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162 APPENDIX B Survey Details B.1. Survey of U.S. Airport verbal commentary that could not be included in the tabular Operators form. In both cases, such fields were not included in the tables summarizing the response of the airports. Cost information A copy of the survey submitted to the sixteen airports that was omitted. participated in the Survey of U.S. Airport Operators, dis- cussed in Chapter 3, is provided in this section. Furthermore, the responses of the airports are given in summary form. In B.1.1. Copy of Survey some cases, the fields from the surveys contained sparse or unusable information. In other cases, fields included lengthy Given in pages following.

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163 Airport Information 1. Facility name 2. Location ID 3. Facility Address (City, State, Zip) 4. ARFF Index A B C D E 5. Number of annual operations 6. Approach Precision Non-precision 7. Navaids CAT I (ILS) CAT II and above Point of Contact Information Point of Contact 1 1. Name: 2. Telephone: 3. Email: 4. What is your position/job title? 5. List the areas of airport management you are Maintenance Airport operations involved with: Engineering General Management 6. How long have you worked in this position? (yr) (mo) 7. How long have you worked in this industry? (yr) (mo) Point of Contact 2 1. Name: 2. Telephone: 3. Email: 4. What is your position/job title? 5. List the areas of airport management you are Maintenance Airport operations involved with: Engineering General Management

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164 6. How long have you worked in this position? (yr) (mo) 7. How long have you worked in this industry? (yr) (mo) Point of Contact 3 1. Name: 2. Telephone: 3. Email: 4. What is your position/job title? 5. List the areas of airport management you are Maintenance Airport operations involved with: Engineering General Management 6. How long have you worked in this position? (yr) (mo) 7. How long have you worked in this industry? (yr) (mo) Facility Questions 1. Is the airport land-locked by bodies of water, drop offs, highways, Yes No railroads, or buildings, which would prevent extension of the runway safety areas to satisfy FAA RSA requirements? 2. If yes to previous, how many runways ends are affected? 3. Does the airport have declared distances? Yes No 4. If yes to previous, which runways?

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165 Questions for Facilities with EMAS Arrestors General 1. How many EMAS arrestors are at the facility? 2. What are the EMAS arrestors dimensions and performance levels? Runway Set Back from Bed Aircraft Exit Speed Designation Runway End Dimensions (ft) (ft) Length: 70 knots (standard) Less than 70 knots EMAS Arrestor 1 Width: Length: 70 knots (standard) Less than 70 knots EMAS Arrestor 2 Width: Length: 70 knots (standard) Less than 70 knots EMAS Arrestor 3 Width: 3. What is it about this facility that makes EMAS necessary? 4. Were alternatives to the EMAS arrestor considered? Yes No (Declared Distances, shortening runways, etc) 5. If yes to previous, why was the EMAS approach chosen? 6. What are the negative traits of the EMAS arrestor? 7. What are the positive aspects of the EMAS arrestor? 8. If there were one thing that could be changed about the EMAS arrestor, what would it be?

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166 Installation 1. What was the time and cost associated with installing each of the EMAS arrestors at your facility? (estimates are sufficient) Year Per Runway Preparatory Time to Install Installed End Cost ($M) Paving Cost (days) ($M) EMAS Arrestor $0.00 $0.00 1 EMAS Arrestor $0.00 $0.00 2 EMAS Arrestor $0.00 $0.00 3 2. Were there any special installation conditions (night-only, limited hours per day, etc)? 3. Installation inconvenience: 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) Maintenance & Repair Which of the following maintenance issues have the EMAS arrestors experienced and to what degree? 1. Peeling paint 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) 2. Leaching of the material (chalky white) 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) 3. Caulking failure 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) 4. Joint tape debonding 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) 5. Soft tops 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe)

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167 6. Drainage problems 1 2 3 4 5 (None) (Severe) 7. Has your facility undertaken substantial repairs beyond scheduled maintenance? Replacement of blocks Substantial joint re-sealing/replacement Substantial repainting Other None 8. If yes to previous, have the repairs conducted been due to a Yes No deficiency in scheduled/expected maintenance? 9. Has the EMAS arrestor been out of service (NOTAM) due to Yes No damage from an overrun by aircraft or ground vehicle? 10. If yes to previous, how long did it take to repair the EMAS arrestor (mos) to service condition? 11. What type of maintenance agreement/approach Maintenance contract with ESCO is the facility using for the EMAS arrestor? Use of local contractors Use of facility maintenance personnel 12. What do you estimate is the annual maintenance and repair cost $0.00 for the EMAS arrestor (including maintenance agreement, if applicable)? Performance 1. Perception: do you believe your current EMAS arrestor will Yes No No Opinion likely perform to original specifications if it arrested an aircraft today? 2. What aircraft type and speed is the EMAS arrestor system designed to arrest? Aircraft 1 Speed (knots) Aircraft 2 Speed (knots) Aircraft 3 Speed (knots) Aircraft 4 Speed (knots)

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168 Questions for Facilities without EMAS Arrestors 1. Do all of your runways meet the FAA's RSA requirements Yes No (e.g., nominal 1000' length and 500' width)? 2. Is your facility planning to install an EMAS arrestor in the Yes No future? If yes, how soon? (mo) How many? (qty) 3. Is the cost of an EMAS arrestor ($2M to $5M per runway end) too Yes No high for your facility to reasonably afford to install arrestors? N/A 4. What factors have prevented your facility from installing an EMAS arrestor? Cost Maintenance Other construction projects Lack of need Other Questions for All Facilities 1. How would you rate the need of your facility for an Low Moderate High arrestor system: 2. Has your facility experienced overruns in the past 5 years? Low risk, slight overrun QTY: High risk, substantial overrun QTY: 3. If a new system could be developed for the future, would lower cost or better stopping performance be more important to your facility? Lower Cost Improved Performance Both Neither would matter 4. Does your facility use active arrestor systems for military Yes No aircraft? 5. Would you feel comfortable with a net-based or cable-based arrestor system for civil aircraft? Not Comfortable Low Moderate Highly Comfortable 6. If yes to question 4, what comments do you have regarding: Cost, Performance, Reliability, and Maintenance? 7. Do you consider the FAA requirements for airports regarding Yes No No Opinion RSA dimensions too rigid? 8. Do you consider the FAA requirements for airports regarding Yes No No Opinion arrestor bed performance too rigid? 9. If yes to previous, what changes should be made to existing requirements? 10. Do you have any other comments?

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169 Table B-1. Selected data from survey of U.S. airport operators. Airport Name Location City ARFF Annual Precision Non- ID Index Operations precision Anchorage ANC Anchorage, AK E 289,472 Yes Yes International Baton Rouge BTR Baton Rouge, C 94,852 Yes No Metropolitan LA Boston Logan BOS East Boston, E 409,066 No No International MA Denver International DEN Denver, CO E 586,151 Yes No MinneapolisSt. Paul MSP Minneapolis, E 475,000 Yes No International MN Nashville International BNA Nashville, TN C 215,830 Yes No New York Kennedy JFK New York, NY E 411,145 Yes No International New York La Guardia LGA New York, NY D 404,990 Yes No Airport Pittsburgh International PIT Pittsburgh, PA D 237,696 Yes No Roanoke Regional ROA Roanoke, VA B 86,091 Yes Yes San Diego International SAN San Diego, CA D 220,485 Yes Yes Seattle Tacoma SEA Seattle, WA E 340,058 Yes No International Teterboro TEB Teterboro, NJ E 250,000 Yes No Washington National DCA Washington, C 278,151 Yes No D.C. (continued on next page)

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170 Table B-1. (Continued). Airport Name CAT I CAT II Land- No. land- Declared Runways only and locked locked distances with above runways runway declared ends distances Anchorage Yes Yes No 0 No International Baton Rouge Yes No Yes 4 Yes 4L-22R, Metropolitan 4R-22L, 13-31 Boston Logan No No Yes 5 No International Denver International Yes Yes No 0 Yes 8, 34R, 25 MinneapolisSt. Paul No Yes Yes 8 Yes 12L International Nashville International Yes No Yes 2 Yes 1331 New York Kennedy Yes Yes Yes 3 No International New York La Guardia Yes No Yes 2 No Airport Pittsburgh International No Yes Yes 1 Yes 28R Roanoke Regional Yes No Yes 3 Yes 24 San Diego International Yes No Yes 2 Yes 9, 27 Seattle Tacoma No Yes No 0 Yes All International Teterboro Yes No Yes 2 No Washington National Yes No Yes 4 No (continued)

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171 Table B-1. (Continued). Airport Name No. EMAS EMAS 1 EMAS 1 EMAS 1 EMAS 1 EMAS 1 Arrestors R/W Set Back Length Width [ft] Standard Designati [ft] [ft] 70 knots on Anchorage 0 International Baton Rouge 1 31 75 300 150 Yes Metropolitan Boston Logan 2 4L 5 190 170 No International Denver International 0 MinneapolisSt. Paul 1 12R 630 160 216 Yes International Nashville International 0 New York Kennedy 2 4R 35 392 200 No International New York La Guardia 2 22 35 275 170 No Airport Pittsburgh International 0 Roanoke Regional 1 33 300 299 169 Yes San Diego International 1 27 65 315 218 No Seattle Tacoma 0 International Teterboro 1 24 35 251 170 No Washington National 0 (continued on next page)

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172 Table B-1. Selected data from survey of U.S. airport operators. Airport Name EMAS 2 R/W EMAS 2 EMAS 2 EMAS 2 EMAS 2 Designation Setback [ft] Length [ft] Width [ft] Standard 70 knots? Anchorage International Baton Rouge Metropolitan Boston Logan 15R 15 158 170 No International Denver International MinneapolisSt. Paul International Nashville International New York Kennedy 22L 35 405 227 Yes International New York La Guardia 13 41 327 170 No Airport Pittsburgh International Roanoke Regional San Diego International Seattle Tacoma International Teterboro Washington National (continued)

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173 B.2. Other Aviation Organizations Table B-2. The comments of respondents were discussed in Section 3.8.2. The names of aviation organizations, number of individu- als contacted from each, and their survey status are shown in Table B-2. Aviation organizations. Organization No. people contacted Survey returned A.A.A.E. 2 No South Central A.A.A.E. 1 No I.C.A.O. 3 Yes A.C.I. 1 No A.L.P.A. 2 No A.O.P.A. 1 No Flight Safety Foundation 2 Yes Flag Air Carriers/Delta 1 No U.S. Airways 3 No Southwest Airlines 1 No United Airlines 2 No F.A.A./F.S.D.O. 3 No Aviation consultant 1 Yes