, "Riparian Monitor- http://www.corridordesign.org/downloads/. ing Using 2-cm GSD Aerial Photography," Ecological Indicators, Vol. 7, 2007, pp. 636648. Arizona's Wildlife Linkage Assessment, abstract by B. Eilerts and S. Nordhaugen, 2007 Proceedings Interna- Burns, J., H. Perkins, and B. Yanchick, "Improving National tional Conference on Ecology and Transportation Transportation Geospatial Information Workshop New [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet.net/ICOET_2007/ Applications: Environment and Planning," Summary Cir- abstracts/07abstract1.asp#4. cular from the Transportation Research Board, Dec. 14, 2007 [Online]. Available: http://guest.cvent.com/EVENTS/ Arizona's Wildlife Linkages Assessment [Online]. Avail- Info/Custom.aspx?cid=20&e=667726ad-52b5-4cef-997b- able: http://www.azdot.gov/Highways/OES/AZ_ 1c0266348dd0. Wildlife_Linkages/index.asp. Cahoon, J.E., T. McMahon, A. Solcx, M. Blank, and O. Stein, Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, "Monitoring "Fish Passage in Montana Culverts: Phase II--Passage Handbook for Amphibians and Reptiles," Washington, Goals," Final Report, prepared for the state of Montana D.C. [Contact Priya Nanjappa Mitchell: pnanjappa@ Department of Transportation in cooperation with the U.S. fishwildlife.org].

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56 Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Admin- CyberTracker, software that can be used on smart phones istration, Montana State University, Bozeman, 2007. and handheld computers to record observations of any level of complexity [Online]. Available: http://www. California bird study, "Bird Species Identification and Popu- cybertracker.co.za. lation Estimation by Computerized Sound Analysis," [Principal Investigator: Joseph Szewczak, Humboldt "Deer Vehicle Crash Information Clearinghouse," the Uni- State University. California DOT (Caltrans); contact: versity of Minnesota Center for Excellence in Rural Harold Hunt: Harold_hunt@dot.ca.gov (as of 01/09)]. Safety in partnership with Texas Transportation Institute, [Online]. Available: www.deercrash.com. California Fish Passages [Online]. Available: http://www. dot.ca.gov/research/researchreports /reports /2005/ Developing Performance Data Collection Protocol for district_1_culverts_final_report or http://www.dot.ca. Stream Restoration [NCHRP--Protocols], conducted by gov/research/researchreports/dri_reports.htm. GKY and Associates in association with ICF Consulting [Primary Investigator, Seth Brown (20042006)], Final Caniparoli, D.G., NCHRP Report 479: Short-Term Monitor- Report [Online]. Available: http://www.trb.org/ ing for Compliance with Air Quality Standards, Trans- NotesDocs/25-25%288%29_FR.pdf. portation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2002 [Online]. Available: http://www. Domnguez-Domnguez O., E. Martnez-Meyer, L. Zam- trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=3858. brano, and G.P. De Len, "Using Ecological Niche Mod- eling as a Conservation Tool for Freshwater Species: Live Clevenger, A.P., "DNA Profiling to Identify Individuals using Bearing Fishes in Central Mexico," Conservation Biol- Wildlife Crossings," Western Transportation Institute, ogy, Vol. 20, No. 6, 2006, pp. 17301739. Montana State University, Bozeman, 2007. [The objective of this research was to develop a simple, non-invasive, Donaldson, B. and N.W. Lafon, "Testing an Integrated PDA- cost-effective method to identify and quantify animals GPS System to Collect Standardized Animal Carcass using wildlife crossing structures (20042006).] [Online.] Removal Data," Final Contract Report VTRC 08-CR10, Available: http://www.westerntransportationinstitute.org/ Virginia Department of Transportation, Richmond, 2008 research/roadecology/completed/425475.aspx. [Online]. Available: http://vtrc.virginiadot.org/ PubDetails.aspx?PubNo=08-CR10. Climate change CEQ potential new regulations for environ- mental analyses http://www.icta.org/detail/news. Donovan, T.M. and J. Hines, "Exercises in Occupancy Mod- cfm?news_id=119&id=218. eling and Estimation," 2007 [See discussion in presence absence surveys under species surveys for projects in Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) chapter two] [Online]. Available: http://www.uvm.edu/ software [Online]. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/ envnr/vtcfwru/spreadsheets/occupancy/occupancy.htm. topics/fire_science/craft/craft/introduction.htm#Who. https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/portal/divisions/ Community Viz, software for land-use planning [Online]. engineering/environmental-analysis /research-and- Available: http://www.placeways.com/communityviz/ training/environmental-research. ?p=product. Dooling, R.J. and A.N. Popper, "The Effects of Highway Connecticut Reptile Research on Radio-Tracking Turtles Noise on Birds," prepared for the California Department and Snakes [Contact (as of 01/09) Mark Alexander, Con- of Transportation, Sacramento, 2007 [Online]. Available: necticut Department of Transportation, Hartford.] http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq /env/bio /f iles /caltrans_ birds_10-7-2007b.pdf. [A description of how Caltrans "Conserveonline" [The site was developed by The Nature and the researchers worked together on this synthesis, Conservancy (TNC) and is designed to help practitioners which developed guidelines, and can be found at: http:// determine what to conserve, opportunities to conserve it, www.dot.ca.gov/hq/env/bio/avian_bioacoustics.htm.] what strategies to use, and how effective they have been. Database includes Predictive Habitat Modeling work and eBird, Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology and National TNC Ecoregional Plans.] [Online]. Available: http:// Audubon Society [Online]. Available: http://ebird.org/ conserveonline.org. content/ebird/. Cramer, P.C. and J.A. Bissonette, "Integrating Wildlife "Ecological Assessment Method Database," National Park Crossings into Transportation Plans and Projects in North Service, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: http:// America," In Proceedings of the 2007 International Con- assessmentmethods.nbii.gov/cm_introduction.jsp. ference on Ecology and Transportation, Little Rock, "Eco-Logical" [Eco-Logical is guide to making infrastruc- Ark., Center for Transportation and the Environment, ture more sensitive to wildlife and ecosystems through North Carolina State University, 2007, pp. 328334 greater interagency cooperative conservation (see chap- [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet.net/ICOET_2007/ ter three, Case Study 6, for more details)] [Online]. Avail- proceedings/Chapter6c.pdf.

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57 able: http://environment.f hwa.dot.gov/ecological/ Federal Highway Administration, "Eco-Logical: An Eco- ecological.pdf. system Approach to Developing Infrastructure Projects; Adaptive Management through Performance Measures," Eco-Logical Performance Measures, Federal Highway 2007 [see chapter three, Case Study 7, for more details] Administration, Washington, D.C. (see chapter three, [Online]. Available: http://www.environment.fhwa.dot. Case Study 7, for more details) [Online]. Available: http:// gov/ecological/eco_5.asp. www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/ecological/eco_5.asp. Federal Highway Administration, "Integration of Planning Ecological Performance Measures, J.B. Haufler, R.K. Bay- and the NEPA Processes," Memorandum to Cindy Bur- dack, H. Campa, III, B.J. Kernohan, C. Miller, L.J. bank, Associate Administrator, Office of Planning, Envi- O'Neill and L. Waits, Wildlife Society Technical Review ronment and Realty, FHWA, and David Vozzolo, Deputy 02-1, Bethesda, Md., 2002 (Performance measures for Associate Administrator, Office of Planning and the Envi- ecosystem management and ecological sustainability). ronment, FTA, from D. Gribbin, Chief Counsel, FHWA, (see chapter three, Case Study 7, for more details). and Judith Kaleta, Acting Chief Counsel, FTA, Feb. 22, Ecological Performance Measures, T.J. Vandewalle, K.E. 2005 [Online]. Available: http://www.environment.fhwa. Poole, S.J. Marler, C.A. Chumbley, In the International dot.gov/strmlng/integmemo.asp. Conference on Ecology and Transportation 2007 Pro- Federal Highway Administration, Planning and Environ- ceedings, Ecological Performance of Mitigation Wetlands ment Linkages, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: in a Predominantly Agricultural Landscape, 2007 http://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/integ/index.asp. [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet.net/ICOET_2007/ abstracts/07abstract3.asp#6 (see chapter three, Case "Florida CLIP--Critical Lands and Waters Identification Study 7, for more details). Project" (see chapter three, Case Study 1, for more details). [Online]. Available: http://www.centurycommission.org/ "Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) Tools Network" current_projects.asp#CLIP. [analysis tools] [Online]. Available: http://www.ebmtools. org/. Florida Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Plan [Online]. Available: http://myfwc.com/wildlifelegacy/docs/2008/ Eldin, N.N., W.C. Huber, and P.O. Nelson, NCHRP Report BlueprintFWCFAQs.pdf. 443: Environmental Impact of Construction and Repair Materials on Surface and Ground Waters, Washington, Florida Cooperative Conservation Blueprint (CCB) [An ini- D.C., 2000 [Online]. Available: http://gulliver.trb.org/ tiative focused on developing new conservation incen- publications/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_443.pdf. tives for private landowners through efforts of three Creative Working Groups related to water, energy, cli- Endangered Species Assessment--Michigan [Online]. mate change, and land use planning] (see chapter three, Available: http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/esa/. Case Study 1, for more details). [Online]. Available: http:// Environmental Protection Agency, Cumulative Impact www.centurycommission.org/current_projects.asp#CLIP. Assessment: Synoptic Approach to Cumulative Impact Florida Department of Environmental Protection's Geo- Assessment: A Proposed Methodology, EPA No. graphic Information Systems (see chapter three, Case 600R92167, 1992 [Online]. Available: http://yosemite. Study 1, for more details). [Online]. Available: http:// epa.gov/water/owrccatalog.nsf/065ca07e299b4646852 www.dep.state.fl.us/gis/. 56ce50075c11a/b1ce73d0b3cbcf0185256b06007252b9! OpenDocument. "Florida's Efficient Transportation Decision Making (ETDM) Process," interactive public access website Environmental Protection Agency, Impacts--A Study on [Makes information available about proposed transporta- Approaches to Cumulative Impacts: Hydrogeomorphic tion projects] (see chapter three, Case Study 1, for more Wetland Profiling: An Approach to Landscape and Cumu- details). [Online]. Available: http://etdmpub.fla-etat.org/ lative Impacts Analysis, EPA No. 620/R-05/001, 2005 est/. Additional information on Florida's ETDM Process [Online]. Available: http://www.epa.gov/owow/ and the Environmental Screening Tool can be found in wetlands/pdf/Johnson-HGMProfiling2005.pdf. the following links or reports: http://www.environment. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Monitor- fhwa.dot.gov/integ/case_florida.asp and http://www. ing and Assessment Program, [The development of tools geoplan.ufl.edu/projects/fdot/fdotindex.html#etdm. necessary to monitor and assess the status and trends of Florida Environmental Resource Analysis Tool (see chapter national ecological resources.] [Online]. Available: http:// three, Case Study 1, for more details). [Online]. Avail- www.epa.gov/emap/. able: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/gis/portal.asp. ESRI (Environmental Systems Management) [software for Florida's Integrated Wildlife Habitat Ranking System (see GIS analyses] [Online]. Available: http://www.esri.com/. chapter three, Case Study 1, for more details). [Online].

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58 Available: http://www.floridamarine.org/features/view_ systems and species and establish desired future condi- article.asp?id=29713. tions to ensure these groundwater requirements are met; (3) Develop an initial picture of groundwater hydrology FNAI--Rare Species Site: The Biodiversity Matrix Map at a particular site so that a first-cut can be made at iden- Server [Online]. Available: http://www.fnai.org/ tifying the areas that are integral to supporting GDEs and biointro.cfm. evaluating activities that threaten the quality and quan- Forman, R.T., D. Sperling, J.A. Bissonette, A.P. Clevenger, tity of groundwater.] [Online]. Available: http:// C.D. Cutshall, V.H. Dale, L. Fahrig, R. France, C.R. conserveonline.org/docs/2008/01/Groundwater%20 Goldman, K. Heanue, J.A. Jones, F.J. Swanson, T. Tur- Methods%20Guide%20TNC%20Jan08.pdf. rentine, and T. C. Winter, Road Ecology: Science and Guidelines for Vegetation Management, conducted by Solutions, Island Press, Washington, D.C., 2007. WeedSmart LLC, Corvallis, Ore. [Primary Investigator, GAP Analysis Program [provides GIS data layers across the Ian Heap, 20062008] [Online]. Available: http://www. country in a standard format. GAP analysis gives land trb.org/TRBNet/ProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=385. managers and policy makers the information needed to Hardy, A., "Developing the Integrated Transportation and make better-informed decisions when identifying prior- Ecological Enhancements for Montana Process: Apply- ity areas for conservation] [Online]. Available: http:// ing Eco-Logical Approach," In Transportation Research gapanalysis.nbii.gov/portal/server.pt. Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Geodata Services, GIS Solutions [Maintains a registry for No. 2011, Transportation Research Board of the National habitat improvement projects and collaborative integrated Academies, Washington, D.C., 2007, pp. 148156. GIS tools for conferencing and data input] [Online]. Hardy, A., A. Clevenger, M. Huijser, and G. Neale, "An Available: http://www.geodataservicesinc.com/. Overview of the Methods and Approaches for Evaluating GISHydro computer program [To evaluate hydrologic mod- the Effectiveness of Wildlife Crossing Structures: els for watershed analysis] [Online]. Available: http:// Emphasizing the Science in Applied Science," C.L. Irwin, gcmd.nasa.gov/records/GIS_HYDRO.html. P. Garrett, and K.P. McDermott, Eds., Proceedings of the 2003 International Conference on Ecology and Trans- Global Positioning Systems--Virginia Department of Trans- portation, Center for Transportation and the Environ- portation--Virginia Transportation Research Council ment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 2003, pp. and Game and Inland Fisheries investigated the use of 319330 [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet.net/ GPS-enabled Personal Data Assistants to document ani- downloads/03MonitoringofStructures.pdf. malvehicle collisions in a pilot study. Also, see Donald- son and Lafon (2008). Haufler, J.B., R.K. Baydack, H. Campa, III, B.J. Kernohan, C. Miller, L.J. O'Neill, and L. Waits, "Performance Mea- Global Positioning Systems (see chapter three, Case Study 5, sures for Ecosystem Management and Ecological Sus- for more details). Western Transportation Institute-- tainability, Wildlife Society Technical Review, Vol. 2, No. Montana State University Research, Bozeman, see Hui- 1, 2002. [Ecological Performance Measures, see chapter jser below. three, Case Study 7, for more details.] Goddard Space Flight Center, Global Change Master Direc- Huijser, M., "An Integrated PDA/GPS System to Collect tory [website with more than 25,000 described data sets, Standardized Road Kill Data," Phase I: Participants in this which enables users to locate and obtain access to Earth study used personal data assistants (PDA) with Global science data sets and services relevant to global change Positioning Systems (GPS) capabilities to record road car- and Earth Science research] [Online]. Available: http:// cass data, 2006 [Online]. Available: http://www.oregon. gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/Aboutus/index.html gov//ODOT/TD/TP_RES/docs/Reports/AnimalVehicle. Google Earth GIS Maps and Analyses [Online]. Available: pdf. Phase II adapted the software to PDA/GPS units that http://earth.google.com/. enable users to easily collect spatially accurate animal road kill data [Online]. Available: http://www.oregon. Gray Notebook, Washington State Department of Transpor- gov//ODOT/TD/TP_RES/docs/Reports/AnimalVehicle. tation, Olympia (see chapter three, Case Study 7, for pdf. Phase II (20052008) update is available [Online]. more details). [Online]. Available: http://www.wsdot. Available: http://www.wti.montana.edu/Projects. wa.gov/accountability/. aspx?id = 923d0ad1-9299-417d-ba0c-45e93dc1180c. Groundwater and Biodiversity Conservation [A Methods Phase III will further develop the system for broad geo- Guide for Integrating Groundwater Needs of Ecosystems graphic deployment, after 2008. and Species into Conservation Plans in the Pacific North- Huijser, M.P., J. Fuller, M.E. Wagner, A. Hardy, and A.P. west. Steps to the guide: (1) Identify and map ecosystems Clevenger, NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice 370: and species that depend on groundwater (GDEs); (2) AnimalVehicle Collision Data Collection, Transporta- Determine the groundwater requirements of these eco-

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59 tion Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- Defenders of Wildlife [Online]. Available: http://www. ington, D.C., 2007. defenders.org/resources/publications/programs_and_ policy/habitat_conservation/habitat_and_highways/ "Hydroacoustic Monitoring of In-water Pile Driving on Fish repor ts /f inal_repor t_linking _conservation_and _ and Other Aquatic Life Is Taking Place in California, transportation_planning_workshops.pdf. Oregon, and Washington State" [A central website helps to describe agreements on researching these impacts and Long, R.A., T.M. Donovan, P. MacKay, W.J. Zielinski, and recommendations on how reduce sound exposure.] J.S. Buzas, "Effectiveness of Scat Detection Dogs for [Online]. Available: http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/env/bio/ Detecting Forest Carnivores," Journal of Wildlife Man- fisheries_bioacoustics.htm. agement, Vol. 71, 2007, pp. 20072017 [Online]. Avail- able: http://www.uvm.edu/envnr/vtcfwru/Donovan/ Illinois Natural Heritage Program, Bird Monitoring with Long_et_al_2007a.pdf. Radio-Telemetry and Microphones, Springfield [Contact: Geoff Levin]. Long, R.A., P. Mackay, W.J. Sielinski, and J.C. Ray, Non- invasive Survey Methods for Carnivores, Island Press, "Integration of Conservation, Highway Planning and Environ- Chicago, Ill., 2008, 488 pp. mental Permitting Using an Outcome-Based Ecosystem Approach; (B)--Integration of Conservation, Highway MacKenzie, D.I., J.D. Nichols, A.J. Royle, K.H. Pollock, L.L. Planning and Environmental Permitting Through Develop- Bailey, and J.E. Hines, Occupancy Estimation and Model- ment of an Outcome-Based Ecosystem-scale Approach and ing: Inferring Pattern and Dynamics of Species Occur- Corresponding Credit System, SHRP 2 C06(A) and C06(B), rence, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2006 344 (A)," Transportation Research Board, National Research pp. [Online]. Available: http://www.elsevierdirect.com/ Council, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: http:// product.jsp?isbn=9780120887668. www.trb.org/SHRP2/ProjectDescriptions.asp?AID=80. "Maine Fish Passage Policy and Design Guides" [Online]. Jackson, S., "Massachusetts River and Stream Crossing Available: http://mainegov-images.informe.org/mdot/ Standards: Technical Guidelines," University of Massa- environmental-office-homepage/pdf/Fish_Passage_ chusettsAmherst, Aug. 2004 [Online]. Available: http:// Policy_Final_2nd_Edition_w_cover2.pdf. www.umass.edu/nrec/onlinedocs.html. "Maryland Green Infrastructure Assessment" [a GIS mapping Kaseloo, P.A. and K.O. Tyson, Synthesis of Noise Effects on tool to identify and prioritize the state's most important Wildlife Populations. Report to Office of Research and natural lands] [Online]. Available: http://www.dnr.state. Technology Services, Report FHWA-HEP-06-016, Federal md.us/greenways/gi/gi.html and http://www.dnr.state.md. Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 2006 [Online]. us/greenways/greenprint/. Also of interest are the following: Available: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/noise/ www.greenhighways.org and www.greeninfrastructure. effects/index.htm. net. [There is also a training course on Strategic Conservation Approach using Green Infrastructure, which can be found Kentucky Wildlife Action Plan [Online]. Available: http:// at: www.greeninfrastructure.net]. fw.ky.gov/kfwis/stwg/?lid=1463&NavPath=C244C369. Massachusetts Conservation Assessment and Prioritization Levelton Consultants, Ltd., NCHRP Report 577: Guidelines System (CAPS) [Online]. Available: http://www.umass. for the Selection of Snow and Ice Control Materials To edu/landeco/research/caps/caps.html. Mitigate Environmental Impacts, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., "Massachusetts Stream Guide" [Online]. Available: http:// 2007 [Online]. Available: http://trb.org/news/blurb_ streamcontinuity.org/. detail.asp?id=7739 (Primary Investigator, Brent T. Mus- Metro Quest software to assist in interactive planning for sato). (The objective of the project was to develop various future scenarios [Online]. Available: http://www. guidelines for selection of snow and ice control chemicals questforthefuture.com/. and abrasives, based on constituents, performance, envi- ronmental impacts, cost, and site-specific conditions. For Michigan Geographic Data Library [Online]. Available: the purpose of this study, environmental impacts include: http://www.michigan.gov/cgi. effects on human health, aquatic life, flora and fauna, Minnesota DOT Study--Wetlands, "Wetlands: Role of Buf- surface-water and groundwater quality, air quality, vehi- fers in Upland Infiltration, Nutrient Absorption, and Wild- cles, and physical infrastructure including bridges, pave- life Habitat," [Contact: Shirlee Sherkow, MNDOT (as of ments, railway electronic signaling systems, and power 01/09), e-mail: Shirlee.Sherkow@dot.state.mn.us]. distribution lines, 2003 2007.) Muller, B., L. Johnson, J. Wyckoff, and F. Nuszdorfer, Area- "Linking Conservation and Transportation Planning Work- wide Coordinated Cumulative Effects Analysis (ACCEA): shops," Federal Highway Administration Project Develop- Phase I, Report No. CDOT-2008-6, Final Report, DTD ment and Environmental Review Office, NatureServe, and Applied Research and Innovation Branch, Colorado

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60 Department of Transportation, Denver, 2008 [Online]. and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Available: http://www.dot.state.co.us/Publications/ Toxicology Transportation Research Board, The National PDFFiles/accea.pdf. Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 2005. National Consortium for Remote Sensing in Transportation Natural Capital Project's Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Streamlining Environmental and Planning Processes at Service and Tradeoffs (InVEST) [Online]. Available: Mississippi State University [Contact (as of 1/09) Charles http://www.naturalcapitalproject.org/InVEST.html. O'Hara, Mississippi State University: cgohara@erc. NatureServe [see chapter three, Case Study 3, for more msstate.edu] [Online]. Available: http://www.ncrste. details] [Online]. Available: http:///www.natureserve. msstate.edu/. org/. National Hydrography Dataset [Online]. Available: http:// NatureServe Landscope America [An on-line interactive nhd.usgs.gov. website with maps, data, and stories about natural places National Cooperative Highway Research Program--Air presented in dynamic and accessible formats] [Online]. Quality Monitoring Procedure, "Short-Term Monitoring Available: http://www.landscpe.org/preview/Home.html. for Compliance with Air Quality Standards," Conducted NatureServe Predictive Distribution Modeling [Online]. by CH2M Hill, Transportation Research Board, National Available: http://www.natureserve.org/prodServices/ Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2004. (Primary predictiveDistModeling.jsp. Investigator, Don G. Caniparoli. Project Report.) [Online]. Available: http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_ NatureServe Vista [Online]. Available: http://www. detail.asp?id=3858. natureserve.org/prodServices/vista/overview.jsp. National Cooperative Highway Research Program Study-- New Hampshire Audubon Society, Wildlife--Transportation Monitoring Water Quality, "An Autonomous and Self- Conflict Zone Maps [Online]. Available: http://www. sustained Sensing System to Monitor Water Quality Near environment.fhwa.dot.gov/strmlng/newsletters/jan08nl.asp. Highways," Conducted by Western Transportation Insti- New Jersey GIS websites [Online]. Available: i-Map NJDEP: tute, Montana State University, Transportation Research http://www.nj.gov/dep/gis/depsplash.htm#, NJDEP GIS Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., information: http://www.nj.gov/dep/gis/index.htm, and (Primary Investigator, Xianming Shi; Contact Dave NJDEP Landscape Project: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/ Graves, NYSDOT). fgw/ensp/landscape/index.htm. National Cooperative Highway Research Program--Proto- New England study: "Ability of Wood Fiber Materials to cols, Developing Performance Data Collection Protocol Attenuate Heavy Metals Associated with Highway Run- for Stream Restoration, Final Report, conducted by GKY off," University of Connecticut (The objective of this and Associates in association with ICF Consulting, research is to identify key parameters that affect the effi- Transportation Research Board, National Research cacy of wood fibers for removing typical heavy metal Council, Washington, D.C., 20042006 (Primary Inves- contaminants from roadway runoff, 20032008.) (Pri- tigator, Seth Brown, 20042006 [Online]. Available: mary Investigator, Allison MacKay). http://www.trb.org/NotesDocs/25-25%288%29_FR.pdf. New York State DOT, Invasive Species Manual and Data Col- National Cooperative Highway Research Program Vegeta- lection, on hand-held GPS units--Environmental Proce- tion Guidelines, "Guidelines for Vegetation Manage- dures Manual Chapter 4.8 Invasive Species, 2004 [Contact ment," conducted by WeedSmart LLC, Corvallis, Ore., (as of 01/09): Kyle Williams, kwilliams@dot.state.ny.us] Transportation Research Board, National Research [Online]. Available: https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/ Council, Washington, D.C. Primary Investigator, Ian portal/divisions/engineering/environmental-analysis/ Heap, 20062008 [Online]. Available: http://www.trb. manuals-and-guidance/epm/repository/4-8invas.pdf. org/TRBNet/ProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=385. New York Study Amphibians and Reptiles: Effects of New National Research Council Committee on Climate Change York State Roadways on Amphibians and Reptiles: A and U.S. Transportation, Special Report 290: Potential Research and Adaptive Mitigation Program, conducted at Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation, Trans- the State University of New York--College of Environ- portation Research Board and Division on Earth and Life mental Science and Forestry [Primary Investigator, James Studies, National Research Council of the National Acad- Gibbs, 20052009]. emies, Washington D.C., 2008, 280 pp. [Online]. Avail- able: http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/sr/sr290.pdf. New York Study: Biodiversity Information for Decision Mak- ers: "Maps and Conservation Guides," performed by The National Research Council Committee on Ecological Nature Conservancy/New York Natural Heritage Program Impacts of Road Density, Assessing and Managing the [Primary Investigator, Dorothy Evans] [Contact (as of Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads, Division of Earth 01/09): Deb Nelson NYSDOT: dnelson@dot.state.ny.us].

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61 New York Study: "Color Infrared Remote Sensing Maps," O. Gao, see URL: http://www.cee.cornell.edu/people/ New York State Office for Technology (OFT) [Project hg55/research.cfm]. Summary of project https://www. objective: Upgrade or develop digital ortho-imagery in nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/ many counties of NYS for many environmentally-related trans-r-and-d-repository/C-07-13.pdf [Contact (as of purposes, 20012002] [Contact (as of 01/09) Mauricio 01/09): Mary O'Reilly, New York State DOT]. Roma, New York State DOT]. New York Study: "Providing Opportunities for Highway New York Study: "Development of Biological Controls for Programs to Remediate Natural Resource Concerns in Phragmites australis," conducted by Cornell University. NY," Tioga County Soil and Water Conservation Dis- [Primary Investigator, B. Blossey.] [The purpose of this trict--Upper Susquehanna Coalition, funded by the project is to conduct a great deal of testing under several FHWA on an Eco-Logical Grant for Long-Range Plan- environmental conditions and detailed analysis of results, ning. [Primary Investigator: Jim Curatolo, 20082011.] the most effective biological control measures for manag- [Contact (as of 01/09): Bethaney Bacher-Gresock: ing Phragmites australis, 20072011.] [Contact (as of bethaney.Bacher-gresock@dot.gov.] 01/09): Kyle Williams, New York State DOT]. New York Study: "Potential for Natural Brine for Anti-Icing/ New York Study--Herbicides: "New York State DOT's De-Icing," conducted at State University of New YorkCol- Alternatives to Herbicides, Integrated Vegetation lege of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF). [The Management, and Related Research Programs," conducted objective of this project is to test the viability and develop at State University of New York--College of Environmental protocols for implementing use of natural brine from the Science and Forestry [Primary Investigator, Chris Nowack, Onondaga Creek valley-fill aquifer for winter highway 20032004] [Online]. Available: https://www.nysdot.gov/ maintenance, as substitute for purchased liquid de-icers for portal/page/portal/divisions/engineering/environmental- widespread use where feasible, 20082010.] [Contact (as of analysis/research-and-training/environmental-research. 01/09): Pauline Burnes, New York State DOT.] New York Study--Impacts: "Impacts of Snow and Ice Con- New York Study: "Vegetative Weed-Suppressive Ground- trol Practices in the Cascade Lakes Region of the Adiron- cover" [The research will identify, select, and evaluate dacks," conducted at Clarkson College [Primary alternative vegetation in simulated plots and evaluate Investigator, Tom Langen, 20032006] Final Report promising candidates planted in demonstrations on the [Online]. Available: https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/ right-of-way. The study will pursue low growing, low page /portal/divisions /engineering/environmental- maintenance suppressive vegetation tolerant of stresses analysis/repository/ cascade_lakes_final_report.pdf. encountered along the roadway that may be planted under guard rails where conventional mowing is not feasible as New York Study--Long-Range Planning: "Providing Oppor- an alternative to the use of herbicides to control vegeta- tunities for Highway Programs to Remediate Natural tion at such locations, 20012008.] [Phase I report: Con- Resource Concerns in NY," Tioga County Soil and Water ducted at Cornell University. Primary Investigators, Conservation District--Upper Susquehanna Coalition Leslie and Paul Weston.] [Online]. Available: http://vivo. [Primary Investigator, Jim Curatolo, 20082011.] [Con- cornell.edu/individual/vivo/individual31336. tact (as of 1/09): Bethaney Bacher-Gresock at bethaney. bacher-gresock@dot.gov]. New York Study Water Quality: "Regionalized Channel Geomorphic Characteristics for New York Streams," The New York Study: PATHWAY--"Planning Along the Hudson study is conducted (20022009) by the New York State for Warming and Animal Connectivity" [A three-year Department of Environmental Conservation and U.S. project (20082010) conducted by the New York Natural Geological Survey. [Primary Investigator, Barry Bal- Heritage Program to determine current and future poten- digo.] [Contact (as of 01/09) Brandon Greco at NYSDOT tial habitat connectivity for 25 species of greatest conser- bgreco@dot.state.ny.us.] vation need in the Hudson River Valley. Using GIS modeling techniques, the researchers will use climatic, North Carolina, research on genetics of mussels [Online]. geological, and landcover data to determine how con- Available: www.ncdot.org/~research. nected landscapes are for these 25 species under current North Central Texas Council of Governments Planning and and future potential climate conditions. Results of the Environmental Linkages [Online]. Available: http:// project will be used to help determine priority locations www.dfwinfo.com/traces/. for conservation in the Hudson River Valley.] [Online]. Available: http://www.dec.ny.gov/animals/29394.html. Northwest Habitat Institute, Corvallis, Ore. [Online]. Avail- able: http://www.nwhi.org/. New York Study--Pollution from Mowing: "Modeling Air Quality and Energy of NYSDOT Highway Right-of-Way Ohio DOT, "Indiana Bat, Programmatic Agreement" Practice" [New York Study Pollution from Mowing], [Online]. Available: http://www.dot.state.oh.us/oes/ conducted at Cornell University [Primary Investigator, ECOESA/FINAL%20ODOT%20PBO%201-26-07.pdf.

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62 Oregon Bridge Delivery Partners" [Online]. Available: [Primary Investigator, James Mahoney, 20042009] http://www.obdp.org/. [Online]. Available: http://www.ct.gov/dot/LIB/dot/ documents/dresearch/CT-2240-F-08-10.pdf. "Oregon Stream Crossings" [Online]. Available: http:// w w w.d f w.st ate.or.us / ODFW ht m l / I n foCnt rFish / "Tracking Environmental Mitigation Projects: A Survey of Management/stream_road.htm. Methods Used by State DOTs" [Wisconsin Tracking], conducted by CTC & Associates, LLC, 2008 [The report Rousso, S. and T. Hoehn, Wildlife Conservation Tool, Habi- leads to other reports and databases.] [Online]. Avail- tat Conservation Scientific Services, Florida Fish and able: http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/library/research/ Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Jan. docs/tsrs/tsrenvironmentalmitigation.pdf. 2009, slide show overview by S. Rousso at: http://www. ces.fau.edu/OWLS08/posters.php. Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Data- base, Transportation Research Board, National Research SAFETEA-LU--The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Council, Washington, D.C. [TRIS is the largest and most Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users, Federal comprehensive resource of published transportation Highway Administration, Washington, D.C. [Online]. material containing more than 630,000 references to Available: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/safetealu/. Defenders journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, of Wildlife review of the conservation provisions of the act and monographs on all modes and disciplines of trans- for the public [Online]. Available: http://www.defenders. portation.] [Online]. Available: http://ntl.bts.gov/tris. org/programs_and_policy/habitat_conservation/habitat_ TRB provides another useful resource, the Research in a n d _ h i g h w a y s / l a w_ p o l i c y_ a n d _ g ov e r n a n c e / Progress (RIP) searchable database [Online]. Available: transportation_bill.php/. Text of the legislation [Online]. http://rip.trb.org/. Available: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc. c g i ? d b n a m e = 10 9_ c o n g _ p u b l i c _ l aw s & d o c i d = Trust for Public Lands, GreenPrinting Service [Online]. Avail- f:publ059.109. able: http://www.tpl.org/tier3_cd.cfm?content_item_ id=20150&folder_id=3130. Schwartz, M. and CH2M Hill, NCHRP Research Results Digest 304: Technologies to Improve Consideration of U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conser- Environmental Concerns in Transportation Decisions, vation Service Soil Mapping GIS Service [Online]. Transportation Research Board of the National Acade- Available: http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/app/. mies, Washington, D.C., 2006 [Online]. Available: http:// U.S. Department of Transportation and U.S. Geologic Sur- onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rrd_304.pdf. vey. "Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Smith, D., "Monitoring Wildlife Use and Determining Stan- Transportation Systems and Infrastructure: Gulf Coast dards for Culvert Design," Final Report, presented to the Study, Phase I," U.S. Department of Transportation and Florida Department of Transportation for Contract U.S. Geologic Survey, Washington, D.C., 2007 [Addi- BC354-34, Department of Wildlife Ecology, University tional information (including information on important of Florida, Gainesville, 2003 [Online]. Available: http:// pressing needs) can be found online.] Available: http:// www.dot.state.fl.us/research-center/Completed_Proj/ www.climatescience.gov/Library/sap/sap4-7/public- Summary_EMO/FDOT_BC354_34_rpt.pdf. review-draft/default.htm. State Wildlife Action Plans, Association of Fish and Wildlife U.S. Federal Highways Safety Analysis Tools [a set of analy- Agencies, Washington, D.C. [State wildlife action plans sis software tools used by state and local highway depart- outline the steps needed to conserve wildlife and habitat ments for safety management that includes animalvehicle before they become rarer and more costly to protect. Taken collisions] [Online]. Available: http://safety.fhwa.dot. as a whole they present a national action agenda for prevent- gov/tools/data_tools/fhwasa09002/. ing wildlife from becoming endangered.] [Online]. Avail- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Passage, Washington, able: http://www.wildlifeactionplans.org/contact.html. D.C. [Online]. Available: http://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ "Tennessee Early Environmental Screening Tool," Tennes- fwma/fishpassage/partners.htm. see Department of Transportation, Nashville (in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fish Passage Support Sys- development). tem, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: http://fpdss. Thermal Imaging Study: "Evaluating the Long-Term Perfor- fws.gov/. mance of Pavements Thermally Imaged During Con- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, GIS Wetlands Geo-database, struction--Phase 1: Developing Spatial Tools for Location Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: http://wetlandsfws. Identification," and two other studies have been con- er.usgs.gov/NWI/. ducted in Connecticut using thermal imaging equipment to document temperature differentials observed during "U.S. Forest Service Fish Xing" [Online]. Available: http:// construction, conducted at the University of Connecticut www.stream.fs.fed.us/fishxing/.

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63 "U.S. Geological Survey Geospatial Liaison Network" [to Virginia Transportation Research Council report on wildlife develop standards and produce accurate GIS data] use of underpasses [Online]. Available: http://vtrc. [Online]. Available: http://www.usgs.gov/ngpo/. virginiadot.org/PubDetails.aspx?id=296232. U.S. Geological Survey, Landcover [Online]. Available: "Visual Elastomer" [Online]. Available: http://www. http://landcover.usgs.gov/landcoverdata.php. scienced i rect.com /science? _ob =A r t icleU R L& _ udi=B6T4D-41SCDXM-D&_user=464852&_rdoc=1&_ U.S. Geological Survey, National Geospatial Program atlas f mt =& _orig = search & _ sor t = d &view = c & _ of topographic maps and data collection standards acct=C000022310&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid [Online]. Available: http://www.usgs.gov/ngpo/. =464852&md5=c08ed68a282302fe3ce486c9a5447440. U.S. Geological Survey, National Map [Online]. Available: Washington State Department of Transportation Fish Pas- http://nationalmap.gov/. sage Program [Online]. Available: http://www.wsdot. Utah GIS--Utah's Automated Geographic Reference Center wa.gov/Environment/Biology/FP/fishpassage.htm. [Online]. Available: http://gis.utah.gov/agrc. [The Utah Wasser, S.K., B. Davenport, E.R. Ramage, K.E. Hunt, M. Geographic Transportation Environmental Assessment Parker, C. Clarke, G. Stenhouse, "Scat Detection Dogs in System (GTEAS) is still being developed; the website is Wildlife Research and Management: Applications to also still under development and user protected, but ini- Grizzly and Black Bears in the Yellowhead Ecosystem, tial page can be found at: http://geoserv.utah.gov/GTEAS. Alberta, Canada," Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. Web/Default.aspx.] 82, 2004, pp. 475-492 [Online]. Available: http://depts. Vandewalle, T.J., K.E. Poole, S.J. Marler, and C.A. Chumb- washington.edu/conserv/web-content/Papers/2004%20 ley, "Ecological Performance of Mitigation Wetlands in a Scat%20Detection%20Dogs.pdf. Predominantly Agricultural Landscape," in International Western Governors' Association, Wildlife Corridors Initia- Conference on Ecology and Transportation 2007 Pro- tive [Online]. Available: http://www.westgov.org/wga/ ceedings, 2007 [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet. meetings/am2008/wildlife08.pdf. net/ICOET_2007/abstracts/07abstract3.asp#6. Wildlife and Roads [website provides dozens of links to Van Manen, F.T., J.D. Jones, J.L. Kindall, L.M. Thompson, other sites involved in wildlife and natural resources, and and B.K. Scheick, "Determining the Potential Mitigation the transportation world. The decision guide assists in Effects of Wildlife Passageways on Black Bears," C.L. transportation planning for wildlife through all phases of Irwin, P. Garrett, and K.P. McDermott, Eds., Proceed- transportation planning and operations.] [Online]. ings of the 2001 International Conference on Ecology Available: www.wildlifeandroads.org. and Transportation, Center for Transportation and the Environment, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, "Wildlife and Roads--Landscape Linkages" [an over- 2001, pp. 435446 [Online]. Available: http://www.icoet. view of approximately 20 state and regional landscape net/downloads/Wildlife.pdf. linkage analyses] [Online]. Available: http://www. wildlifeandroads.org/decisionguide/1_2.cfm#1_2_6. Venner Consulting and Parsons Brinckerhoff, "Environmental Stewardship Practices, Policies, and Procedures for Road Wisconsin ATRI--Aquatic and Terrestrial Resources Inventory Construction and Maintenance," 2005 [Online]. Available: [Online]. Available: http://wiatri.net/indexIE.htm. http://www.trb.org/NotesDocs/25-25%284%29_FR.pdf. "Wisconsin Cooperative Agreement" [Online]. Available: Vermont Bennington Bypass Wildlife use of wildlife cross- http://dnr.wi.gov/org/es/science/Cooperative_Agreement. ing structures [Online]. Available: http://rip.trb.org/ doc. browse/dproject.asp?n=14203. Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory Program, Wisconsin "Vermont Wildlife Linkage Habitat Analysis: A GIS-Based, Department of Natural Resources, Madison [Online]. Landscape Level Identification of Potentially Significant Available: http://dnr.wi.gov/org/land/er/nhi/. Wildlife Linkage Habitats Associated with State of Ver- Wisconsin Surface Water Data Viewer [Online]. Available: mont Roadways" [see chapter three, Case Study 2, for ht t p://d n r maps.wisconsin.gov/imf /imf.jsp?site = more details] [Online]. Available: http://www.aot.state. SurfaceWaterViewer. vt.us/TechServices/EnvPermit/Documents/Wildlife_ Linkage_Habitat_Report_5_15_06.pdf.