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17 TABLE 25 TABLE 27 HOW CAN A SCHOOL BUS DESIGN BE IMPROVED WHAT TECHNOLOGY FOR IMPROVING SAFETY FOR SAFETY? (Open Ended) WOULD BE USEFUL IN THE FUTURE? (Open Ended) Response Category Responses Response Category Responses Improved mirrors/visibility 46 Cameras 25 No suggestions 22 GPS 23 General bus design/improve quality of manufacturing 14 Other 16 Seat issues (ergonomics, seat height) 12 No suggestion 15 Evacuation related 8 Improved lighting 9 Seat belts 7 Child tracking systems 9 Sensors/alert systems 7 Improved driver training/monitoring 5 Global positioning system 5 Improved seat design 4 Internal/external cameras 5 Vehicle sensors/backing alarm 3 Improved storage inside bus 5 Improved communication devices 3 Uniform switches/controls 3 Improved equipment for special needs passengers 2 Improved stairs (reduce slips/trips) 3 Improved mirrors 2 Light-emitting diode (LED) lights 3 Total 116 Improved communication devices 3 Total 143 ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN SAFETY ISSUES Table 27 shows the responses for the question: "What tech- Table 30 shows the responses for the question: "What can nology for improving safety would be useful in the future?" fleet safety managers do to improve the safety of their oper- The responses to this item matched closely those cited earlier, ations?" The most frequently cited response to this item was with cameras and GPS devices listed as the top responses. to improve driver training and monitoring. Table 28 presents the responses for the question: "Do Table 31 shows the responses for the question: "Do you you have any suggestions for how to improve driver pre-trip have any suggestions for new federal or state regulations for inspections?" Many respondents believe that increased supervision was needed to ensure that drivers are completing TABLE 28 inspections. The second most frequent response was to use DO YOU HAVE ANY SUGGESTIONS FOR HOW diagnostic equipment to detect issues. TO IMPROVE DRIVER PRE-TRIP INSPECTIONS? (Open Ended) When asked about the level of compliance for drivers per- Response Category Responses forming pre-trip inspections, a majority of respondents indi- cated that at least half of their drivers do so (see Table 29). It is Increased supervision 39 Technology/diagnostic equipment 33 interesting that only 23 respondents indicated 100% compli- No suggestion 21 ance for pre-trip inspections. On the other hand, 15 respondents Standardize the procedure 13 indicated low levels of compliance. Increased training 7 Increase driver pay 3 Install lighting systems under the hood 3 TABLE 26 WHAT TECHNOLOGY HAS IMPROVED Other 3 SAFETY IN SCHOOL BUS OPERATIONS? "Just do them" 2 (Open Ended) Total 124 Response Category Responses Cameras 41 TABLE 29 WHAT LEVEL OF COMPLIANCE GPS 24 DO THE DRIVERS IN YOUR Mirrors 22 FLEET MEET FOR PERFORMING Lighting 21 PRE-TRIP INSPECTIONS? Seat design 17 Communication devices 15 Level of Compliance Responses Other 7 0%24% 15 Crossing arm 12 25%49% 27 Anti-lock brakes 7 Child monitors 7 50%74% 34 Automatic transmissions 5 75%99% 80 Body design 4 100% 23 Total 182 Total 179