Click for next page ( R2


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
ACRP AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM REPORT 30 Sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration Reference Guide on Understanding Common Use at Airports

OCR for page R1
ACRP OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE* TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD 2010 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE* CHAIR OFFICERS James Wilding CHAIR: Michael R. Morris, Director of Transportation, North Central Texas Council of Independent Consultant Governments, Arlington VICE CHAIR: Neil J. Pedersen, Administrator, Maryland State Highway Administration, Baltimore VICE CHAIR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: Robert E. Skinner, Jr., Transportation Research Board Jeff Hamiel MinneapolisSt. Paul MEMBERS Metropolitan Airports Commission J. Barry Barker, Executive Director, Transit Authority of River City, Louisville, KY MEMBERS Allen D. Biehler, Secretary, Pennsylvania DOT, Harrisburg James Crites Larry L. Brown, Sr., Executive Director, Mississippi DOT, Jackson DallasFort Worth International Airport Deborah H. Butler, Executive Vice President, Planning, and CIO, Norfolk Southern Corporation, Richard de Neufville Norfolk, VA Massachusetts Institute of Technology William A.V. Clark, Professor, Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles Kevin C. Dolliole Unison Consulting Nicholas J. Garber, Henry L. Kinnier Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, and Director, John K. Duval Center for Transportation Studies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville Beverly Municipal Airport Jeffrey W. Hamiel, Executive Director, Metropolitan Airports Commission, Minneapolis, MN Kitty Freidheim Edward A. (Ned) Helme, President, Center for Clean Air Policy, Washington, DC Freidheim Consulting Randell H. Iwasaki, Director, California DOT, Sacramento Steve Grossman Jacksonville Aviation Authority Adib K. Kanafani, Cahill Professor of Civil Engineering, University of California, Berkeley Tom Jensen Susan Martinovich, Director, Nevada DOT, Carson City National Safe Skies Alliance Debra L. Miller, Secretary, Kansas DOT, Topeka Catherine M. Lang Pete K. Rahn, Director, Missouri DOT, Jefferson City Federal Aviation Administration Sandra Rosenbloom, Professor of Planning, University of Arizona, Tucson Gina Marie Lindsey Los Angeles World Airports Tracy L. Rosser, Vice President, Corporate Traffic, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Mandeville, LA Carolyn Motz Steven T. Scalzo, Chief Operating Officer, Marine Resources Group, Seattle, WA Hagerstown Regional Airport Henry G. (Gerry) Schwartz, Jr., Chairman (retired), Jacobs/Sverdrup Civil, Inc., St. Louis, MO Richard Tucker Beverly A. Scott, General Manager and Chief Executive Officer, Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Huntsville International Airport Authority, Atlanta, GA David Seltzer, Principal, Mercator Advisors LLC, Philadelphia, PA EX OFFICIO MEMBERS Daniel Sperling, Professor of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science and Policy; Director, Institute of Sabrina Johnson Transportation Studies; and Interim Director, Energy Efficiency Center, University of California, Davis U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Douglas W. Stotlar, President and CEO, Con-Way, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI Richard Marchi Airports Council International--North America C. Michael Walton, Ernest H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering, University of Texas, Austin Laura McKee Air Transport Association of America EX OFFICIO MEMBERS Henry Ogrodzinski National Association of State Aviation Officials Thad Allen (Adm., U.S. Coast Guard), Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Department of Melissa Sabatine Homeland Security, Washington, DC American Association of Airport Executives Peter H. Appel, Administrator, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S.DOT Robert E. Skinner, Jr. J. Randolph Babbitt, Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, U.S.DOT Transportation Research Board Rebecca M. Brewster, President and COO, American Transportation Research Institute, Smyrna, GA George Bugliarello, President Emeritus and University Professor, Polytechnic Institute of New York SECRETARY University, Brooklyn; Foreign Secretary, National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC Christopher W. Jenks Anne S. Ferro, Administrator, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, U.S.DOT Transportation Research Board LeRoy Gishi, Chief, Division of Transportation, Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC Edward R. Hamberger, President and CEO, Association of American Railroads, Washington, DC John C. Horsley, Executive Director, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC David T. Matsuda, Deputy Administrator, Maritime Administration, U.S.DOT Victor M. Mendez, Administrator, Federal Highway Administration, U.S.DOT William W. Millar, President, American Public Transportation Association, Washington, DC Cynthia L. Quarterman, Administrator, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S.DOT Peter M. Rogoff, Administrator, Federal Transit Administration, U.S.DOT David L. Strickland, Administrator, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S.DOT Joseph C. Szabo, Administrator, Federal Railroad Administration, U.S.DOT Polly Trottenberg, Assistant Secretary for Transportation Policy, U.S.DOT Robert L. Van Antwerp (Lt. Gen., U.S. Army), Chief of Engineers and Commanding General, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC *Membership as of October 2009. *Membership as of February 2010.

OCR for page R1
AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM ACRP REPORT 30 Reference Guide on Understanding Common Use at Airports Rick Belliotti Frank Barich Justin Phy Paul Reed BARICH, INC. Chandler, AZ AND Rose Agnew AVIATION INNOVATION St. Louis, MO Subscriber Categories Aviation Research sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD WASHINGTON, D.C. 2010 www.TRB.org

OCR for page R1
AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM ACRP REPORT 30 Airports are vital national resources. They serve a key role in trans- Project 10-05 portation of people and goods and in regional, national, and inter- ISSN 1935-9802 national commerce. They are where the nation's aviation system ISBN 978-0-309-11828-6 connects with other modes of transportation and where federal respon- Library of Congress Control Number 2010924149 sibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of state and local governments that own and operate most 2010 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. airports. Research is necessary to solve common operating problems, to adapt appropriate new technologies from other industries, and to introduce innovations into the airport industry. The Airport Coopera- COPYRIGHT INFORMATION tive Research Program (ACRP) serves as one of the principal means by Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining which the airport industry can develop innovative near-term solutions written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously to meet demands placed on it. published or copyrighted material used herein. The need for ACRP was identified in TRB Special Report 272: Airport Research Needs: Cooperative Solutions in 2003, based on a study spon- Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the sored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The ACRP carries understanding that none of the material will be used to imply TRB or FAA endorsement out applied research on problems that are shared by airport operating of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the agencies and are not being adequately addressed by existing federal material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate research programs. It is modeled after the successful National Coopera- acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of tive Highway Research Program and Transit Cooperative Research Pro- the material, request permission from CRP. gram. The ACRP undertakes research and other technical activities in a variety of airport subject areas, including design, construction, mainte- nance, operations, safety, security, policy, planning, human resources, NOTICE and administration. The ACRP provides a forum where airport operators can cooperatively address common operational problems. The project that is the subject of this report was a part of the Airport Cooperative Research Program conducted by the Transportation Research Board with the approval of the The ACRP was authorized in December 2003 as part of the Vision Governing Board of the National Research Council. Such approval reflects the Governing 100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. The primary partici- Board's judgment that the project concerned is appropriate with respect to both the pants in the ACRP are (1) an independent governing board, the ACRP purposes and resources of the National Research Council. Oversight Committee (AOC), appointed by the Secretary of the U.S. The members of the technical advisory panel selected to monitor this project and to review Department of Transportation with representation from airport oper- this report were chosen for recognized scholarly competence and with due consideration ating agencies, other stakeholders, and relevant industry organizations for the balance of disciplines appropriate to the project. The opinions and conclusions such as the Airports Council International-North America (ACI-NA), expressed or implied are those of the research agency that performed the research, and the American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE), the National while they have been accepted as appropriate by the technical panel, they are not Association of State Aviation Officials (NASAO), and the Air Transport necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board, the National Research Council, or the Federal Aviation Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Association (ATA) as vital links to the airport community; (2) the TRB as program manager and secretariat for the governing board; and Each report is reviewed and accepted for publication by the technical panel according to (3) the FAA as program sponsor. In October 2005, the FAA executed a procedures established and monitored by the Transportation Research Board Executive Committee and the Governing Board of the National Research Council. contract with the National Academies formally initiating the program. The ACRP benefits from the cooperation and participation of airport The Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, the National Research professionals, air carriers, shippers, state and local government officials, Council, and the Federal Aviation Administration (sponsor of the Airport Cooperative Research Program) do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers' equipment and service suppliers, other airport users, and research orga- names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the clarity and nizations. Each of these participants has different interests and respon- completeness of the project reporting. sibilities, and each is an integral part of this cooperative research effort. Research problem statements for the ACRP are solicited periodically but may be submitted to the TRB by anyone at any time. It is the responsibility of the AOC to formulate the research program by identi- fying the highest priority projects and defining funding levels and expected products. Once selected, each ACRP project is assigned to an expert panel, appointed by the TRB. Panels include experienced practitioners and research specialists; heavy emphasis is placed on including airport pro- fessionals, the intended users of the research products. The panels pre- pare project statements (requests for proposals), select contractors, and provide technical guidance and counsel throughout the life of the project. The process for developing research problem statements and Published reports of the selecting research agencies has been used by TRB in managing cooper- AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM ative research programs since 1962. As in other TRB activities, ACRP are available from: project panels serve voluntarily without compensation. Primary emphasis is placed on disseminating ACRP results to the Transportation Research Board Business Office intended end-users of the research: airport operating agencies, service 500 Fifth Street, NW providers, and suppliers. The ACRP produces a series of research Washington, DC 20001 reports for use by airport operators, local agencies, the FAA, and other interested parties, and industry associations may arrange for work- and can be ordered through the Internet at shops, training aids, field visits, and other activities to ensure that http://www.national-academies.org/trb/bookstore results are implemented by airport-industry practitioners. Printed in the United States of America

OCR for page R1

OCR for page R1
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAMS CRP STAFF FOR ACRP REPORT 30 Christopher W. Jenks, Director, Cooperative Research Programs Crawford F. Jencks, Deputy Director, Cooperative Research Programs Michael R. Salamone, ACRP Manager Marci A. Greenberger, Senior Program Officer Tiana M. Barnes, Senior Program Assistant Eileen P. Delaney, Director of Publications Hilary Freer, Senior Editor ACRP PROJECT 10-05 PANEL Field of Operations Kevin C. Dolliole, Unison Consulting, Inc., Chicago, IL (Chair) Linda H. Dyson, Port of Portland (OR), Portland, OR David E. Hamm, Delta Air Lines, Inc., Atlanta, GA Samuel Ingalls, McCarran International Airport, Las Vegas, NV Alain Maca, JFK International Air Terminal, LLC, Jamaica, NY Luis Navarro, Port of Seattle, Seattle, WA James E. Trickel, Oakland International Airport, Oakland, CA Gil Neumann, FAA Liaison Alex Gertsen, American Association of Airport Executives Liaison Laura McKee, Air Transport Association of America, Inc. Liaison Christine Gerencher, TRB Liaison AUTHOR ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This guide was developed under ACRP Project 10-05. The prime contractor was Barich, Inc. The sub- contractors were Aviation Innovation, Vigilant Technologies, XIP Consulting, and Two Cats Consulting. The Principal Investigator was Rick Belliotti, and the Associate Principal Investigator was Frank Barich. Additional research, writing, and document support was provided by Rose Agnew, Alicia Crumpton, Justin Phy, and Paul Reed. Ms. Agnew was instrumental in providing the data and feedback for the road mapping concepts, and Ms. Crumpton was the principal author of the Decision Maker's Guide to Plan- ning and Change. Additional work on the Virtual Airport: Common Use Tool was provided by David van Akkeren and Cary Reif. The many individuals who provided input into the reference guide through their participation in interviews, online surveys, and data collection efforts are listed in Appendix F.

OCR for page R1
FOREWORD By Marci A. Greenberger Staff Officer Transportation Research Board ACRP Report 30: Reference Guide on Understanding Common Use at Airports provides a reference guide and tools that can assist airports and airlines exploring the possibility of and evaluating the appropriateness of integrating "common use" in their operations. An accom- panying CD-ROM, CRP-CD-74, includes a virtual tour that provides an alternative source of and approach to the information found in the reference guide. The report will be useful to airports and airlines, from those responsible for operations, information technology, business management, to the CEO. The reference guide and CD-ROM enable stakeholders to view information relevant to their areas of expertise and interest. The CD-ROM also includes spreadsheet models to allow users to plug in relevant information, which can be used in analyzing and evaluating how to integrate common use. Under ACRP Project 10-05, Barich, Inc., developed a reference guide for airports, air- lines, and other stakeholders to identify and understand the financial, operational, liability, safety, customer service, and competitive elements of a common-use approach to the uti- lization of airport facilities and the provision of services. "Common use" most generally refers to a technological method that airlines use to process passengers: at the ticket counter, at self-service kiosks, or at the gates. However, "common use" is discussed as an operating philosophy that an airport can use in managing and administering the airport. As such, this represents a paradigm shift in the traditional tenant-landlord relationship. Barich, Inc., accomplished the research, in part, by conducting a review of relevant doc- umentation, gathering information from existing and potential users and industry associa- tions, and preparing the reference guide. The accompanying CD-ROM provides a virtual interactive tour of an airport, allowing the user to focus on specific areas of interest.

OCR for page R1
CONTENTS 1 Summary 3 Chapter 1 Common Use at Airports 3 Introduction 3 Understanding Common Use 4 Reference Guide Overview 7 Chapter 2 Common Use as Applied Throughout the Industry 9 U.S. Application (General) 9 U.S. Airport Applications (Considerations) 11 U.S. Application (Airport Characteristics) 12 Current Range of Common-Use Facilities and Services within the United States 13 Cost-Benefit (Overview) 14 Other Industries 17 Chapter 3 Analysis and Implementation Considerations 17 Planning 21 Design and Construction 23 Terminal Operations 27 Airside Operations 32 Facilities Maintenance 33 Business Considerations 42 Technology 50 Chapter 4 Business Value Assessment 50 Cost Considerations by Area 63 Cost-Benefit Breakdown by Business Driver 72 Business Strategy Assessment 73 Chapter 5 Common-Use Implementation-- A Framework for Success 73 Roadmapping 74 Building the Roadmap 74 Common-Use Roadmap 75 Key Roadmapping Success Factors 75 Conclusion 76 References A-1 Appendix A Case Studies and Other Supplemental Information for Chapter 2 B-1 Appendix B Supplemental Information for Chapter 3

OCR for page R1
C-1 Appendix C Supplemental Information for Chapter 4 D-1 Appendix D Developing a Roadmap for Airport Common Use E-1 Appendix E Glossary F-1 Appendix F Interview and Survey Contributors