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CHAPTER 1 Common Use at Airports Introduction The research project had the following objectives: 1. Identify and understand the financial, operational, liability, safety, customer service, and competitive elements of common use relevant to the utilization of airport facilities and the provision of services; 2. Provide detailed analyses and information so as to enable individual airports and airlines to evaluate the feasibility and applicability of implementing common use; and 3. Provide common practices for evaluating, implementing, operating, and maintaining common-use facilities and services. To meet these objectives, this Reference Guide has been designed to be a comprehensive source of common-use-related information and a comprehensive decision-making tool for use by airport operators, airlines, and other entities interested in considering common-use initia- tives. The Reference Guide considers common use as more than simply technology and includes analysis and review of all areas and functions within an airport that might be affected by a non- dedicated shared-use facility. This Guide identifies common-use issues and opportunities and provides guidance for decision-making efforts, recognizing that there are a multitude of common- use variables. This Reference Guide is written for airport and airline professionals and meets the following goals: 1. Presents the current range of common-use facilities and services used throughout the industry; 2. Identifies and summarizes the critical issues that surface when considering, implementing, or utilizing a common-use approach; 3. Summarizes industry knowledge with resources and currently available material to provide information on common-use approaches; and 4. Presents an implementation section that evaluates common criteria related to each approach. This chapter provides a background section to understand common use and its environment as well as an overview of the Reference Guide's organization, elements, purpose, and usability. Understanding Common Use For this Reference Guide, Common Use and Common-Use Systems have been defined as follows: Common Use is a facility allocation and management approach intended to maximize air- port facility access and allocation through non-dedicated resources. It is an alternative to the traditional approach which uses proprietary/exclusive-use models. 3