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48 APPENDIX B Summary of I/D Provisions The following table presents a summary of 49 I/D specifi- the other two-thirds are boilerplate templates. These specifi- cations that were gathered during the research project. Ap- cations represent a wide cross section of STAs and their dif- proximately one-third of these provisions are project specific, fering approaches to time-related I/Ds.

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49 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Site Use (A+C Method) o C = working days x daily RUC o No work allowed on Sundays and holidays o Time extensions allowed for quantity overruns, change orders, delays resulting Arkansas from acts or omissions of the agency o Incentive is capped o Disincentive accrued based on working days in excess of those established by the contractor o Liquidated damages are separate and in addition to disincentive A+B o B does not include plant establishment period o Maximum B is set by the agency, any bids which exceed this maximum B are considered non-responsive California o One example from District 7 has an incentive of $50,000 per day capped at $3,000,000 and a disincentive of $16,500 per day o A second example from District 7 uses A+B for the entire duration but also has an interim milestone I/D of 40 calendar days for the completion of a bridge Incentive-Disincentive, & "Bonus" Payment and Waiver of Contractor Claims o Completion date(s) set by the agency o No-excuse, except for catastrophic events and appeals to the Chief Engineer for impacts that exceed 15% of the remaining time o The contractor waives all rights to any claims if incentive payments are accepted o Incentive payments are capped o Disincentives are capped Incentive-Disincentive for A+B o All of the same features as above except the contractor determines contract time Liquidated Savings for Early Completion Florida o Payment for early completion is not considered an incentive, but liquidated savings related to Construction Engineering Inspection and Contract Administration costs o Contract time includes all adjustments in accordance with standard specifications Incentive-Disincentive for Lane Rental Days o Maximum lane rental days is set by the agency o Lane rental days are measured in day increments o The difference between allowable lane rental days established by the agency and the actual lane rental days used by the contractor is paid to the contractor or deducted from contractor earnings o Recovery costs are assessed for every 30 minutes that all lanes are not open in accordance with the traffic control plans

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50 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Special Provision 108--Prosecution and Progress, De Kalb Co. o Fixed completion date set by the agency o $10,000 per day incentive capped at $1,000,000 o No time extensions except for catastrophic events o Waiver of all claims if incentive payment is accepted by the contractor Georgia o Disincentive calculations are adjusted for delays in accordance with standard specifications o Disincentive of $10,000 per day is clearly defined as a liquidated damage and not a penalty o Interim milestones related to specific maintenance of traffic conditions have separate liquidated damages Rental Fees for Unauthorized Lane Closure or Occupancy o Lane rental fees charged in 1 to 15 minute increments for each lane that is closed Hawaii beyond the specified time frames in the contract o Lane rental can be waived for factors beyond the contractors control o "Equipment breakdown is not a cause to waive liquidated damages" Project Acceleration (Incentive/Disincentive) o Bidder determines time (A+B) o Calendar days bid should not include holidays o Maximum B is set by the agency o 5% maximum incentive and disincentive Idaho o Additional liquidated damages begin to accrue 30 days after the completion date set by the contractor o Time extensions based on CPM analysis o Time extensions allowed for overruns, changes, differing site conditions, utilities, owner delays in approving submittals, any day when weather prevents work on the critical path for more than of the day Incentive for Opening Project to Traffic Ahead of Schedule o Fixed date set by the agency Indiana o Daily incentive rate with a cap o Time extension granted for agency delay in issuing the notice to proceed and if the work is materially changed Incentive/Disincentive for Early Completion o Closure days is defined as a calendar day occurring during a critical closure activity o Allowable closure days are set by the agency and include normal adverse weather o Time is adjusted for non-weather related items: overruns, strikes, legal stoppages, material shortages, and natural disaster o Time extensions are based on CPM analysis Iowa o Weather delays must exceed 5 consecutive days to be considered for time extension o Incentive/Disincentive based on actual closure days compared with allowable closure days--incentive is capped A+B Bidding o Daily RUC defined as average daily cost of interference and inconvenience to the road user o No I/D associated with this specification

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51 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Lane Rental (Hourly)(A+B Bidding with Incentive/Disincentive) o Bidder determines lane rental days (B) o Lane rental I/D is based on actual lane closures compared with the lane rental Iowa estimated by the contractor (continued) o Lane rental charges may be adjusted for extraordinary circumstances after the contractor has absorbed the first 10 consecutive hours of delay o Time extensions granted for circumstances similar to I/D for Early Completion specification Additional Bidding Requirements and Contract Conditions o I/D rate = $25,000 per day o Work allowed 24-7 except for work near the hospital (pier #5 to abutment #2) Incentive/Disincentive for Early or Late Completion for the B Portion of the Work o B work cannot begin before 11FEB2006 and must be complete by 31MAY2006 (109 days) Maine o $25,000 incentive for completing before the B time established by the contractor o $25,000 disincentive is increased to $35,000 per day after 90 days elapse o Time and I/D adjustments are made based on standard specifications Time o CPM schedule must be submitted with the bid o Detailed CPM requirements o Pay items for initial schedule and bi-weekly updates Extension of Time and Extra Cost for Incentive/Disincentive Projects o No time extensions except for labor disputes and material shortages o Cost increases related to keeping the project on schedule may be considered for no access to right-of-way, utility conflicts, interference from related contracts, suspension of the work, increased quantities and extra work Michigan Lane Rental o Contractor bids estimated lane rental o Lane rental is measured in hours o Lane rental is charged against the contractor's estimated amount--any balance remaining is paid to the contractor, if lane rental exceeds the estimate, it is deducted from earnings due on other items o Lane rental may be adjusted for increased work A+B Calendar Day and A+B Working Day o Agency sets both a Minimum B and a Maximum B--contractor time bids outside this range will be rejected o Incentive is capped Minnesota o If B encompasses the entire project, liquidated damages are added to daily RUCs Incentive-Disincentive o Fixed completion date set by the agency o Daily incentive rate o Capped incentive

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52 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Lane Rental Method o Bidder estimates lane rental--incentive or disincentive is based on actual lane rental charges o Lane rental is not charged for extra work Minnesota o No lane rental charges for lane restrictions that are left in place during shut downs (continued) due to adverse weather or major equipment breakdowns unless the situation could have been avoided by reasonable planning Liquidated Savings o Liquidated savings are capped Incentive/Disincentive o Multiple I/D periods may exist on a single project--they are uniquely identified by maximum calendar days to complete, start and end dates, daily rate, maximum incentive, and time frames allowed o Time and I/D extensions are allowed in accordance with standard specifications, based on CPM o Liquidated damages do not apply to I/D portions of the work; however, actual engineering and inspection costs may be charged Incentive Payments/Disincentive Assessments for Work Subject to the Special Note Incentive/Disincentive Clause New York o I/Ds shall be paid on completion of the I/D portion of the project Provisions for A+B Bidding o Multiple B portions may be specified o Incentive is capped o Time and I/D extensions are allowed in accordance with standard specifications, based on CPM Provisions for Lane Rental o Bidder estimates lane rental o Lane rental overruns are deducted from the contractor o Lane rental may be modified for extra work and delays Contract Time for Completion--Incentive/Disincentive o Fixed completion date set by the agency (22SEP2006) o Limitations on when work may commence o Interim milestones with disincentive only: $2,500 per day North Dakota o No extension for changes, increased quantities or delays; but, the incentive date may be moved up if quantities underrun or the scope of work is decreased o Incentive capped o Time extensions may be considered for adjustment to the disincentive only o No work on Sundays Incentive/Disincentive Contract o Fixed date(s) set by the agency--multiple I/D periods may be specified Ohio o Incentive capped at 5% of contract o Incentive does not have to be equal to the disincentive o Daily I/D accrual o No time extensions for weather, except flooding, blizzard, tornado, etc.

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53 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Lump Sum Minus Incentive o Fixed completion date(s) set by the agency o Lump sum incentive paid if milestone dates are met o Daily disincentive accrual if milestones are not met o Time is extended for weather A+B Bidding o Maximum B set by the agency o Time extensions considered in accordance with agency policy o Incentive is capped o Agency sets maximum days to finish the entire project after the B milestone has been met Ohio Lane Value Contract (continued) o Disincentive for lane closures o Contractor must estimate lane closure charges and be included in other items of work Unauthorized Lane Use o Disincentive for lane closures o Contractor must estimate lane closure charges and be included in other items of work Window Contract o Interim milestones have maximum calendar days set by the agency o The contractor has the flexibility to schedule the milestones at any time during the project A+B Bidding o Maximum B set by the agency o Incentive is capped o The B time sets a complete-by-date that the contractor is expected to Oklahoma "overcome all" to reach o Incentive is not adjusted for any reason o Disincentive may be reduced due to delays caused by unforeseen subsurface utilities o Unusually severe weather impacts are only considered for liquidated damages which are separate from I/D Multiple Project I/D Specifications (11) o Many project specifications include capped disincentives Oregon o Many combinations of calendar day and fixed date completion times set by the agency o Multiple interim milestones all subject to I/Ds Project Completion and Incentive/Disincentive Payments: Davidson Co. o Fixed completion date set by the agency Tennessee o Daily incentive of $7,500 capped at $2,500,000 o Time extensions in accordance with standard specifications o Very restrictive lane closure requirements--only allowed nights and weekends o Rolling roadblocks specified for blasting operations and bridge beam erection

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54 I/D Specifications Obtained State/Province Title and Key Features Bidding Contract Time o A+B can be used with multiple milestones o Agency sets: start milestone, finish milestone, I/D rate, minimum and maximum calendar days allowed o Incentives are capped o Agency sets maximum calendar days for the contractor to achieve final completion after substantial completion has been accepted Utah o Time extensions are in accordance with standard specifications Lane Rental o Bidder estimates lane rental--incentive or disincentive is based on actual lane rental charges o Lane closure outside the allowable times are assessed a liquidated damage 1.5 times the highest lane rental rate for that day of the week o Lane rental measured to the nearest hour Operational Constraint--Incentive/Disincentive o I/D tied to very specific milestone--all surface course completed within xx days of Ontario, the start of pavement milling operations Canada o Lump sum incentive of $30,000 for meeting calendar day requirement set by the agency o Also daily incentive of $2,000 per day for early completion--capped at $30,000 o Disincentive is lump sum and daily, too