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OCR for page 50
50 Airport Passenger Terminal Planning and Design Figure 63. Example of factors that affect holdroom size. This model is referred to as a "single holdroom approach." However, the number of podium positions and boarding bridges or doors is variable. This allows the model to be used for a holdroom that may serve multiple gates, and therefore, serve different aircraft classes. Other Functions In addition to passenger seating and departure processing, some airports and airlines have added other amenities to holdrooms, such as work counters or desks, laptop/cell phone recharging areas, play areas for children, and Internet stations. Providing these amenities can take varying amounts of space and must be planned on a case-by-case basis. A general allowance, in the range of 5%, for amenities should be included where relevant. When gates have a high turnover rate, it is possible to have passengers from several flights wait- ing in the holdroom at about the same time. These cases are unique and only certain airports will have a need to apply this factor. If this is not an obvious case, this number should be entered as 0%, but in instances where the turnover is unusually high, such as with many of Southwest Airlines markets, this factor could be between 10% and 30%. Figure 63 shows that the high utilization factor will increase the suggested holdroom size as does the allowance for amenities factor. A table of holdrooms for single aircraft (without sharing reductions) is shown at the bottom of the spreadsheet. See Figure 64. These reflect the basic parameters selected by the user in terms of LOS, amenities, and utilization. Typical Dimensions of Holdroom Areas Seating Area Seating configurations are driven by the LOS factors discussed above, as well as the overall proportions of the holdroom. The distance between rows of seats is recommended to be a min- Figure 64. Example of typical single gate holdrooms.
OCR for page 51
Holdrooms Model 51 to loading bridge Boarding Pass Reader 8FT / 2.4M 25FT / 7.5M min. typical Check-In 30FT / 9M recommended 15FT / Podium minimum 4.5M 6FT / 1.8M min. clear Source: Hirsh Associates Figure 65. Typical holdroom configuration. imum of 5 feet to allow free movement of passengers when seats are occupied. The separation can be increased for higher LOS and/or when large numbers of carry-on bags are expected. Figure 65 illustrates a typical holdroom in a linear configuration along a concourse. The depth of the holdroom should be a minimum of 25 feet to allow some flexibility in seating arrangements. However, a 3-foot depth is recommended for most terminals to increase this flexibility and to allow circulation between seating and the loading bridge boarding corridor. For holdrooms serv- ing multiple gates located in a "corner" of a concourse, additional depth is recommended. Gate Check-in Podiums A typical two-position gate check-in podium is 8 to 10 feet wide. The depth of the podium counter and back wall is typically 8 feet, but can be deeper if storage or other equipment is housed in the back wall. An area should be provided in front of the podium to contain the queue within the holdroom and not block the adjacent corridor. A 15-foot depth is generally adequate. Boarding/Deplaning Corridor The corridor should provide as direct a path as possible from the loading bridge to the main concourse corridor. A minimum 6-foot width is recommended for deplaning. Most airlines have installed boarding pass readers at the entry to the loading bridge, which increases the required width at the loading bridge door. These readers can either be a simple stand-alone reader (as shown in Figure 65) or include a small work podium for agents. A wider area, or multiple queue paths, are generally required for enplaning due to the crowd of passen- gers which usually forms when an aircraft boards. For example, in Figure 65 the check-in podium queue and the internal circulation aisles supplement the boarding/deplaning corridor for enplaning activity. If the configuration does not allow such shared use of circulation, an 8-foot wide boarding/deplaning corridor is recommended.