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21 for recruiting, structuring, and managing these committees mittees that inform different aspects of the transportation has allowed agency staff to become experts at working with planning process. The MPO has four standing committees: the structure. According to Gulledge-Bennett, agency staff the Citizens Transportation Advisory Committee (CTAC), know exactly how and when to involve the sounding board the Freight Transportation Advisory Committee (FTAC), in the service planning process. the Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC), and the Transportation Aesthetics Review Committee Lessons Learned (TARC). The Transit Planning 101 Orientation Program has been a The CTAC, the MPO's first advisory committee, was highly beneficial aspect of the program. The orientation has formed in 1983 (see Figure 5). Consisting of 46 members, provided a valuable learning experience for new members the CTAC was appointed by the 23 MPO Governing Board and allows the meetings to be more productive. In addition to voting members. In addition to serving as an advisory body increasing the overall effectiveness of recommendations, the to the MPO Governing Board, they also serve as an infor- orientation has the added benefit of disseminating a greater mal advisory body to the Board of County Commissioners level of understanding and respect for the challenges of tran- (BCC). The BCC is represented in its entirety on the MPO sit service planning throughout the community. Governing Board. Overall, the program has helped institutionalize the role of public involvement in Metro Transit's decision-making process. According to Gulledge-Bennett, this has bene- fited both the community and the agency by making Metro Transit "responsive to new ideas that originate within the community." MiamiDade Metropolitan Planning Organization, Miami, Florida: An Advisory Committee Structure to Involve the Public in a Variety of Agency Activities Agency: MiamiDade MPO Contact: Elizabeth Rockwell, Public Involvement Manager, and Wilson Fernandez, Transportation System Manager FIGURE 5 Citizens Transportation Advisory Committee. Source: MiamiDade MPO. Committee: Citizens Transportation Advisory Committee (CTAC) The CTAC has seven subcommittees: Aviation; Maritime; Surface; Elderly and Disabled; Transit; Legislative; and Spe- TABLE 8 cial Projects. For efficiency, up to three subcommittees can CITIZENS TRANSPORTATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE meet once a month, meaning that any member can be part (CTAC) of one or more of the subcommittees. Draft resolutions are Members 46 members adopted and forwarded to the full CTAC for consideration. Selection process Appointment by MPO Governing Board Advisory Committee Approach Authority level Group recommendation Reporting Reports direction to the MPO Governing The primary function of the CTAC is to evaluate the recom- Board and the Board of County mendations generated during the development of the Miami relationships Commissioners Dade MPO's transportation plans. The committee serves as a public forum in which issues related to the transportation Overview planning process can be discussed. This is especially true for the early stages of corridor studies, before a project-specific The MiamiDade MPO is responsible for transportation advisory committee is established. In addition to the CTAC, planning in the urbanized area of MiamiDade County, the MPO forms ad hoc committees for specific projects. The Florida. To support public involvement in decision mak- CTAC members work along with community representatives ing, the MPO has a network of ad hoc and standing com- from the study area on these ad hoc committees.