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OCR for page 64
Federal Inspection Services/ U.S. Customs and Border Protection Model Federal Inspection Services (FIS) facilities are required at all airports with international flights. The exception is many flights from Canada, and a limited number of other airports that also have U.S. pre-clearance facilities. These passengers are considered the same as domestic arrivals because they went through FIS procedures at their airport of departure. On March 1, 2003, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), the U.S. Customs Ser- vice, and the Agricultural and Plant Health Inspection Service were consolidated to establish U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). CBP is responsible for inspecting all passengers, bag- gage, and air cargo. By consolidating the three major agencies, CBP is attempting to unify the inspection procedures. At some airports, the Public Health Service and/or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service may also have offices. Although the inspection process has varied over time, FIS procedures now call for all passen- gers to be processed through the primary inspection counters (formerly operated by INS). There are a limited number of foreign airports that have U.S. INS personnel to conduct pre-inspection. Passengers from these airports (Ireland and some Caribbean islands) bypass local CBP primary inspection but are still subject to baggage inspection. It is anticipated that these locations will eventually have full CBP pre-clearance facilities similar to those at most large Canadian airports. Secondary baggage inspection is based on more selective procedures using computer-based lists of passengers, roving agents, designations of "high-risk" and "low-risk" flights, and other selection techniques. CBP procedures and facility requirements are described in Airport Techni- cal Design Standards--Passenger Processing Facilities, August 2006. Although there is a national policy, implementation may vary at each gateway based on local conditions, and coordination is required with CBP for reviews and approvals of plans. Thus, it is essential to involve the FIS agencies in the planning process early. Planners should also request updates to standards from CBP during the planning process, as these are likely to change and evolve over time. A terminal for international arrivals has facilities in addition to the actual FIS processing area. These consist of the following major elements: sterile corridor system, CBP primary inspection, baggage claim, CBP secondary inspection, and processing and transfer passenger recheck. Figure 79 shows the CBP inspection process. Sterile Corridor System Arriving international passengers must be kept separate from other passengers, visitors, or unauthorized airline employees until they have cleared all FIS inspections. Therefore, a separate corridor system from the aircraft gate to primary inspection is required. The corridors should be sized for single-direction passenger flow. Depending on the distance from gate to primary 64
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Federal Inspection Services/U.S. Customs and Border Protection Model 65 Source: FAA White Paper, Airport Technical Design Standards Passenger Processing Facilities, U.S. Customs & Border Protection, Washington D.C., August 2006, pg. 2-15 Figure 79. CBP inspection process (single level).