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50 are more intense during the programming and design phases Table 5.5. Planning phase risk monitoring of project development. and control tools. Tool Moderately 5.6.1 Risk Monitoring and Control Inputs Complex Minor Major (N/A) The key inputs to risk monitoring and control are the Risk Management Plan (R3.1) and Risk Register (R3.12). These I2.1 Red Flag Items tools provide a framework for managing risks through a for- malized monitoring and control process. In some cases when R3.1 Risk Management Plan fewer planning resources are available, a list of Red Flag Items R3.12 Risk Register (I2.1) can also be used for risk monitoring and control. 5.6.2 Planning Phase Risk Monitoring and Control Tools 5.6.5 Planning Phase Risk Monitoring and Control Tips Table 5.5 lists the risk monitoring and control tools sug- gested for the Planning Phase. More information on the tools Risk monitoring and control should be a continuous and can be found in Appendix A. repetitive activity during all phases of project development. For each project, develop a unique risk monitoring and con- 5.6.3 Planning Phase Risk Monitoring trol process that is appropriate for the size and complexity of and Control Outputs the project. However, do not create monitoring and control The key output for risk monitoring and control in the processes that are burdensome or create undue paperwork. planning phase is a strategy or plan that will support moni- toring and control in the programming and design phases. 5.7 Conclusions Please see Sections 6.6.4 and 7.6.4 for a more detailed discus- sion of monitoring and control in those phases. This chapter discussed guidance for risk management in the planning phase. The outcome of this discussion is a map or guide to the risk management tools provided in Appendix A. 5.6.4 Planning Phase Risk Monitoring The planning phase focuses efforts on risk identification. and Control Relationship Moderately complex and major projects that are specifically to Project Complexity identified in the planning phase can employ some level of risk A Red Flag Item (I2.1) list should only be applied for risk assessment and analysis efforts particularly near the end of monitoring and control on those projects where planning re- the planning phase. Risk mitigation and planning, risk alloca- sources are constrained. Risk Registers (R3.12) and Risk Man- tion, and risk monitoring and control are typically found only agement Plans (R3.1) are more appropriate tools to assist in on identified major projects. Rigorous documentation of the monitoring and control in major projects with a large amount risk management process in the planning phase will make the of uncertainty. programming and design phase efforts more effective.