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APPENDIX A--TABLE 19-A--82-PROGRAM SAMPLE Introduced in the "Analytical Considerations" subsection of the "Overview and Summary," the 82-program sample is drawn upon extensively in this chapter. The introduction to the "Response by Type of TDM Strategy" section further expands upon the use of the 82-program sample in the chapter. This appendix, specifically Table 19-A, provides details on each employer program included. The first column identifies the employer and site for each of the 82 programs. The sec- ond column identifies the source of the information, according to the following code: 1. Comsis Corporation. "Task 2 Working Paper: An Examination of Cost/Benefit and Other Decision Factors Used in Design of Employer-Based TDM Programs." TCRP Project B-4. Unpublished research findings and associated data files, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC (1994). 2. Comsis Corporation and Institute of Transportation Engineers, "Implementing Effective Travel Demand Management Measures: Inventory of Measures and Synthesis of Experience." Prepared for Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration, Washington, DC (1993). 3. Rutherford, G. S., Badgett, S. I., Ishimaru, J. M., and MacLachlan, S. "Transportation Demand Management: Case Studies of Medium Sized Employers." Transportation Research Record 1459 (1994). 4. Comsis Corporation, E. N. Schreffler Transportation Consultant, K.T. Analytics, Applied Management and Planning Group, Crain & Associates, David A. Puzo & Associates, and Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc., "MTA TDM Demonstration Program Third- Party Evaluation." Final Report. Prepared for Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transpor- tation Authority (1996). The "Type," "Location," and "Setting" columns should be largely self-explanatory, with "CBD" standing for Central Business District and "Sub CBD" standing for suburban CBD. It may be inferred that "Campus" and "Office Park" settings are essentially suburban. The "Near Transit" column gives the transit availability, either "High," "Medium," or "Low." "Transit availability" is a simplified transit accessibility measure where higher transit availability infers service by more scheduled buses/trains on more transit routes. Employers with no nearby transit stop are assigned to the "Low" transit availability ranking. The next five columns describe each employer's TDM program as of the early 1990s, when this data was collected. Program ele- ments are listed according to the four-type TDM categorization used in this chapter, except that parking conditions are identified separately in their own column. The first two "Vehicle Trip Rate" columns give the project average number of commute round trips per employee for the employer in question ("Project") along with a corresponding baseline aver- age rate against which to gauge the given program's effectiveness ("Control"). For more on the derivation of these baseline rates, see especially Footnote 3 in the "Analytical Considerations" dis- cussion of the "Overview and Summary." The final "Vehicle Trip Rate" column provides a calculation of the difference between the project vehicle trip rate and the control rate, expressed as a percentage of the control rate ("Difference"). Here the negative values represent an employer program project rate less than the control rate. In contrast, in the tables and text of the main body of this chapter, it is a positive Vehicle Trip Reduction (VTR) rate that implies program success at trip reduction relative to the norm. 19-164
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Table 19-A Characteristics of 82 Sample Employer and Institutional TDM Programs Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence Aetna (Hartford, CT) 1 Insurance Hartford, CT CBD 2,450 High Rideshare Matching; Transit Subsidized Vanpool Limited but Vanpool Subsidy; Flextime 0.77 0.77 0.0% Info Center and On-site Pass Program Unpriced $21/mo Transit Sales; Preferential Parking; Subsidy (in exchange Bike Racks; Guaranteed Ride for parking space) Home; Promotions Allergan (Irvine, CA) 1,2 Manu- Irvine, CA Campus 1,425 Low Vanpool meetings; On-site Vanpool Program; Plentiful, Free 50% Transit Subsidy; Flextime; 0.75 0.87 -13.8% facturing Services; Transportation Fairs; Use of vans for mid- 100% Vanpool Compressed Work Bike Racks & Shower day travel Subsidy; Rideshare Week; Facilities; Preferential Parking; Days Off; Quarterly Telecommuting Drawings Arlington Hts., IL 1 Local Govt. Arlington Hts., IL Sub CBD 250 Low Rideshare Matching; None Adequate, Free Maximum $500/yr Flextime; 0.80 0.91 -12.1% Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Alternate Mode Telecommuting Racks; Transit Info Center; Subsidy (or time off) Promotions; Preferential Parking AT&T (Pleasanton, 2 Telecom Pleasonton, CA Campus 3,980 Low Relocation Assistance; None Restricted but None Flexible Work 0.81 0.93 -13.4% CA) Rideshare Promotion and Free Hours (to travel 19-165 Matching; Preferential Parking outside peak) AT&T (Silver Spring, 1 Telecom Silver Spring, MD Sub CBD 950 High ETC; Rideshare Matching None Restricted, Priced Transit Subsidies None 0.57 0.75 -24.0% MD) Atlantic Richfield (Los 2 Petroleum Co. Los Angeles, CA CBD 2,000 High ETC; Rideshare Matching; Subsidized Vanpool Restricted, Priced; Transportation None 0.55 0.84 -34.5% Angeles) Guaranteed Ride Home Program SOVs get 1/3 Allowance ($15/mo if discount, 2-Person use transit or CPs get 2/3 rideshare) discount, HOVs of 3+ Free Baxter Healthcare 1 Med Inst Deerfield, IL Exurban 1,000 Low Rideshare Matching, None Adequate, Free Up to $60/mo Compressed Work 0.93 0.90 3.3% (Deerfield, IL) Guaranteed Ride Home Alternate Mode Week; Subsidies Telecommuting Bellevue City Hall, WA 1 Local Govt. Bellevue, WA Office Park 650 Med ETCs; Transit Info Center; On- Use of City Vehicles Restricted, Priced; Alternate Mode Flextime 0.63 0.90 -30.0% site Pass Sales; Preferential for Commuting if 3+ HOV Discounts Subsidies; Annual Parking; Guaranteed Ride Employees Pass for Transit or Home Vanpool Boeing Corp (Seattle, 1 Manu- Seattle, WA Suburban 85,000 Low ETCs; Promotions; On-site Vanpool Program Unrestricted, Free Alternate Mode None 0.80 0.89 -10.1% WA) facturing Pass Sales; Rideshare (through provider) Subsidies Matching Bonneville Power Adm 3 Elec Utility Seattle, WA CBD Fringe 100 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized Vanpools Tight; $25-$40/mo $21/mo Transit Flextime; 0.58 0.78 -25.6% (Seattle) On-site Ridematching; Bike Parking Charge Subsidy Compressed Work Racks & Showers Week Boulder Hosp. 1 Hospital Boulder, CO CBD Fringe 1,000 Med Rideshare Matching; Transit Shuttle Adequate, Free Alternate Mode None 0.67 0.78 -14.1% (Boulder, CO) Info Center; Guaranteed Ride Subsidies Home; Bike Repair Clinics (continued on next page)
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence Broadway Plaza 1 4 Prof/Office Los Angeles, CA CBD 300 High Comprehensive None Restricted, Priced; 50% Transit Subsidy None 0.70 0.75 -5.6% HOV Discounts Broadway Plaza 2 4 Prof/Office Los Angeles, CA CBD 300 High Comprehensive None Restricted, Priced; 100% Transit Subsidy None 0.61 0.73 -15.4% HOV Discounts Brown & Bain, PA 3 Law Office Phoenix, AZ CBD 263 High Part-time ETC; Computerized None Adequate but 50-75% Transit Flextime; 0.82 0.87 -5.7% (Phoenix) On-site Ridematching; priced; $25 to Subsidy Compressed Work Guaranteed Ride Home (taxi $50/mo Parking Week reimbursement) Charge; 25% Carpool Parking Subsidy California Franchise 1 Non-Profit Sacramento, CA Office Park 4,550 Low Full-time ETC; Rideshare None Adequate, Free $50/mo Vanpool Staggered Hours 0.84 0.89 -5.6% Tax Board Matching; Transportation Driver Subsidy; (shifts); (Sacramento, CA) Fairs; Transit Info Center & $15/mo Transit Compressed Work On-site Pass Sales; Subsidy Week; Dependent Care; Preferential Telecommuting Parking (HOVs of 3+); Bike Racks and Change Facilities; Guaranteed Ride Home Cedars Sinai Hosp 1 Hospital Los Angeles, CA CBD Fringe 6,000 Med Rideshare Matching; Bike Shuttle to Metro; Restricted and Parking Cash Out Telecommuting 0.76 0.87 -12.6% 19-166 (Los Angeles) Racks & Lockers; Shower & Vanpool Program Priced change Facilities CH2M Hill (Bellevue, 1,2,3 Eng/Prof Bellevue, WA Sub CBD 400 Med Alternative Mode Info Center; Company cars for Restricted, Priced; $40/mo Travel Flextime; 0.55 0.90 -38.9% WA) Rideshare Postings; business trips $56/mo Parking Allowance; $15/mo Compressed Work Guaranteed Ride Home; On- Charge; HOV Transit and Carpool Week (for all) site ATM Discounts Subsidy Chevron (Concord, 2 Petroleum Co. Concord, CA Office Park 2,300 Low Relocation Assistance: Free Shuttle to Rail Adequate, Free Free Shuttle; Some Flexible Work 0.78 0.90 -13.7% CA) Rideshare Matching; Transit; Extensive Implicit Vanpool and Hours (to travel Preferential Parking; On-Site Vanpool Program Transit Pass Subsidy outside peak) Pass Sales; Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Racks & Shower/Change Facilities Childress Buick 3 Vehicle Sales Phoenix, AZ CBD Fringe 101 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized Company cars On-Street Only None Flexible Start Time 0.83 0.87 -4.6% (Phoenix) Ridematching; Guaranteed available for GRH Ride Home Chubb Insurance 1 Insurance Warren, NJ Office Park 1,300 Low ETC; Rideshare Matching;Bike Subsidized Vanpool Adequate, Free Vanpool Subsidy Flextime; 0.87 0.92 -5.4% (Warren, NJ) Racks; Showers & Changing Program & Facility (internal); Raffles Compressed Work Facilities; TMA Membership; Week; Dependent Care; Guaranteed Telecommuting Ride Home City of La Habra, CA 3 Local Govt. La Habra, CA Suburban 123 Low Part-time ETC; Computerized Bike Loan program Adequate, Free None Flextime and 0.60 0.85 -29.4% Ridematching; Guaranteed Compressed Work Ride Home; Bike Racks & Week for Alt. Mode Showers; On-site Services Users Only (50% use); Telecommuting City of Pleasanton, CA 1 Local Govt. Pleasanton, CA Office Park 360 Low ETCs; Rideshare Matching; None Adequate, Free 25% Bus & Vanpool Flextime; 0.84 0.89 -5.6% Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Subsidy; $1/day Compressed Work Racks & Lockers; Promotions; Cash-Out Policy; Week Preferential Parking Raffles
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence City of Simi Valley, CA 3 Local Govt. Simi Valley, CA Suburban 150 Low Part-time ETC; Regional Fleet Vehicles Adequate, Free $2-3/day Travel Flextime for Alt 0.48 0.85 -43.5% Computerized Ridematching; available for Allowance; Bus Mode Users only; Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike business trips Subsidy (additional Compressed Work Racks & Showers 50% or $.75/day); Week (90% use) Time Off with Pay linked to Alt Mode use; Bike Equipment Allowance City Place Mall (Silver 1 Mall Silver Spring, MD Sub CBD 320 High ETC; On-site Pass Sales None Market Only Transit Subsidies Flextime; 0.55 0.75 -26.7% Spring, MD) (priced) Staggered Hours (shifts) City/County of Denver, 1 Local Govt. Denver, CO CBD 12,000 High Rideshare Matching; None Limited and Alternate Mode Compressed Work 0.65 0.81 -19.8% CO Telecommuting and Priced; HOV Subsidies Week; Teleconferencing Training; Parking Discounts Telecommuting Bike Racks, Lockers and Maintenance Training; Guaranteed Ride Home Commuter 3 Non-Profit Los Angeles, CA CBD Fringe 117 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized None Plentiful but $40/mo Travel Flextime; 0.66 0.80 -17.5% Transportation Ridematching; Guaranteed priced; $60/mo Allowance Compressed Work Services (Los Ride Home Parking Fee Week (used by Angeles) 18%); Telecommuting (used by 12%) 19-167 COMSIS Corp. (Silver 2 Eng/Prof Silver Spring, MD Sub CBD 130 Med Part Time ETC; Information; None Restricted, Priced $60/mo Transp None 0.66 0.74 -10.5% Spring, MD) On-site Pass Sales Allowance (for all employees not receiving parking); Monthly Carpool and Transit Subsidies (County assist) Cornell Univ (Ithaca, 1 University Ithaca, NY Campus 10,900 Med ETC; Rideshare Matching; None Restricted, Priced Alternate Mode Flextime 0.72 0.83 -13.3% NY) Promotions; Guraranteed Ride Subsidies Home; Preferential Parking Dean Witter 1 Financial Svcs Riverwoods, IL Office Park 1,700 Low ETC; Transit Info Center; None Adequate, Free Alternate Mode Flextime 0.88 0.93 -5.4% (Riverwoods, IL) Rideshare Matching; Showers Subsidies & Changing Facilities; TMA Membership; Guaranteed Ride Home GEICO (Friendship 1 Insurance Bethesda, MD Sub CBD 2,100 High ETC; Preferential Parking Vanpool Program; Restricted, Priced Alternate Mode Flextime; 0.61 0.71 -14.1% Hts, MD) Contract Transit Subsidies Staggered Work Service Hours; Compressed Work Week Georgia Power 1 Elec Utility Atlanta, GA CBD 1,800 Med Transit Info Center; On-site None Limited and Priced Transit Subsidy; Prize Flextime (manager 0.91 0.79 15.2% (Atlanta, GA) Pass Sales; Rideshare (below market Points approved) Program; Preferential Parking rate); HOV Parking Discounts Gotcha Sportswear 3 Manu- Irvine, CA Sub CBD 175 High Part-time ETC; Personalized None Plentiful, Free Time Off with Pay Flextime (Alt Mode 0.60 0.91 -34.1% (Irvine, CA) facturing Ridematching; Guaranteed linked to Alt Mode Users only); Ride Home Use rate Compressed Work Week (used by 18%) G-Street Fabrics 1 Fabric Store Rockville, MD Suburban 200 Med ETC None Adequate, Free Transit Subsidies None 0.75 0.85 -11.8% (Rockville, MD) (continued on next page)
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence GTE Govt. Systems 1 Telecom Chantilly, VA Office Park 1,350 Low ETC; Transportation None Adequate, Free Transit Subsidies Flextime; 0.94 0.91 3.3% (Chanitlly, VA) Newsletter; On-site Services; Compressed Work Preferential Parking; Bike Week Racks & Showers/Changing Facilities; Guaranteed Ride Home; Heated/Lighted Bus Shelter; Teleconference Center Hartford Steam Boiler 1,2 Insurance Hartford, CT CBD 300 High Carpool Program None Restricted and 50% Transit Subsidy Flextime 0.49 0.77 -36.4% (CT) Priced; Carpool Parking Subsidies Heller Financial Svcs 3 Financial Svcs Glendale, CA Sub CBD 253 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized None Plentiful but Free parking for Flexible Start Time 0.76 0.90 -15.6% (Glendale, CA) Ridematching; Guaranteed priced: $55/mo. Carpools of 3+; Time for Alternative Ride Home; Bike Racks & Off With Pay related Mode Users Only Showers to Mode Use Hewlett-Packard 1 Manu- Sacramento, CA Exurban 3,000 Low ETC; Rideshare Matching; On-site bike use Adequate, Free None Flextime; 0.86 0.91 -5.5% (Sacramento) facturing TMA Membership; Compressed Work Promotions; On-site Pass Week; Sales; Preferential Parking; Telecommuting Bike Racks & Showers; Guaranteed Ride Home 19-168 Hillsboro Co. (Tampa, 1 Local Govt. Tampa, FL CBD 2,050 Med ETC & Bike Coordinator; None Adequate, Free 50% Transit Subsidy None 0.85 0.88 -3.4% FL) Rideshare Matching; Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Racks; Pedestrian Enhancements; Vanpool Promotion; TMA Membership Hughes Aircraft 1 Manu- Tucson, AZ Exurban 5,000 Low ETCs; Rideshare Matching; Vanpools; Plentiful, Free None Flextime 0.75 0.87 -13.8% (Tucson, AZ) facturing On-site Pass Sales; Bike Subsidized Bus Racks and Showers; Service Guaranteed Ride Home; Preferential Parking IT Corp. (Irvine, CA) 3 Eng/Prof Irvine, CA Suburban 145 Med Part-time ETC; Personalized None Plentiful, Free 100% Bus Subsidy Flextime; 0.80 0.91 -12.1% Ridematching; Guaranteed (after 50 trips); $50 Compressed Work Ride Home; Preferrential HOV pedestrian subsidy Week (>50% Parking (50 trips); annual cash usage) drawing for alt mode users Johnson & Higgins 3 Financial Svcs Seattle, WA CBD 182 High Part-time ETC; Guaranteed Company cars for Tight; $180/mo $10/mo Transit Flextime 0.24 0.43 -44.2% (Seattle) Ride Home business trips Parking Charge Subsidy Kinko's Service Corp. 3 Prof/Office Ventura, CA Suburban 283 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized None Plentiful, Free None None 0.70 0.85 -17.6% (Ventura, CA) On-site Ridematching; Guaranteed Ride Home; On- site Services; Bike Racks & Showers Kirkland City Hall (WA) 3 Local Govt. Kirkland, WA Sub CBD 287 Low Part-time ETC; Rideshare None Adequate, Free $25/month Travel Flextime for Alt 0.77 0.92 -16.3% Postings; Guaranteed Ride Allowance Mode Users only; Home; Bike Racks & Showers Telecommuting K-Mart Valencia 1 Retail Tucson, AZ Suburban 112 Low Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike None Plentiful, Free Raffles Flextime 0.91 0.87 4.6% (Tucson, AZ) Racks & Lockers; Rideshare and Walking Workshops
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence Lawrence Livermore 1 Research Alameda City, CA Exurban 9,300 Low ETC; Rideshare Matching; None Adequate, Free $20/mo Transit Telecommuting 0.71 0.86 -17.4% Labs (Alameda City, TMA Membership; Subsidy; Purchased CA) Promotions; Preferential Computers for Parking; Bike Lockers; Telecommuters Guaranteed Ride Home Master Magnetics 1 Manu- Castle Rock, CO Exurban 50 Low Rideshare & Bike Promotion; None Plentiful, Free None None 0.86 0.93 -7.5% (Castle Rock, CO) facturing Bike Racks McClellan AFB 1 Military Sacramento, CA Exurban 12,000 Low Full-time ETC; Rideshare On-site transit Plentiful, Free None Compressed Work 0.97 0.89 9.0% (Sacramento,CA) Matching; Transportation shuttle; 65 Electric Week Fairs; On-site Pass Sales; Vehicles for use on Video Telecom System; base; Bikes for on- Preferential Parking; Bike site use Racks and Change Facilities Mercy Home Care 1 Service San Diego, CA Office Park 270 Low Transportation Fairs; None Adequate, Free Small Gifts & Prizes None 0.90 0.85 5.9% (San Diego) Preferential HOV Parking; Guaranteed Ride Home National Oceanic & 1 Scientific Silver Spring, MD Sub CBD 5,000 High ETC; On-site Pass Sales; None Restricted, Priced Transit Subsidies Flextime; 0.48 0.75 -36.0% Atmospheric Agency Preferential Parking; Staggered Hours; (Silver Spring, MD) Guaranteed Ride Home Compressed Work Week National Optical 1 Scientific Tucson, AZ Campus 250 Low Alternate Mode Information; None Adequate, Free 50% Transit Subsidy Flextime; 0.50 0.83 -39.8% Observatory (Tucson, On-site Pass Sales; Rideshare Compressed Work 19-169 AZ) Matching; Showers & Change Week Facilities Nike (Beaverton, OR) 1 Manu- Beaverton, OR Campus 2,200 Low Preferential Parking None Limited but 50% Transit Subsidy; None 0.83 0.88 -5.7% facturing Unpriced $1/day to All Others Nuclear Reg Comm 1,2 Reg. Agency Rockville, MD Suburban 1,400 High ETCs; Rideshare Matching; None Restricted, Priced Transit Subsidies Flextime; 0.59 0.85 -30.6% (Mont. Co., MD) Preferential Parking; Staggered Work Marketing and Promotion Hours; Compressed Work Week P.L.Porter (Woodland 1 Manu- Woodland Hills, CA Campus 230 Low Rideshare Matching; Transit Van Shuttle; Vanpool Plentiful, Free $15/mo Transit None 0.67 0.87 -23.0% Hills, CA) facturing Information; Preferential Assistance Program Subsidy Parking; Guaranteed Ride Home Pacific Bell (San 2 Telecom San Ramon, CA Office Park 6,900 Low Relocation Assistance; Full Contract Shuttle to Restricted but None Flexible Hours (to 0.73 0.93 -21.5% Ramon, CA) Time ETC; Rideshare Rail Transit; Vanpool Free travel outside peak) Matching Program Pacific Pipeline (Kent, 3 Manu- Kent, WA Office Park 138 Low Part-time ETC; Rideshare None Tight but Free $24/mo. Travel None 0.79 0.93 -15.1% WA) facturing Postings; Guaranteed Ride Allowance (if use alt. Home; Preferrential HOV mode at least 60% of Parking time) Pasadena, CA City 1,2 Local Govt. Pasadena, CA Sub CBD 2,000 High Rideshare Matching; None Restricted and Alternate Mode Flextime; 0.66 0.81 -18.5% Hall Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Priced; HOV Subsidies Mandatory 9/80 Racks & Lockers; Promotions Parking Discounts Compressed Work Week Payroll One (Denver ) 1 Financial Svcs Denver, CO Sub CBD 21 Low Transit Info Center; Carpool None Adequate, Free None None 0.80 0.81 -1.2% Info; Bike Racks & Changing Facilities; On-site Pass Sales Prudential 1 Insurance Jacksonville, FL CBD Fringe 3,420 Low Minimal Vanpool Program Limited, Free None None 0.82 0.87 -5.7% (Jacksonville) (continued on next page)
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence Puget Sound Blood 3 Med Inst Seattle, WA CBD Fringe 200 High Part-time ETC; Guaranteed Area employers Very Tight; $59/mo $25/mo. HOV Parking Flextime; 0.34 0.59 -42.4% Center (Seattle) Ride Home cooperate to provide Parking Charge (7- Discount; 1 day/mo. Compressed Work additional transit year wait list); Free Parking if use Alt Week service Mode; 50% Transit Subsidy Rick Engineering (San 1 Eng/Prof San Diego, CA Office Park 120 Low Preferential HOV Parking; None Adequate, Free $25/mo Alternate Compressed Work 0.77 0.85 -9.4% Diego) Bike Lockers; Guaranteed Mode Subsidy Week Ride Home Rockbestos (E. 1 Manu- Hartford, CT Exurban 400 Low Guaranteed Ride Home Subsidized Vanpool Plentiful, Free Vanpool Subsidy None 0.66 0.93 -29.0% Granby, CT) facturing Program Rosarita Foods (Mesa, 3 Food Proc Mesa, AZ Suburban 229 Low Part-time ETC; Rideshare None Adequate, Free None Compressed Work 0.74 0.91 -18.7% AZ) Postings; Bike Racks & Week Showers; Preferrential HOV Parking San Diego Trust & 2 Financial Svcs San Diego, CA CBD 500 High Ridematching None Restricted, Priced; $60/mo Transit Flextime (limited) 0.51 0.66 -22.7% Savings Subsidized for Subsidy SOV and HOV (progressive by occupancy) 19-170 Sears (Hoffman 1 Service Hoffman Estates, IL Exurban 5,400 Low Rideshare Matching; Contract Transit Adequate, Free Transit Subsidy Flextime; 0.53 0.92 -42.4% Estates, IL) Dependent Care; Guaranteed Services; Vanpool (through employee to Compressed Work Ride Home; Bike Racks & Program & Facility contract transit Week Showers; Preferential Parking provider) Shure Bros. 1 Manu- Evanston, IL Exurban 500 Low Rideshare Matching None Adequate, Free None None 0.81 0.81 0.0% (Evanston, IL) facturing (Regional); Promotions; Preferential Parking; Guaranteed Ride Home; Showers & Changing Facilities Shur-Lok Corp. (Irvine, 3 Manu- Irvine, CA Suburb 174 Med Part-time ETC; Regional None Plentiful, Free $21/mo bus pass Flextime (Alt Mode 0.80 0.91 -12.1% CA) facturing Computerized Ridematching; subsidy; $10-20/mo Users only) Guaranteed Ride Home; Bike Carpool Subsidy Racks & Showers; On-site (linked to use); 50% Services or $25/wk Vanpool Subsidy; Bike/Walk subsidy (linked to use) Southern CA Gas 1 Nat Gas Brea, CA Exurban 1,800 Low ETCs; Rideshare Matching; Vanpool Program; Restricted; Parking $50 Commuter Flextime; 0.41 0.78 -47.4% (Brea, CA) Bike Racks and Showers; Use of Company Fees; HOV Allowance; $60 Compressed Work Guaranteed Ride Home; Vehicles for mid-day Parking Discounts Transit Subsidy Week Preferential Parking travel State Farm (Orange 2 Insurance Orange Co, CA Office Park 980 Low ETC; Carpool and Vanpool None Adequate, Free Alternate Users Paid None 0.64 0.92 -30.4% Co., CA) Promotion Not to Park as SOV Swedish Hosp. 1,2 Hospital Seattle, WA CBD Fringe 2,250 High Guaranteed Ride Home; Special Contract Restricted, Priced; Alternate Mode Flextime (limited); 0.51 0.71 -28.2% (Seattle) Construction of Park & Ride Arrangement wih HOV Discounts Subsidies (100% Staggered Work Facility Transit Provider for transit subsidy) Hours (shifts); Express Services Compressed Work Week; Telecommuting 3M Corp. (St. Paul, 2 Manu- St. Paul, MN Campus 12,700 Low Broad-Based Alternate Mode Subscription Bus; Restricted but Implicit through Staggered Hours 0.83 0.92 -9.7% MN) facturing Support Vanpool Program Free support of modes (shifts)
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence TransAmerica (Los 2 Insurance Los Angeles, CA CBD 3,000 High ETC; Guaranteed Ride Home; Subsidized Vanpool Restricted, Priced; $15/mo Transit Flextime 0.56 0.69 -18.8% Angeles) Bike Racks and Showers; Program & Facility Subsidized for All Subsidy Preferential Parking Employees (progressive by occupancy) Travelers (Hartford, 2 Insurance Hartford, CT CBD 10,000 High Minimal Subsidized Vanpool Restricted, Priced; $15/mo Transit None 0.43 0.77 -44.2% CT) Program HOV Discounts Subsidy; $20/mo Vanpool Subsidy UCLA (Los Angeles) 2 University Los Angeles, CA Campus 18,000 High Comprehensive Vanpool Program Tight and Priced, None None 0.79 0.84 -5.5% (unsubsidized); but far below Operates Several Market Rates; Local Bus Routes, Shuttles, and Park- and-Rides Univ. of Central 1 University Orlando, FL Campus 5,000 Low Rideshare Matching (local and Vanpool Program; Limited but None Flextime; 0.96 0.86 11.6% Florida (Orlando) areawide); Bike Path and Campus Shuttle/ Unpriced Compressed Work Lighted Walkways; Part of Circulator Week; Transportation Cooperative Telecommuting Univ. of Wash 1 University Seattle, WA Campus 17,400 High ETC; Rideshare Matching; Info Vanpool Program Restricted, Priced; Alternate Mode None 0.27 0.71 -62.0% (Seattle) and Promotions; On-site Pass Facilitation; HOV Discounts Subsidies (primary 19-171 Sales; Bike Racks, Showers & Reimbursement to focus on UPass Changing Facilities; TMA Transit Operator for Program) Membership; Preferential up to 6,000 extra Parking; Guaranteed Ride hours of campus Home service per year US WEST (Bellevue, 1,2 Telecom Bellevue, WA Sub CBD 1,100 High ETC; Rideshare Matching; On- None Restricted, Priced; Transit Subsidy; Bike Flextime; 0.57 0.83 -31.3% WA) site Pass Sales; Guaranteed HOV Discounts Equipment Rebates Compressed Work Ride Home; Preferential Week; Parking Telecommuting Varian (Palo Alto, CA) 2 Prof/Office Palo Alto, CA Campus 3,200 Med ETC; Bike & Shower Facilities; None Tight but Free 25% Transit Pass None 0.71 0.86 -17.4% Rideshare Matching; Discount; Award Promotion; On-site Pass Program Sales; New Employee Orientation; Commuter Fairs Ventura Co., CA 2 Local Govt. Los Angeles, CA Campus 1,850 Low Guaranteed Ride Home; None Plentiful, Free Point Accumulation None 0.78 0.90 -13.3% Bike/Walk Facilities; for not Driving (1 point Preferential Parking per day), redeemable for cash at end of year (approx. $100 /yr per average days not driven) Walker, Richer & 3 Software Eastlake, WA Suburban 206 Med Part-time ETC; Computerized None Plentiful, Free 100% Transit None 0.76 0.76 0.0% Quinn (Eastlake, WA) On-site Ridematching Subsidy; 60% Vanpool or Ferry Subsidy Warner Center Hilton 1 Hotel Woodland Hills, CA Office Park 165 Low Preferential Parking; Bike None Adequate, Free $15/mo Alternate Flextime; 0.49 0.87 -43.7% (Woodland Hills, CA) Racks & Showers Mode Subsidy Compressed Work Week (continued on next page)
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Table 19-A (Continued) Vehicle Trip Rate Near Transportation Differ- Employer/ Location Source Type Location Setting Size Transit Support Measures Services Parking Incentives Work Hours Project Control ence Wash Adventist Hosp 1 Hospital Takoma Park, MD Campus 1,800 Med ETC; Preferential Parking None Restricted but 50% Transit Subsidy Staggered Work 0.80 0.71 12.7% 19-172 (Takoma Pk., MD) Free Hours (shifts); Compressed Work Week Wm. H. Mercer 3 Financial Svcs Seattle, WA CBD 120 High Part-time ETC; Guaranteed Company cars for Adequate but 100% Bus & Ferry Flextime 0.34 0.44 -22.7% (Seattle) Ride Home; Preferential HOV business trips Priced: $130/mo Subsidy Parking Parking Charge; $39/mo HOV Parking Discount Sources: Comsis (1994), Comsis and ITE (1993), Rutherford et al. (1994), and Comsis et al. (1996).