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43 APPENDIX F Overall Safety Issues by Ranking TABLE F1 OVERALL SAFETY ISSUES BY RANKING Overall n Mean Median SD Rank Illegal passing of stopped buses by other vehicles 192 5.7 6.0 1.6 1 Inattentive or distracted drivers of other vehicles 187 5.0 5.0 1.7 2 Distractions (to the driver) on the bus 187 4.8 5.0 1.7 3 Student passengers not sitting in their seat properly 190 4.8 5.0 1.7 4 Passengers as pedestrians in the loading/unloading zone 188 4.6 5.0 2.1 5 Horseplay at bus stops 192 4.5 5.0 1.7 6 Lack of sufficient funding for fleet operation/maintenance/equipment 183 4.5 5.0 2.2 7 Violence/bullying among student passengers 187 4.5 5.0 1.8 8 Student passengers standing too close to the road at the bus stop 187 4.3 4.0 1.8 9 Noise levels on the bus 190 4.3 4.0 1.6 10 Lack of sidewalks at or near bus stops 189 4.2 4.0 1.9 11 Roadway conditions (e.g., sunken/soft shoulders, potholes, width of road) 190 4.2 4.0 1.7 12 Storage of passengers' personal items (e.g., backpacks, instruments) 190 4.2 4.0 1.9 13 Distractions (to the driver) outside the bus 188 4.2 4.0 1.8 14 Weather conditions when school is not delayed/cancelled 187 4.2 4.0 1.9 15 Visibility of bus stops in inclement weather conditions (fog, snow, heavy rain) 191 4.1 4.0 1.9 16 Passengers not immediately leaving loading/unloading area 186 4.0 4.0 1.9 17 Traffic congestion 189 3.9 4.0 1.8 18 Driver turnover 186 3.9 4.0 2.1 19 Railroad crossing issues 190 3.9 4.0 2.2 20 Security issues 189 3.9 4.0 2.0 21 Driver field-of-view and blind spots (i.e., visibility issues, hood, body posts, mirrors) 191 3.9 4.0 1.9 22 Considerations for special needs student passengers 182 3.9 4.0 2.2 23 Visibility of bus or students on curved roads 188 3.9 4.0 1.8 24 Students eating/drinking on the bus 191 3.8 4.0 1.9 25 Students sticking arms and heads out of windows 188 3.8 3.0 2.0 26 Student inattention or distraction due to personal electronic devices 193 3.8 4.0 1.8 27 School bus driver cell phone use 192 3.8 3.0 2.3 28 Bus stops on major highways 188 3.8 3.0 2.1 29 Lack of an adequate waiting area for passengers at bus stops 188 3.7 3.0 2.0 30 Visibility at bus stops in hilly terrain 190 3.6 3.0 2.0 31 Children left on buses 190 3.6 2.0 2.4 32 Driver physical health 189 3.5 3.0 2.1 33 Emergency evacuation procedures 191 3.5 3.0 2.2 34 Animal action (e.g., deer or other wildlife) 184 3.5 3.0 1.8 35 Driver mental health 190 3.4 3.0 2.2 36 Keeping up with routine school bus maintenance 188 3.4 3.0 2.1 37 Restraints for wheelchairs 181 3.4 2.0 2.4 38 Storage of driver's items (e.g., purses, clipboards, routing information) 192 3.4 3.0 2.0 39 Passenger restraints for special needs passengers 178 3.3 3.0 2.1 40 Too many student passengers at a single stop 187 3.3 3.0 1.9 41 Slippery floors/stairwells 192 3.2 3.0 2.0 42 Driver fatigue 190 3.2 3.0 2.1 43 Bus monitor/attendant physical health 166 3.1 3.0 2.0 44 Bus monitor/attendant turnover 165 3.1 2.0 2.0 45 Bus monitor/attendant mental health 164 3.0 2.0 2.1 46 Insufficient or ineffective mirrors on the school bus 189 2.9 2.0 2.1 47 Driver safety-belt use 191 2.9 2.0 2.1 48 Rear bumper height 169 2.9 2.0 2.1 49 School bus foot pedal design (accelerator and brake) 180 2.7 2.0 2.0 50 Bus monitor/attendant safety-belt use 161 2.5 2.0 1.9 51