Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 135


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 134
134 Aircraft Noise: A Toolkit for Managing Community Expectations 1998, the FAA published its final policy on the approval of Part 150 measures for noise mitigation projects, and in it, prohibited the use of federal funding to mitigate dwellings constructed within a published 65 DNL contour after October 1998 (177) 9-1 Several state governments also have provided guidance to communities regarding the plan- ning for compatibility between airports and their surrounding uses. Two substantial examples of this guidance include: State of Washington Airports and Compatible Land Use, Volume 1 (178) 9-2 State of California California Land Use Planning Handbook (179) 9-3 and at http:// www.dot.ca.gov/hq/planning/aeronaut/documents/ALUPHComplete-7-02rev.pdf The following provides an overview of the opportunities available to communities and air- ports to seek and maintain compatible land uses within the areas affected by noise levels that are determined to be locally significant. For more information, the reader is directed to the ACRP Project 03-03, Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility website at www.trb.org. Land Management Actions an Airport May Implement The airport may undertake several land use management actions on its own initiative. Other actions rely upon the powers of other local agencies to control the presence or introduction of incompatible uses within the areas exposed to significant levels of aircraft noise. Each airport-only action involves the acquisition of land or some portion of the various land rights held by a prop- erty owner. Purchase of Non-Compatible Land Purpose: The purpose of this strategy is to acquire property and relocate any occupants who reside within contours of significant noise. Once the land is owned by the airport, it can be re-allocated to a compatible land use for that noise level. Although expensive, it is the most effec- tive tool for the airport to eliminate incompatible uses and control future development risks. Limitations: Federal funding is available for acquisition of properties identified as part of an approved Noise Compatibility Program or as mitigation for an Environmental Impact document. It can be a costly and time consuming process to undertake for airports with limited funding. There may be objection by local communities for removal of property from tax rolls or from parties to a use agreement who disagree with the proposal. Implemented by: The airport, usually with funding assistance by the FAA. Public reaction: The public may view this strategy as an excuse for the airport to "land grab." Local jurisdictions typically are concerned about developable property being removed from the local tax rolls. Example of Technique for Public Information: Land Acquisition for Public Airports (180) 9-4 Voluntary Land Acquisition & Relocation Program (Harrisburg, PA) (181) 9-5