Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 85


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 84
84 Hazardous Materials Transportation Incident Data for Root Cause Analysis 4.7 Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) The MISLE database supports the Marine Safety and Operations Programs. MISLE contains vast amounts of data, including detailed vessel characteristics, cargo carriage authorities, involved party identities, bridges, facilities and waterways, and records of related Coast Guard activities. MISLE activities include law enforcement boardings and sightings, marine inspections and inves- tigations, pollution and response incidents, and search and rescue operations. In addition, MISLE manages the information flow involving the administration of all of these activities, from the ini- tial triggering event, to incident management and response, and the resulting follow-on actions. Its development was initiated in 1992 and it became fully operational in January 2002 when the Coast Guard transitioned from the Marine Safety Information Reporting System. 4.7.1 Database Description The database is logically broken into a relational table structure that contains an activity table that includes all of the incidents reported to MISLE. As the example in Figure 4-4 shows, there are tables presenting an inventory of facilities and vessels that can be tied to the Activity and Events Tables. The activities are joined to the Facility Events and Vessel Events Tables, which provide additional information on the activity reported to MISLE. These, in turn, are joined to Facility and Vessel Pollution Tables that are also joined to an Injury Table that lists all of the reported injuries and fatalities associated with the activities. The pollution activities are a very small portion of the activities reported to MISLE. Commer- cial, as well as pleasure boat, collisions and groundings are reported. If a reportable quantity of a hazardous substance is released (40 CFR Part 302), the National Response Center (NRC), which is administered by the Coast Guard, must be notified promptly, and the vessel operator must fill out Form CG-2692 and submit it to the Coast Guard to document the event. Note that the reportable quantity is determined using the EPA list of hazardous substances, which also includes marine pollutants. 4.7.2 Purpose and Function The purpose of the MISLE database is to maintain a comprehensive record of vessel, facility, and Coast Guard activities related to commercial shipping. Incidents resulting in the loss of life to the public from private boating activities are also included in the database. The information system contains links to other resources so that Coast Guard personnel can respond quickly to any major incident. The database part, which is the focus of this discussion, reports all vessel or facility incidents related to commercial shipping. The documentation of pollution events, while significant, represents only a small fraction of the documented incidents. The MISLE system maintains a log documenting the status of all judicial activities associated with the documented incidents. The record of any incident with an ongoing judicial action is not available publicly until the case is closed. Since cases are commonly kept open for several years, a comprehensive picture of the number of pollution events occurring in a given year is difficult to identify from the publicly available file. The focus of much of the monitoring activities relates to efforts to speed up judicial actions so that cases can be closed more rapidly. 4.7.3 Data Collection If a reportable event occurs, the vessel operator must fill out Form CG-2692 and submit it to the Coast Guard to document the event. There also are cases where Coast Guard personnel file an event report using CG-2692. Once filed, the Coast Guard accident investigators update the file as the investigation proceeds.