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16 TABLE 20 TABLE 22 WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON DISTRACTIONS HOW CAN THESE DISTRACTIONS BE TO SCHOOL BUS DRIVERS ON THE BUS? MINIMIZED? (Open Ended) (Open Ended) Response Category Responses Response Category Responses Training 40 Student behavior 160 Student discipline/training 26 Cell phones and other electronics 10 Law enforcement 23 Medical situations 2 Monitors/aides/assigned seats 16 Total 172 Public awareness 13 Unsure 13 Increase bus driver attention 6 Table 20 shows the responses for the question: "What are Parent involvement 4 the most common distractions to school bus drivers on the Other 4 bus?" Student behavior on the bus was clearly the most fre- Alternative routes 2 Equipment related 2 quently cited response to this item, followed by distractions Total 149 from cell phones and other electronics. Two individuals noted that medical situations are common distractions on the bus. TABLE 23 Table 21 shows the responses for the question: "What are HOW OFTEN ARE PHYSICAL EXAMS the most common distractions to school bus drivers outside REQUIRED WITH YOUR FLEET? the bus?" Other motorists' behaviors were the most fre- Frequency Responses quently cited response to this item, followed by pedestrians as passengers. Annually 111 Annually and periodically 1 Table 22 shows the responses for the question: "How can Periodically 40 these distractions be minimized?" The most frequently cited Total 152 response for this item was "driver training," followed by "student discipline" and "law enforcement." EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY SAFETY ISSUES Participants were also asked about the frequency of Table 25 shows the responses for the question: "How can a required physical examinations for drivers (Tables 23 and 24). school bus design be improved for safety?" The most frequently A majority of respondents indicated that the drivers in their cited response for this item was related to improving mirrors or district must complete an annual physical examination. A visibility around the school bus (e.g., reducing blind spots). smaller number of respondents indicated that drivers in their district must complete a periodic exam. Those who indicated Table 26 provides the responses for the question: "What that a periodic exam is required were also asked how often technology has improved safety in school bus operations?" these exams occur (Table 24) in an open-ended question Many respondents believed that cameras, GPS devices, and format. A majority of those with periodic physical exami- improved mirrors and lighting were some of the most useful nations reported that they are required every two years. It is also technological advances in school bus operations. interesting to note that five individuals reported no mandatory physical examination. TABLE 24 IF PERIODICALLY, HOW OFTEN? TABLE 21 WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON Frequency Responses DISTRACTIONS TO SCHOOL BUS DRIVERS 1 to 2 years 3 OUTSIDE THE BUS? (Open Ended) 2 years 26 Response Category Responses 30 days 2 6 months 1 Other motorists 115 As mandated by Department of Motor Vehicles 2 Passengers as pedestrians 21 As necessary 1 Parents/siblings at bus stops 10 Initially, and as required by DMV 1 Weather 6 Animals 5 Never 5 Other 4 Once 5 Construction 3 Quarterly 1 Coworker/supervisor-related 3 Home health screening 1 Not sure 3 Varies 1 Total 170 Total 50