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Bibliography This bibliography contains references and very short descriptions of books, papers, reports and other publications that may be useful to Guidebook users. All publications included in this bibliography should be readily available from publishers, databases such as TRIS, or source orga- nizations, either in hard copy or as downloads from the source organizations. Publications that might become rapidly outdated or become unavailable in a short time have been avoided. This bibliography is not a complete list of references used in preparing the Guidebook, which would have included numerous unpublished or draft reports, papers and meeting presentations, as well as material taken from Web sites of passenger railroads and federal, state, and local government agencies. This bibliography is organized by subject areas relevant to the issues addressed in the Guidebook or in some cases by the source of material. Within subject areas, items are listed in chronological or alphabetical order, depending on which is judged to be the most helpful to the reader. Acts of Congress (reverse chronological order) 2009: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Among numerous other provisions, ARRA provided $8 billion in grant funding for intercity high-speed rail, as well as funds for Amtrak and commuter rail. 2008: Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act (PRIIA). This legislation authorized a 5-year continuation of capital and operations support of Amtrak, added grant programs for conven- tional and high-speed passenger service, and enacted a number of key policy changes concerning passenger service. 2008: Rail Safety Improvement Act (RSIA). This legislation amended or added rail safety regulations in several areas, most notably adding a requirement for installation of PTC on certain routes used by regularly scheduled passenger rail service and specified hazardous materials. 1995: ICC Termination Act. This act terminated the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) and transferred selected functions to a newly established agency, the Surface Transportation Board (STB). 1981: Northeast Rail Service Act (NERSA). Among other provisions, this legislation relieved Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) of all responsibilities for commuter rail service, requir- ing regional commuter rail agencies to take over operations or contract with Amtrak to operate commuter rail services. 1980: Staggers Rail Act. This legislation removed many of the economic regulations applicable to freight railroads related to setting shipping rates, line sales and abandonments, etc., and setting the freight railroad industry on a path to prosperity. 83