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11 Table 5 public employees participating in the program, Transpor- Target Groups for Fare Programs for Public tation Management Associations, and agency board mem- Sector Employees bers; Market Development and Commute Trip Reduction Type of Program # Programs % Programs (CTR) Services; originally the former general manager, Universal pass -- ALL employees of now the marketing department; and word of mouth. Third 8 20% parties include the City and County Department of the participating employers receive a pass Municipal/County employees only 5 13% Environment and the FTA, Department of Transporta- tion, and Internal Revenue Service (this response could Federal employees only 5 13% have been recorded under multiple champions). "Other" University pass programs with includes unspecified agency departments and elected offi- 5 13% employees also eligible only cials (specifically the mayor). Program for public employees at 5 13% multiple levels of government Table 8 Employer based program, but not Program Champion 4 10% universal (i.e., employees opt in) Program Champion # Programs % Programs State employees only 3 8% Agency general manager 8 21% Other 5 13% Agency marketing/sales/business 8 21% Total Programs 40 -- development department Public employers 6 14% Multiple champions 5 13% Table 6 Program manager 4 10% Program Eligibility Eligibility # Programs % Programs Third party 2 5% Public and private-sector employees 32 80% Other 6 15% Public-sector employees only; Total Programs 39 100% 6 15% other programs for private sector Note: No response for one program Public-sector employees only; no 2 5% programs for private sector Total Programs 40 100% PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Table 9 indicates whether employees have the option of Table 7 paying for their share of the program with pretax payroll Program Goals deductions. Most programs feature this option. The public Goal # Programs % Programs employer pays the entire cost in 12 of the 17 programs that do Increase ridership 29 81% not include payroll deduction as an option. Among the three "other" responses, either most employers pay for the entire Build partnerships in support of 26 72% cost or the respondent was unsure. transit Increase revenue 13 36% Reduce highway congestion 10 28% Table 9 Improve air quality 10 28% Availability of Pretax Payroll Deduction as an Option for Employees Other 4 11% Pretax Payroll Deduction # Programs % Programs Total Programs 36 -- Available 21 58% Note: Multiple responses allowed, percentages do not add to 100%; no response for four programs No, employer pays entire cost 12 33% No, not available 2 6% It is often helpful and even necessary to have a program Other 3 8% champion to achieve the program goals. Table 8 indicates Total Programs 38 -- that a champion for a public employee fare program can Note: No response for two programs come from a variety of places. No single source accounted for as much as 25% of all responses. Examples of multiple champions include the following: the agency Marketing Table 10 presents the fare media used for the program. The and Finance Department and the public-sector employers; most prevalent fare medium is an employee ID card, followed

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12 by a magnetic strip pass. Most "other" responses refer to van- programs, the respondents did not answer "employer pays pool programs where employers and employees split costs. entire cost," because some employers use pretax payroll deduction (see Table 9), but they did list "employer pays all costs" as one of the multiple answers (see Table 11). Table 10 Fare Media Used in Public Employee Fare Employers typically assume the responsibility for day-to- Programs day program administration (signing up employees, distribut- Fare Media # Programs % Programs ing fare media, handling other financial arrangements). The Employee ID card 15 38% majority of respondents reported that employers have primary responsibility, as shown in Table 12. Few transit agencies have Magnetic strip pass 13 33% assumed primary responsibility for programs of this type. Voucher that can be exchanged for 10 25% fare media Table 12 Smart card 10 25% Responsibility for Day-to-Day Program Other regular fare media (paper Administration 6 15% passes, tickets, tokens) Responsible Party # Programs % Programs Other 3 8% Employers 27 68% Total Programs 40 -- Shared responsibility 4 10% Note: Multiple responses allowed; percentages do not add to 100% Third party 3 8% Transit agency 2 8% Table 11 shows who pays for the fare media. Multiple Other 4 10% responses were acceptable, especially because different employers in a given program may choose different types Total Programs 40 -- of payment. The most common arrangements are for the employer to pay all or part of the cost, although the employ- Employees sign up through their employers in 90% of ees can pay their share with pretax dollars. In more than one- the programs (see Table 13). In some cases, employees are quarter of all programs, the transit agency matches part of included automatically in the program when their employer the cost. "Other" responses include the employer choosing joins. the level of subsidy and varying arrangements. Table 13 Table 11 Sign-up Procedures for Employees Who Pays for the Fare Media? Sign-up Procedure # Programs % Programs Who Pays # Programs % Programs Through their employers 36 90% Employer pays all costs 22 55% Through a third party 8 20% Employer pays part of the cost 18 45% Automatically part of the program 6 15% Employees pay all or part of the when their employer joins 16 40% cost with pretax dollars Through the transit agency 6 15% Transit agency matches part of the Other 2 5% 11 28% cost Total Programs 40 -- Third party purchases in bulk for 4 10% Note: Multiple responses allowed; percentages do not add to 100% distribution to public employees Other 8 20% Table 14 presents eligibility requirements for program Total Programs 40 -- participation, beyond working for the employer. Almost Note: Multiple responses allowed; percentages do not add to 100% half of the programs do not have additional requirements. Eligibility requirements are the prerogative of the employer The number of programs in which the employer pays all in 30% of the programs. Some "other" responses include costs is different in Tables 9 and 11. Table 11 allowed mul- surrendering a parking pass, affirming use of transit, and tiple responses. In several programs, some employers pay all requiring that all employees work at least 20 hours a week costs, whereas others share costs with employees. In these be enrolled.