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57 CHAPTER 3 Multijurisdictional Issues in Aviation Capacity Planning There is a gap in planning coverage between the scale of on-airport planning and national aviation planning: regional plan- ning efforts have not yet met their potential. In New England, a highly innovative multi-airport planning process supported the eventual growth in the role of the smaller, more underused airports--to the benefit of all. Aviation planning could benefit from adopting the data organization scheme of the comprehensive transportation plan- ning process, which is based on the flows by all modes from origins to destinations; this will support integration with planning for other modes. To support a multi-airport planning process, it is essential to create analysis tools that reflect the true origin and true destination of the passenger--not just airport to airport. The organization of aviation data in terms of true origin to true destination allows a more exact description of the potential contribution of under-utilized airports. An evaluation process based on the measure of performance of the total trip experienced by the traveler would result in a planning process that is more transparent and accountable. Exhibit 3.0. Highlights and key themes included in Chapter 3. 3.1 Purpose aid grants depended largely on its willingness to conduct planning studies that conformed to the advisory circulars. In Chapter 3, the research team suggests options for enhanc- By the early 1980s, almost every state had adopted a state ing the capacity of the airport systems in the East and West aviation plan, and a variety of metropolitan areas were Coast Mega-regions to more effectively serve customer needs involved in system planning studies. The FAA encouraged through multijurisdictional planning processes, including data large commercial service airports to develop master plan sharing and cooperative and collaborative decision-making on reports to explain the basis for development shown on air- airport planning and operations. port layout plans. During this same period, the rapid growth in air travel war- ranted significant improvements to all commercial service 3.2 Background airports. The federal government would provide a large part Beginning in the early 1970s, the availability of technical of the funds for those improvements, and it wanted them to guidance and new federal aid resulted in greatly increased be compatible with other aspects of regional development. levels of airport planning activity. At that time, the FAA Government actions encouraged state DOTs to develop state developed the procedures and principles for comprehen- aviation system plans, but those plans left off at the bound- sive airport planning in a series of advisory circulars that aries of major metropolitan areas. The operators of the largest addressed master planning, regional planning, and state- commercial service airports retained authority over detailed wide system planning. An airport's receipt of certain federal planning and development decisions, subject only to review