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52 BART has adopted several internal policies relevant to has completed construction of a LEED Goldrated building, GHG emissions. BART's sustainability policy includes a goal and is currently constructing other environmentally friendly to decrease consumption of energy and resources by using buildings. Metro has begun incorporating sustainability sustainable materials in BART facilities. BART's Strategic design guidelines into transportation projects such as the Plan, adopted in 2008, incorporates a goal to reduce GHG Metro Orange Line Extension in the San Fernando Valley. emissions per BART vehicle-mile and a goal to contribute to The agency has partnered with a number of joint developers a reduction in VMT in the San Francisco Bay Area. to build TOD around its stations. Metro completed a GHG inventory in December 2008. LOS ANGELES METRO The inventory accounts for emissions from transit vehicles, office buildings, and maintenance yards, but not emissions LACMTA, or Metro, is the manager of a major transit sys- displaced by Metro's services. The agency is awaiting fur- tem for Los Angeles County and is the county's regional ther guidance on how emissions displaced can be incorpo- transportation planning authority. Public transportation pro- rated into emissions inventories for transit agencies. Metro vided by Metro serves the urban areas of Los Angeles, Long has chosen not to report its emissions to a registry such as Beach, and Santa Ana, California, with a total population of The Climate Registry or the Chicago Climate Exchange 11.8 million. The agency operates more than 2,000 buses, until reporting protocols are clarified. 32 directional route miles of heavy rail, and 110 directional route miles of light rail. Metro operates the second-largest In late spring 2009, Metro completed a baseline sustain- bus fleet in the nation after NYCMTA. More than 2 billion ability report that analyzes its environmental performance passenger miles are traveled on Metro service every year. and the economic costs of its core activities. The report includes an update of Metro's GHG emissions inventory, Metro has launched an agencywide sustainability initia- proposes sustainability indicators through which the agency tive that incorporates reducing GHG emissions as a prin- can track progress toward sustainability, and outlines rec- cipal component. In July 2007, the agency established an ommendations to further reduce Metro's overall environ- Ad-Hoc Sustainability and Climate Change Committee. In mental impact. 2008, the agency published the Metro Sustainability Imple- mentation Plan (MSIP). That plan recognized the need to Metro plans to monitor and provide input to various local, centrally organize, identify, measure, and report on strate- state, and federal organizations developing climate change gies to reduce GHG emissions and otherwise improve the policies that will affect Metro. Metro is actively considering agency's sustainability record. The MSIP contains specific the impact that existing and future GHG policies--including deliverables to advance the sustainability agenda. AB32 and SB375 (California's central GHG emissions regu- lations), regulations for the California Environmental Qual- Metro's board of directors authorized funding for two ity Act, and forthcoming federal transportation and climate staff positions to support its sustainability efforts. One staff change legislation--will have on the agency. person will act as a legislative and policy coordinator within Metro's Planning Business Unit, while the second staff Metro also acts as a regional facilitator of sustainability person will work in Metro's Construction Business Unit to efforts. The agency recently hosted its Second Annual Sus- support the implementation of projects that improve sustain- tainability Summit. The summit brought together cities in and ability and reduce GHG emissions. Metro has organized its adjacent to Los Angeles County, as well as regional agencies, sustainability efforts into four distinct efforts: (1) Legislative to discuss sustainability issues including GHG emissions. and Policy Coordination, (2) Climate Change and Green- house Gas Emissions Reduction, (3) Energy Efficiency and In addition to Metro's Sustainability Implementation Plan, Renewable Energy Efforts, and (4) Environmental Manage- the agency has adopted policies, including the following: ment Systems. Energy and Sustainability Policy --Commits the Metro is planning and implementing a full range of strat- agency to striving for LEED standards in its buildings egies that reduce GHG emissions, including strategies to and to conducting energy audits. expand service, increase passenger loads, reduce congestion, Construction and Demolition Debris Recycling and promote compact development, and reduce emissions from Reuse Policy --Commits the agency to pursue recy- its transit vehicles and other functions. A few of Metro's cling of construction waste. flagship operations that reduce GHG emissions are its CNG Environmental Policy --Incorporates the intent of the bus fleet, the largest in North America, and its solar energy specific sustainability and recycling policies and com- program. Metro has solar photovoltaic arrays that currently mits the agency to reducing GHG emissions from its generate 1.85 MW of electricity. Metro has initiated energy- own footprint and from the transportation sector, in efficiency retrofits in its headquarters and other facilities, addition to other environmental goals.