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OCR for page 131
Noise Abatement (Airside) Techniques 131 Pilot Awareness Programs Purpose: These programs are designed to provide pilots with specifics about an airport's noise abatement program and other information, as deemed desirable. Airports often publish a handout describing the noise abatement procedures for pilots to carry in their flight manu- als, hold pilot training meetings, and develop information posters for placement in flight plan- ning rooms. Limitations: A voluntary program that requires constant updating and pilot outreach to ensure success. Implemented by: Airport. Public reaction: Awareness programs are typically transparent to the public at large, but may result in general benefits of noise reduction across a community that is positively received. Sim- ilarly, pilots are frequently supportive of pilot education and awareness programs that assist them in becoming better neighbors to noise-sensitive communities. Example of Technique for Public Information: Phoenix Deer Valley Airport Pilot Guide (172) 8-10 Phoenix Goodyear Airport Pilot Guide (173) 8-11 Hillsborough (Oregon) Airport Pilot's Guide (174) 8-12 Truckee Tahoe Airport Fly Quiet Pilot's Guide (175) 8-13 Naples Municipal Airport - Recommended Fixed-Wing Arrival and Departure Procedures (56) 8-14 Naples Municipal Airport - Recommended Helicopter Arrival and Departure Procedures (57) 8-15 Naples Municipal Airport - Recommended Jet Arrival and Departure Procedures (59) 8-16 Chicago O'Hare Fly Quiet Program Aviator's Manual online site at http://www.chicagoairports. com/cnrc/ohare/o_noise_flyquiet.shtm (176) 8-17 Best Practices Based upon the effectiveness and ease of implementation associated with the various noise abatement measures, as well as the results of surveys and interviews conducted for this analysis, several techniques may be identified as best practices for achieving the greatest reduction of noise for the least cost and effort. These are: Flight Track Modification In areas of varied land use, the development of preferred flight paths over areas of compati- bly used (generally non-residential) land, particularly within three miles of the overflight end of a runway, usually provides substantial benefits to the reduction of noise impacts. The airport must assure the relocation of noise of significant levels (in FAA evaluations, above 65 DNL) from one area of population at the expense of another. This measure may be initiated by the air- port, but requires concurrence and implementation by the FAA.

OCR for page 131
132 Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations Voluntary Preferential Runway Use Programs Where capable of being implemented, voluntary runway use programs offer the potential for wholesale mitigation of noise impacts by changing the total number and types of overflights from areas of noise-sensitive use to other areas of compatible use. Care must be given to assure that pro- gram preferences are in line with the operating capabilities of all aircraft at the airport, as well as being carefully designed to assure that the transfer of noise exposure patterns does not adversely impact noise-sensitive uses at significant noise levels. This measure may be initiated by the airport, but requires concurrence and implementation by the FAA and users. Ground Run-Up Restrictions Where ground noise is a significant issue, the airport may implement restrictions on the time, location, and power settings used during maintenance run-up activity at an airport. It is unrea- sonable to exclude any capability to fully conduct required maintenance checks, but those that most impact surrounding land uses may be restricted to daytime hours or given locations on the airfield. Pilot Awareness Programs In light of the findings illustrated throughout this document, good communication between the airport and its stakeholders regarding the issues of noise are critical. Pilot awareness programs that convey the concerns of neighboring communities, the constraints on the airport, and the options available to its users contribute to the success of noise abatement. Many airports that have strong user awareness programs have experienced improving relationships between their pilot groups and the communities over time. Many airports that do not communicate regularly with the user group regarding conflict issues with neighbors do not overcome airport opposition.