Click for next page ( 24

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 23
Curb Requirements Model The Curb Requirements model is a peak demanddriven process that estimates the terminal curb frontage requirement and utilization based on current use and allocation. The model is set up in the same manner as the other spreadsheet models with links to the Table of Contents and User's Guide, and color-coded cells for consistency as seen in Figure 25. The terminal curbfront on an airport is a complex operating environment. There are many types of vehicles that approach and stop at the curb. These include private automobiles, taxis, limousines, parking lot buses, rental car buses, regional buses, and shuttles and shuttle buses for hotels and motels. Significant curbfront capacity is required to accommodate the maneuvering necessary for vehicles to pull to the curb, stop to load and unload passengers and luggage, and pull away from the curb to merge back into the traffic stream. The curbfront area can be divided into two sections: pedestrian facilities and vehicle facilities. Many airports have a pedestrian island between vehicle travel lanes, particularly at the arrivals curbfront, but occasionally at the departures curbfront as well. This island separates the curb lanes into two traffic streams and enables the airport to provide two parallel curbfronts for passenger pick-up or drop-off, in an equivalent length of terminal building. The curbfront areas are usually separated into passenger car and commercial vehicle (parking shuttles, rental car shuttles, hotel/ motel shuttles, etc.) areas. Figure 26 shows an example curbfront with a pedestrian island. In this example, the inner curbfront (closest to the terminal building) is designated for commercial vehicles, while the outer curbfront serves private vehicles. Crosswalks are provided between the terminal building and the pedestrian island. The orientation of the commercial and passenger vehicle lanes varies by airport. Curb Vehicle Facilities The curbfront provides access to the terminal buildings for pedestrians by way of private vehicles, as well as commercial vehicles such as shuttle buses, taxis, etc. The innermost lane (closest to the terminals) is essentially a short-term parking lane, dedicated to vehicles stopping to drop-off/pick-up passengers. Vehicles pull into an empty space at the curb, load or unload, and then pull out. At all but the smallest, low activity terminals, the second lane is used by both double-parked vehicles, as well as a transition lane, used by vehicles pulling in and out of the curbfront. The third lane is a transition/weaving lane. The fourth lane (and fifth, if one exists at very large airports with multiple unit terminals) is used by vehicles driving past the curb. Therefore, at all but the smallest airports, the minimum number of curbfront lanes is recom- mended to be four, because it is expected that the second lane may be partially blocked during peak drop-off/pick-up times. 23

OCR for page 23
24 Airport Passenger Terminal Planning and Design Figure 25. Terminal Curb Requirements model. Because of the nature of curbfront facilities, throughput per lane is greatly reduced compared to typical roadway facilities with the same number of lanes. Therefore, there is a need to provide additional curbfront lanes to handle peak loads. Ideally, the roadway will provide enough capacity to accommodate expected traffic volumes even if a through lane is blocked due to maneuvering vehicles and double or triple parking. Curbfront facilities work most efficiently if the curbfront is divided into sections that each serves a different vehicle type. This division limits conflict between different types and sizes of vehicles, as well as spreading the vehicle load throughout the entire curbfront. The curbfront is typically allocated among private vehicles, buses/shuttles, and taxis/limousines. The bus/shuttle section of curbfront may be further allocated into separate areas for rental car shuttles, hotel/motel shuttles, parking shuttles, etc. This is particularly useful at the arrivals curbfront, so that patrons waiting for a particular shuttle know where to stand to wait for the shuttle's arrival. The curb typically runs the length of the terminal building. Passengers tend not to use any curbfront area beyond the end doors of the building. However, some of the vehicle drop offs (such as commercial vehicles) can be located beyond the end doors. For shorter terminals, pedestrian islands may be necessary in order to achieve the curbfront capacity needed. Another important component of curbfront capacity comes in the form of dwell times. At the arrivals curbfront, vehicles will often stop to wait for arriving passengers if sufficient curbfront Source: Silverman, Fred. "Terminal Groundside Access Systems," FAA White Paper Figure 26. Curbfront with pedestrian island.